Ophthalmologists prescribe eye drops for the treatment of inflammation, redness and elimination of allergy, moisturizing, improving tissue metabolism.
These drugs have the ability to penetrate through the cornea and into the vasculature of the retina, providing a profound effect on the nerves and blood vessels that provide nutrition and proper functioning of organs view. Therefore, they can not be used without prior inspection and destination expert.
The content of the article:
- 1 Types of eye drops
- 2 select the Features
3 List of effective drops from inflammation and redness, to improve vision in adults
- 3.1.1 sulfacetamide
- 3.1.2 Unifloks
- 3.2.1 Oftalmoferon
- 3.2.2 Poludan
- 3.3.1 Diklo-F
- 3.3.2 Nevanak
- 3.3.3 Indokollir
- 3.4.1 dexamethasone
- 3.4.2 maksitrol
- 3.4.3 Prenatsid
- 3.5.1 lekrolin
- 3.5.2 allergodil
- 3.5.3 Vizin Alerdzhi
- 3.6.1 Okulohel
- 3.6.2 taufon
- 3.7.1 Vizin
- 3.7.2 hypromellose
3.8 vitamin complexes
- 3.8.1 Vitafakol
- 3.8.2 kvinaks
- 3.9.1 octyl
- 3.9.2 Okumetil
3.10 Rewetting drops of dry eye
- 3.10.1 sante FX
- 3.10.2 Optimed
- 3.1 antibacterial
- 4 What eye drops allowed children?
- 5 Video of eye drops
Types of eye drops
By the number of ingredients in the composition for eye drops, distinguish single and multi-component formulations.
On the basis of their impact can be divided into the following groups:
- antibacterial and antiviral;
- delaying the development of glaucoma and cataracts;
- improving metabolic processes;
- reduce intraocular pressure.
These funds should be administered only by an ophthalmologist after stopping an accurate diagnosis. Drops for eyes from inflammation and redness caused by sleep deprivation, extended wear contact lenses, work in front of the monitor screen, or stay in a room with dry air, is called artificial tears.
They moisturize parched cornea, eliminate redness and signs of fatigue. They can be used alone, but only after a thorough acquaintance with the instruction.
select the Features
Choice of eye drops should be based on:
- etiology of the disease;
- symptoms of pathology;
- the severity of the process;
- phase of the disease;
- the patient's age;
- presence of allergic reactions to certain drugs or their individual intolerance.
Despite the fact that the doctor takes into account all the factors, the priority criterion for the choice is the etiology of the disease.
- When the disease of bacterial etiology - bactericidal and bacteriostatic.
- In viral infections, - antiviral agents and immunomodulators.
- Fungal lesions - antifungals.
When mixed types of lesions chosen complex drugs that affect to several kinds of infections. The greatest activity exhibit complex hormonal agents. However, due to multiple contraindications they are assigned less steroid analogs.
List of effective drops from inflammation and redness, to improve vision in adults
Drops for eyes from inflammation and redness can have different names, but contain the same active ingredients. This factor should be taken into account when the need to replace one drug to another.
The mechanism of action of one group of antimicrobials for relieving eye based on the growth and multiplication of pathogenic bacteria, and the other - to their destruction. On the effectiveness of the drug is judged to reduce pain, eliminate redness and purulent discharge, removal of edema.
Indications for use of antibacterial drops:
- acute blepharitis;
- suppurative keratitis bacterial origin.
The instructions to the antibacterial ophthalmic drugs listed contraindications due penetration of the active ingredients into the blood stream and systemic delivery of the whole body person.
The most common contraindications include:
- acute inflammatory renal diseases or relapse in chronic pathologies;
- liver failure;
- drug intolerance ingredients.
There are tools having a high degree of efficiency and at the same time having a minimal number of contraindications and side effects.
The active substance is sulfacetamide sodium sulfacetamide. The drug is available as a 20% colorless transparent solution. In addition to pathogenic bacteria, drug detrimental effect on Chlamydia. Means use 2-3 Cap. in the region of the inner angle of both eyes every 4 hours before the complete disappearance of disease symptoms.
Contraindication to the use of sulfacetamide is only idiosyncrasy of sulfa drugs.
Cost of 1 vial (10 cm3) Is from 36 to 40 rubles.
The active substance is Unifloksa ofloxacin. The drug is a slightly yellowish transparent solution for the treatment of ophthalmic diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria, and chlamydia.
It is also used in the postoperative period for the prevention of infectious complications.
- the first 2 days - 2 cap. every hour to the conjunctival sac;
- the next 2-3 days - 2 cap. every 3 chasa;
- before the end of the treatment, but not more than 14 days - 6 times a day.
The drug should be instilled even 3 days after the disappearance of purulent discharge. Cost Unifloksa vial of 5 cm3 It is about 100 rubles.
All antiviral ophthalmic drops are divided into 2 groups:
- interferon preparations based on stimulating the production by the body's own immune cells;
- virucidal agents based on idoxuridine, blocking the multiplication of viruses.
These drugs are used for the following diseases:
- viral conjunctivitis caused by herpes, enterovirus and adenovirus affects the mucous membranes of eyes;
- viral keratitis, herpes viruses and cytomegalovirus provoked causing inflammation of the cornea, with subsequent haze and loss of vision;
- uveitis, wherein herpesviruses affect choroid;
- keratoconjunctivitis, wherein adenoviruses simultaneously striking the cornea and conjunctiva;
- iridocyclitis characterized by lesions of the cornea and ciliary body exposed to the herpes virus.
Antiviral agents are selected only by an ophthalmologist for each patient individually.
Among the major contraindications release:
- intolerance or hypersensitivity to ingredients included in the preparation;
- autoimmune diseases;
- hepatic and renal failure;
- severe damage to the central nervous system.
The feasibility of using antiviral drugs during gestation and lactation accepted ophthalmologist for each patient individually depending on the severity of infection, pregnancy and general condition body.
Oftalmoferona active substances are interferon α-2b recombinant human and diphenhydramine hydrochloride.
Thanks to this combination, the drops have the following:
Depending on the disease, symptoms and the severity of the process, the drug is used 2-6 times per day.
The course of therapy is from 10 to 30 days.
One contraindication is intolerant of the drug components. Cost of 1 vial of 10 cm3It is from 300 to 350 rubles.
Poludan active components are potassium and potassium poliriboadenilat poliribouridilat stimulating their own synthesis α, β and γ-interferon in human organs and tissues.
Drops for eyes from inflammation and redness Poludan used to treat:
- viral keratitis;
- adenovirus keratoconjunctivitis yl herpetic nature.
The dosage of the drug in the acute period of the disease is 1-2 drops 6-8 times daily. As the number of applications symptoms attenuation is reduced up to 3-4 times a day. Poludan not assigned patients having ulcers on the cornea or who have an intolerance means separate components. Cost Poludan drops ranging from 100 to 180 rubles.
The mechanism of action of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory products is based on the blocking the synthesis of mediators of pain. This can significantly reduce pain, relieve swelling and inflammation.
They do not apply to transactions or severe pain caused by burns or eye injuries. However, their advantage over anesthetics is the possibility of long-term use within 2-3 months.
Non-steroidal ophthalmic drugs are prescribed for:
- treatment of non-infectious conjunctivitis;
- preventing inflammation after surgery or injury;
- prevention-related maculopathy in older people.
These agents are contraindicated for people with hypersensitivity to the drug and pregnant women. On additional limitations manufacturers indicate in the instructions for each specific drug.
The active substance-F Diklo ophthalmic drops is diclofenac sodium.
In the treatment of conjunctiva inflammation with non-infectious nature, the drug administered 1 cap. 3-4 times a day for no more than 14 days.
To eliminate the use of intraoperative miosis drops 4 times every 30 min. For 14 days. Cost 5 cm3 0.1% Diklo-F solution is from 140 to 150 rubles.
The active substance is Nevanaka nepafenak. It is prescribed for the prevention and removal of inflammation in the postoperative period following cataract surgery.
This drug has multiple side effects and contraindications, therefore, released in pharmacies only by prescription, stamped by the clinic. Dosage is 1 cap. means 3 times a day for 14 days. The price varies from 560 to 760 rubles. depending on the region.
The active ingredient ophthalmic drops Indokollir is indomethacin. The recommended dosage of agents to relieve pain and inflammation of the eye is 1 cap. with an interval of 6-8 hours from 1 to 4 weeks depending on the severity of the disease.
Intraoperative miosis Indokollir instilled 1 cap. 4 times every half hour. Cost 5 cm3 0.1% eye drops Indokollir is from 360 to 460 rubles.
The basis ophthalmic steroids are synthetic glucocorticoids. Their mechanism of action is similar to the effect produced by a stress hormone - cortisol. Due to the stimulation of gluconeogenesis they improve the metabolism in the affected area and reduce inflammation.
Steroid eye drops are always assigned in the complex therapy, as enhance the effect of other medicines and speed up recovery.
Indications for use:
- severe inflammatory processes;
- allergic reactions;
- trauma and surgical interventions;
Drops for eyes from inflammation and redness having a hormonal nature, are not appointed as a prophylactic measure. It is also strictly forbidden to independently change the dose or interrupt treatment.
Patients are used for vision correction contact lenses during therapy should replace their glasses.
Side effects of steroid drops is increased intraocular pressure and weakening of the local immune organs of vision.
Contraindications to the use of:
- purulent inflammation of viral, bacterial and fungal etiology;
- allergic reactions to components of the formulation;
- elevated intraocular pressure;
- Tuberculosis eyes.
Independent use of steroid ophthalmic drugs is prohibited.
Ophthalmic drops of the active substance is Dexamethasone Dexamethasone sodium phosphate. Its action is manifested through 4-7 hours after the contact with the mucous membrane of the eye.
In the case where the compromised integrity of the cornea or conjunctiva, the time interval is shortened to a few minutes.
The scheme of Dexamethasone in adult patients depends on the nature and severity of the pathological process.
|disease process||Dosage||duration of the course|
|Acute inflammation||2 days: 1-2 cap. 5 times a day.
4-6 days.: 1-2 cap. 3-4 times a day.
|From 6 to 10 days|
|Chronic inflammation||1-2 cap. 2 times a day||From 3 to 6 weeks|
|Injury or surgery||1-2 cap. 4 times a day||14 days|
If necessary, the ophthalmologist may prolong the course of treatment
The treatment may be extended by an ophthalmologist under serious reasons, confirmed by laboratory tests. Price 5 cm3 It dexamethasone ophthalmic drops from 50 to 75 rubles.
The active components of the complex preparation maksitrol are:
- neomycin sulfate;
- polymyxin (B) sulfate.
In addition to anti-inflammatory, it has an antibacterial effect. In severe disease the drug should be instilled 1-2 cap. every hour. As the frequency of use for decreasing inflammation is reduced to 4-6 times the daily. Maksitrol cost to pharmacies ranged from 350 to 440 rubles.
Active component is Prenatsid dezoni, has anti-inflammatory, vasoconstrictor and anti-allergic effect.
Dosage is 1-2 cap. every 6-7 hours for 10 days. Continued use of the drug is possible only under the supervision of an ophthalmologist at regular measurement of intraocular pressure. The average cost of 10 cm3 drops Prenatsid is 250-300 rubles.
The mechanism of action for eye drops of antiallergic is blocking the production of histamine, which is a major mediator of allergic responses. Routine instillation of these drugs promotes the formation of a specific barrier to the development of the body's response mechanism to introduce allergens.
An additional feature is the reduction of antiallergic activity of mast cells and restore cell membranes. Because of these properties, the formulations eliminate the symptoms of allergic reactions, manifested in the form of itching, burning, redness and lacrimation.
Indications for use:
- conjunctivitis and keratitis allergic nature;
- syndrome of "dry eye";
- hypersensitivity bodies under the influence of irritating factors as household chemicals, cosmetics, animal hair, dust;
- strain your eyes as a result of prolonged stress (work for a PC monitor, needlework, reading).
Contraindication to the use is only intolerance of components.
The active substance acts lekrolin sodium cromoglycate. The medicine is available in a disposable mini-droppers and vials. A distinctive feature is the lack of a mini-droppers preservatives.
Dosage involves burying 1-2 cap. solution at intervals of 4 to 6 hours before termination of allergy symptoms. In severe cases, an ophthalmologist decides to increase the multiplicity of applications. As a prophylactic agent Lekrolin can be used 2 times per day. The average cost of a vial of 10 cm3 is 98-110 rubles.
The active component Allergodil droplets is azelastine hydrochloride. It is used to treat and prevent seasonal allergies.
Dosage agent is 1 cap. 2 times a day at regular intervals. According to the doctor's prescription is possible to use up to 4 times a day until complete elimination of symptoms of the disease. Cost vial of 6 cm3 0.05% allergodil solution is from 14 to 18 rubles.
Active substance eyedrops Vizin Allergy - levocabastine hydrochloride. Since after applying the drug has antihistaminic action over 10 hours, it should be instilled 1-2 drops in both eyes two times a day until the disappearance of allergic symptoms.
Price vial of 4 cm3 0.05% solution Vizin Allergy varies from 370 to 400 rubles.
Ophthalmic homeopathic preparations containing small amounts of active substances, used to relieve symptoms of "dry eye", when fatigue and conjunctivitis infectious nature.
They can be applied during gestation, lactation, at various hormonal disturbances. They also have no contraindications for age.
Despite the fact that some manufacturers indicate the possibility of using the homeopathic drops for the treatment of cataracts, glaucoma, keratitis, blepharitis, and other serious pathologies of organs of vision, ophthalmologists are skeptical about this kind of therapy.
The structure Okulohel drops contains extracts of the following plants:
- uzkolistvennaya echinacea;
- officinalis horse radish;
- pilocarpus yaborandi;
The drug has weak analgesic effects, reduces inflammation and eliminates the symptoms of allergy. With prolonged use improves trophic smooth muscles of the eyeball, increasing its tone and preventing the rapid development of myopia.
Dosage is 1-2 drops drops in each eye up to 4 times a day. The average duration of the course - 10-14 days. The cost of the drug to pharmacies ranged from 600 to 800 rubles.
The basis Taufon preparation is taurine, which is a sulfur containing amino acid.
The medicine has the ability to repair cell membranes function of organs of vision and activate the metabolism in tissues. The droplets are often used as a regenerative agent for corneal integrity violation and degenerative changes in the retina.
The maximum effect is reached at regular instillation 1-2 thorough eye. 2-4 times a day for 3 months. If necessary, the course may be repeated after 30 days.
The principle of operation is based on the acceleration keratoprotektorov Incoming epithelial cells to the damaged surface and the indirect stimulation of basal cell division.
Indications for use:
- burns, corneal injury and conjunctiva;
- syndrome of "dry eye";
- non-infectious inflammatory processes;
- Dystrophic changes in the cornea.
Keratoprotektory often used as part of combination therapy in the treatment of fungal, viral and bacterial keratitis. They should be used during the period of getting used to the contact lens, as well as diagnostic tests of eye involving mechanical action.
The main contraindications to the use of a idiosyncrasy components preparations. Also data with care products are prescribed to patients with cancer and diabetes.
Tetryzoline representing valid vizin component relates to vasoconstrictor substances from the group agonists.
Using the drops allows you to:
- normalize the outflow of intraocular fluid;
- reduce the degree of swelling;
- eliminate congestion.
The drug takes effect within a few minutes after instillation for 4-7 hours.
Independently use the drug may be only 72 hours with a multiplicity of up to 4 times a day for 1-2 thorough. in each eye.
Continued use of the drug is possible only under the supervision of an ophthalmologist.
Price classic Vizin ranges from 270 to 360 rubles.
Ophthalmic Drops Hypromellose apply the syndrome of "dry eye", as well as to hold other drugs to the mucosal surface for longer time.
For removal of pain when excessive dryness of cornea means instill 1-2 cap. in both eyes every hour. In diseases of inflammatory nature Hypromellose is used 2-3 times a day. Until full recovery. The cost of the drug in pharmacies varies from 85 to 100 rubles.
Eye drops from inflammation and redness by vitamin complexes can accelerate the healing process, to remove the swelling, irritation and fatigue, enhance tissue trophism.
The indications for their use are as follows:
- computer work more than 3 hours per day;
- use of contact lenses;
- injury and degenerative changes in the cornea;
- decreased visual acuity in the twilight;
- dry eye syndrome;
- non-infectious manifestations of allergy.
Contraindications to the use of a specific vitamin intolerance when applied topically.
The structure Vitafakola includes:
- vit. B3;
- cytochrome C;
- sodium succinate;
The indication for use is the initial stage of cataract. Dosage amounts of 2 cap. in the conjunctival sac of both eyes 3 times a day. Duration of the course determined by the attending ophthalmologist. Price vial ranges from 300 to 350 rubles.
The active substance is Kvinaks drops azapentatsen sodium polysulfonates.
It interferes with the development of cataracts by preventing the accumulation of proteins in the lens opaque and non-pathological therein oxidation of sulfhydryl groups of the protein.
Dosage is 1-2 cap. from 3 to 5 times per day. Drops are used for a long period of time under observation ophthalmologist.
Kvinaks cost ranges from 350 to 550 rubles.
Ophthalmic drops, which have vasoconstrictor effect, designed to quickly eliminate the strong swelling of eyes.
Their operating principle is based on the reduction of ocular permeability of blood capillaries, leading to a decrease in inflammation, redness and swelling. Effect of preparations manifests itself already after 10-15 min. after instillation.
Indications for use:
- long work for a book or a computer monitor;
- redness of the eye as a result of a chronic lack of sleep;
- seasonal allergic reactions;
- stay indoors with overdried or gassy air;
- incorrect use of contact lenses;
- mechanical corneal injury.
Contraindications to the use of:
- Pregnancy and lactation;
- diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- inflammation or injury of the lacrimal glands.
Vasoconstrictor drugs are highly addictive, so they can not be used alone for more than 5 days.
Octyl solution as an active component contains tetryzoline, providing vasoconstrictive action. To eliminate an inflammation in the formulation further introduced extracts linden flowers and chamomile.
Octyl has a positive effect already after 2 min. after instillation. Agent is used 2 times a day at regular intervals. The cost of 8 cm3 preparation is from 250 to 300 rubles.
Combined tool Okumetil contains in its composition:
- zinc sulfate, has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect;
- naphazoline, providing vasoconstrictor effect;
- diphenhydramine, are blockers of histamine receptors and eliminate allergy symptoms.
Dosage is 1 cap. 2-3 times a day. If after 72 hours after the start of use do not show a marked improvement, the use of Okumetila should stop and consult an ophthalmologist. Price 10 cc vial3 200-250 rub.
Rewetting drops of dry eye
Wetting eye drops have a symptomatic effect, helping to eliminate discomfort when:
- syndrome of "dry eye";
- prolonged use of the computer;
- stay indoors with extremely dry air;
- constant wear contact lenses.
Their operating principle is based on the formation of a protective film on the surface of the cornea, which prevents rapid evaporation of moisture. Moisturizing agents may be administered as part of the treatment of diseases, when there is no complete closure of the eyelids.
Is a contraindication to the use of individual hypersensitivity to the components of the solutions.
The main active substance complex Sante FX drug are taurine and potassium L-aspartate. It relieves the irritation caused by various factors, as well as eliminates the symptoms of fatigue and dry eyes.
The solution was instilled 1-2 cap. in both eyes 3 to 5 times per day. On the possibility of its long-term use should consult with an ophthalmologist. Sante FX price drops is about 700 rubles.
The solution for contact lenses Optimed has moisturizing properties inhibit development syndrome "dry eye" with prolonged wearing lenses.
It removes from the surface protein deposits, destroys pathogens of bacterial, viral and fungal origin.
The cost of 250 cm3 Optimed solution is about 300 rubles.
What eye drops allowed children?
Ophthalmic drugs for children are divided into several groups.
The group of wetting agents include:
- hypromellose, applied to the first days of life in a dosage of 1 to 2 cap. in each eye three times a day;
- Defislez, assigned to 4 years of age at a dose of 1-2 cap. from 4 to 8 times a day;
- Oksial, recommended for use for children after 1 year at a dose of 1-2 cap. 3-4 times a day.
The group of antibacterial agents include:
- sulfacetamide in the form of 10% and 20% of the solution, allowed to be used from the first days of life in the dosage set by the attending physician;
- Vitabakt, used to treat infants and older children for 10-14 days at a dose of 1-2 cap. from 2 to 6 times a day .;
- tsiprolet, suitable for burying children after 1 year at a dose of 1-2 cap. 2-3 times a day.
Group of antihistamines include:
- allergodil, used for children over 4 years of age at a dose of 1-2 cap. 2-4 times a day;
- Okumetil, used with 2 years of age in an amount of 1-2 cap. 2-3 times per day for up to 72 hours;
- ketotifen, allowed children after 3 years at a dose of 1 cap. 2 times a day.
Independent use of drops to the eye from inflammation and redness can be addictive and lead to the opposite effect. Therefore, the appearance of pain, redness, purulent discharge, discomfort, or increased tear production, should be timely contact an eye specialist, who will hold the necessary diagnosis, establish the cause of pathology and appoint competent treatment.
Registration of the article: Vladimir the Great
Video of eye drops
How to choose eye drops if there was inflammation: