1 Etiology factors
The main cause of regurgitation in children is the so-called immaturity of the digestive system. Nevertheless, experienced pediatricians identified the following causes of regurgitation.
The first and most common cause is overeating. The baby's body is saturated very quickly. But even when the baby is full, he continues to suck his breast, enjoy the warmth and care of his mother. An inexperienced woman can not determine when a child is already fed. The regurgitation of a fountain in this case is the easiest way to get rid of excess food that has entered the child's body. Professionals claim that if regurgitation is present, then it means that the body is struggling.
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The second cause of regurgitation is ingestion of the air during meals. Most often, this problem occurs when breastfeeding. This can happen in a number of cases: excess milk, uncomfortable position of the baby during breastfeeding or overexcitation.
The third common cause of regurgitation of food in children is increased flatulence. This is excessive gassing in the abdomen. This problem appears mainly after breastfeeding. At such times, the baby's intra-abdominal pressure is greatly increased. To avoid this, the mother must reconsider her daily diet. All products that cause flatulence should be excluded. This is black bread, apples, cabbage, legumes and eggs. Sometimes experts advise eating cabbage only in stew or baked form to obtain the necessary vitamins.
The last cause of regurgitation may be constipation. In this case, the baby also has an increase in intra-abdominal pressure. It is accompanied by a decrease in the rate of food advancement in the gastrointestinal tract. This increases the likelihood of regurgitation in infants. Nevertheless, regurgitation of the fountain can also occur in the case of random feeding. The pediatrician should write out a special schedule for the baby's feeding. Non-compliance can cause such a problem.
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There are many other reasons for this, but the main ones are described above. And if you are looking for the source of the problem, then pay attention to the above points.
2 Prevention of physiological regurgitation
Specialists in the field of medicine have identified a whole mass of methods that can help a person prevent regurgitation of a fountain. Each attentive mother can eventually determine the cause of this process in the baby. To eliminate regurgitation, you just need to get rid of the cause. Below we consider the most common preventive measures.
First of all, pediatricians recommend to start breastfeeding only when both the child and the mother are calm. In no case should you give the breast at a time when the baby is crying. If he cries uninterruptedly, you should put it on the couch with your belly up, pat on the legs and make a light mass in the navel area. Pay attention, that the head of the kid was not thrown back and that he breathed exclusively a nose. If the child does not breathe a nose, then he will have to take a new portion of the air with the mother's milk. Accordingly, after such a meal, there will be a regurgitation of the fountain.
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Also for the elimination of the problem it is necessary to pay attention to how the baby took the breast before each feeding. The baby must capture not only the nipple, but the rest of the areola. The lower lip should be slightly turned out.
If you are feeding your baby with artificial mixtures, then you should use only special nipples and bottles that are made using special technology. They prevent the ingress of excess air into the child's body. If you keep your baby in a semi-lying position, then the bottle should be fixed at an angle of 40 ° C.If the baby is sitting, then this degree should increase exactly 2 times.
Immediately after the feeding procedure, the child should rest and lie down for a few minutes. It can not be touched and swaddled at this time. To facilitate regurgitation, it is better to put the baby on the back and slap a little. If the infant regurgitates after each meal, then it is necessary to put it on either the stomach or on the side. This will help avoid getting into the respiratory tract of vomit. If this is not done, the child can be drowned and die in a matter of minutes.
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In some particularly difficult cases, specialists write out special antireflux compounds. It is known that this is a special indigestible additive. Getting into the baby's body, it prevents the process of regurgitation.
3 Possible pathologies of
Most people are prone to regurgitation syndrome. It is almost impossible to get rid of this. Sometimes this is normal and normal, but in some cases it is a pathology. If the baby's frequency of regurgitation with a fountain does not decrease during the first few months of life, then we need to start looking for another problem. It is likely that frequent and profuse regurgitation is the result of the intrauterine development of the baby.
The most common pathological cause of regurgitation is perinatal encephalopathy. This diagnosis is often made for the children of those mothers whose delivery was very difficult and long. After such childbirth, the infant develops abnormalities in the functioning of the central nervous system. Signs of this pathology can be expressed by several phenomena, one of which is considered regurgitation.
Another similar diagnosis is hydrocephalus. Usually, these children are delayed psychological and physical development. The kid often tilts his head back and immediately after feeding begins to spew abundantly all the food that has entered the body. It is impossible not to recall the anomalies of the development of the gastrointestinal tract.
Repetition of a fountain in infants is a common phenomenon that requires attention from the parents. Having learned about the reason, you can get rid of the problem. But even if this does not help, then be sure to contact a professional. Perhaps the problem is hidden under severe pathology, which requires urgent treatment.
- 1 Etiology factors
- 2 Prevention of physiological regurgitation
- 3 Possible pathologies
In the first months of life, any infant only adapts to the environment, and it can sometimes show a regurgitation of a fountain. Before birth, he received all the necessary substances through the placenta or umbilical cord, but from the time of birth he has to learn how to extract and consume food on his own. During the period when the normal functioning of the body is established, the child may have many problems and symptoms that are not inherent in the adult person who has been formed.
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This process usually takes place after a meal. Young parents are also afraid of this and think that this is vomiting, caused by poisoning by substandard products for babies or mother's milk. However, professionals argue that this is a normal process that is not associated with the disease.