Each woman's menstrual bleeding process is absolutely individual, depending on the characteristics of the female body. The average duration of the period of menstruation is determined up to five days. At the same time, if there are any atypical discharge, then it's worth thinking about the pathology. However, bleeding should not be ruled out, which can easily be confused with menstruation. Therefore, for timely assistance, it is necessary to have an understanding of the distinctive features.
- 1 material When menses are the norm
- 2 Uterine bleeding and menstruation: the main differences
- 3 causes of bleeding
- 4 Classification discharge
- 5 More details about the bleeding types
- 5.1 Dysfunctional
- 5.2 Juvenile
- 5.3 Breakthrough
- 5.4 Profuse
- 5.5 Video -How to distinguish between menstruation and bleeding?
- 5.6 Bleeding and menopause
- 5.7 Intrapartum pregnancy
- 6 How to help
- 6.1 Video - Why do uterine bleeding occur?
When menstrual flow is considered the norm
During the period of menstruation per day, the woman begins to bleed in moderate amounts( about 50 ml.).The first days of menstruation are characterized by bloody discharge of bright color, then on subsequent days the discharge becomes darker and is allocated portionwise. Shades of emerging blood also vary from woman to woman individually. Subsequent excretion can occur with a sharp rise or movement, physical activity.
Additionally, menses or blood clots appear in the menstrual discharge. In this case, the smell of secretions is also present. Menstrual blood is characterized by a smell resembling fresh meat.
Attention! If the discharge during menstruation have an unusual brown color or allocation is meager, it is recommended to consult a gynecologist for advice.
Bleeding and menstruation: the main differences
In order to identify pathology, you should interview a patient who can easily characterize the typical menstrual discharge that is characteristic of her. Therefore, any changes should alert the woman. The nature of menstruation can change dramatically, therefore, you need to pay attention to such alarming signs:
- The amount of menstrual flow increases significantly.
- Blood is not allocated in portions, but flows almost continuously.
- Outlet discharges are characterized by too liquid consistency.
- There are no blood clots.
- The highlight color becomes saturated red.
- Specific, characteristic for blood odor, absent.
- There are signs of anemia.
- There is a strong weakness.
- Pain in the lower abdomen is possible.
- Before the onset of menses, there may be soreness in sexual intercourse.
Caution! If the above symptomatology is observed, then you should not hesitate to visit a specialist.
Causes of bleeding
For the body, blood loss is a rather dangerous manifestation. Almost a third of all uterine bleeding is explained by the pathological process that arose in the female reproductive system. In general, pathologies of this kind do not pose a threat to life, but lead to poor health, anemia, low levels of iron in the blood, as well as to problems with sexual activity. Therefore, in order to prevent the appearance of pathology, you need to know the main reasons that provoke it.
The root causes of bleeding are as follows:
- abortion, occurring abnormally( abortion) or by natural route( miscarriage);
- if delivery was by caesarean section;
- frequent diets, which lead to complete intoxication of the entire female body;
- problems with a common hormonal background, abrupt failures;
- iron deficiency or vitamin deficiency;
- blood ailments;
- bleeding disorder;
- long-term depressive conditions, stressful situations;
- ailments of an infectious nature;
- excessive physical exertion and heavy lifting;
- inflammation in the reproductive system;
- pathologies of a gynecological nature;
- pathological neoplasms.
Isolations Experts classify uterine bleeding into three types.
|Bleeding|| Short description |
|Normal|| Each cycle in a woman has menstrual discharge, which is considered a natural norm for the body |
|Conditionally normal|| There are discharges in the pre-vestor or the postovulatory period. Implantation bleeding is also included in the conditionally normal form of bleeding |
|Pathological|| Bleeding data can occur at any age - with menopause, during reproductive activity, adolescence. They can be divided into subspecies: |
functional. Bleeding occurs due to problems with the endocrine system or disruption of the pituitary gland;
organic. If a woman is diagnosed with neoplasms( polyps and others) or ailments( eg, endometriosis), bleeding often occurs;
system. Most often triggered by autoimmune diseases or pathologies of a chronic nature
discharge Details of the types of bleeding
The main signs of this type of bleeding are profuse blood loss or lingering nature. The risk group includes adolescent girls and women in the climacteric period. The provoking factor of pathology is an excessive amount of estrogens or progesterone. To eliminate this pathology apply hormonal therapy.
Dysfunctional blood loss can be of two types:
- ovulatory. Characterized by manifestations of the abnormal cycle, that is, during a month, a woman has a slight discharge of a scanty character, or, conversely, short menstruation, which have an interval of more than one month;
- are anovulatory. They differ in significant blood loss, disruption of the cycle, poor health, loss of appetite and a constant desire for sleep.
This is important! Primary pathology, it is possible to determine by gynecological examination, supplemented by ultrasound examination.
May be seasonal. This is due to the fact that the yellow body is not formed due to hormonal failure. If a teenage girl is diagnosed with neoplasms in the reproductive system, juvenile bleeding is not excluded.
A third of cases of breakthrough bleeding occurs due to problems with the uterus that are provoked by the intrauterine device. Also bleeding can be provoked by the consequences of taking hormonal contraception. To prevent subsequent bleeding, it is recommended to remove the spiral and select the correct dosage of contraceptives.
Profuse blood loss is difficult to distinguish from monthly discharges, as they are also characterized by menstrual pain. The only symptom is increased blood loss, which is characterized by scarlet secretions. The period of occurrence is difficult to establish precisely, because it varies.
It's dangerous! Profuse bleeding is difficult to diagnose and requires an urgent hospitalization of a woman. In this case, necessarily surgical treatment in the form of scraping the uterus.
Video - How to distinguish the monthly from bleeding?
Bleeding and menopause
In the menopausal period, the woman does not exclude the risk of the appearance of tumors of a different nature( fibroids, polyps).This is explained by a decrease in the level of estrogen, which is responsible for the normal menstrual cycle. It is significant that a woman will have severe soreness during sexual intercourse, as well as an interval between menstrual cycles for more than three months.
Blood loss during pregnancy
If, after conception, a woman experiences any bleeding, this is a direct threat to her life and to the fetus. Having found bright bloody discharge of a woman, you should immediately call an ambulance. Allocations are accompanied by the following symptoms:
- The appearance of severe pain in the lower abdomen that resemble contractions.
- Nausea leading to vomiting.
- Increased level of sweating.
- The appearance of dizziness.
Please note! The appearance of spotting during pregnancy is considered a dangerous sign that threatens life.
How to help
First of all, you need to minimize all physical activities. Then revise the diet and include in it necessarily beef meat, by-products( liver), foods with high iron content.
If a woman begins profuse blood loss, then she needs to immediately lie down in such a position that the pelvis was slightly raised. To do this, you can lay a pillow or raise a little lower limbs. Thus, it is possible to avoid loss of consciousness, and reduce symptoms.
To reduce bleeding, a cold compress should be applied to reduce the uterine vessels, and the muscular layer of the uterus is reduced.
Do not ignore any pathological discharge, because they can be a sign of a serious illness. The expert in video comments will explain the reasons of uterine bleeding.