- 1 Principle of Fluimucil
- 2 Forms of release
- 3 Instructions for use
- 4 Rules for dilution of solution for inhalation
- 5 Pregnancy and Fluimucil
- 6 Contraindications and side effects
- 7 Analogs
- 8 Reviews on the use of the antibiotic Fluimucil
Violation of the functions of the respiratory system, developing as a result of colds and infectious diseases, provokes the occurrence of painful, dry cough. This article will review the instructions for use of Fluimucil - a drug that dilutes and removes phlegm, exhibits expectorant properties and helps to quickly alleviate the condition the patient.
The principle of action of Fluimucil
The therapeutic effect of the drug due to the presence in the composition of the active substance - acetylcysteine. It is a derivative of the amino acid cysteine, which directly affects the chemical structure of sputum. Acetylcysteine destroys disulfide bonds, thereby leading to the liquefaction of mucus and a decrease in its viscosity. It is easier to stick out from the bronchial walls and expectorates faster.
Simultaneously with the mucolytic action, acetylcysteine triggers a nonspecific mechanism of local protection of the respiratory mucosa. In addition, the active substance exhibits antioxidant and detoxification properties. In the course of research, it has been proven that the use of acetylcysteine with ARVI helps to alleviate the course of the disease, reduce the severity of the characteristic symptoms. This is evidenced by numerous reviews of the drug.
In addition to the mucolytic agent Fluimucil, there is another type of drug - it is an antibiotic Fluimucil IT, which includes a broad-spectrum antibacterial substance –Thiamphenicol.
The drug belongs to the amphenicol group and can be used locally and parenterally. Under the influence of thiamphenicol, there is a violation of the process of protein synthesis in the cells of pathogenic microorganisms. The active substance with a high speed spreads in the body, accumulates in the respiratory organs and has bacteriostatic effect, that is, it actively destroys the bacteria that are the causative agents of respiratory infections ways.
Forms of release
In pharmacies today, you can find several forms of Fluimucil:
- Pellets for breeding (powder);
- Effervescent tablets Fluimucil 600 mg;
- Solution for oral administration (syrup);
- Lyophilisate (antibiotic Fluimucil IT for injection and inhalation).
The choice of several forms allows the use of medication for the treatment of patients of different age groups (adults and children). The average price of powder and effervescent tablets is 170 rubles. The average cost of syrup is 200 rubles. The price of the antibiotic Fluimutsil starts from 500 rubles.
Indications for use
Fluimucil drug is prescribed in the following conditions:
- pathologies of the respiratory organs, which are accompanied by the formation of viscous mucus and problematic sputum discharge (bronchitis, tracheitis, pneumonia, cystic fibrosis, pneumonia, lung abscess, etc.);
- post-traumatic and postoperative conditions (to remove viscous secretions from the respiratory tract);
- purulent and catarrhal otitis media;
- preparation for bronchoscopy.
Fluimucil is also used to flush the nasal passages, maxillary sinuses and the surgical field during operations on the nasal cavity. The use of the drug is justified as a means to improve the drainage of the respiratory tract in non-specific forms of SARS and mycobacterial infections.
Instructions for use
For each form of release has its own characteristics of use and dosing regimen.
Granules for the preparation of the solution
Fluimucil powder can be used to treat newborn babies, but only under the supervision of a physician. The recommended daily dose is calculated by a specialist from the ratio of 10 mg / kg body weight of the child. According to the instructions, to prepare the solution, you need to take 60 ml of cool boiled water and dissolve one portion of the medicine in it. For convenience, in the first year of life, children can be given pre-prepared therapeutic solution from a spoon or bottle that is used for feeding.
The daily dose for children from 1-2 years is 100 mg of the drug twice a day. If a child is more than 2 years old and less than 6 years old, he is supposed to take 200 mg of medication per day, which must be divided into two or three doses. For children from 6 years of age and adults, they receive Fluimucil 2-3 times a day, 200 mg.
The duration of treatment with a medicinal mixture is selected individually, depending on the severity of the disease and the patient's condition. As a rule, in the case of the acute form of the disease, the therapy lasts 5-10 days, while in the treatment of chronic conditions it lasts several months.
This dosage form is usually prescribed only for adults. Daily dose - 1 tablet (600 mg), which must be diluted in 1/3 cup of water. Fluimucil tablets can be taken exclusively from 18 years. The duration of treatment is also determined individually by the doctor and depends on the condition of the patient.
Fluimucil syrup can be prescribed for both adults and children. One vial of the drug (200 g) contains 40 mg of active ingredient. Children from 14 years and adults are shown to take 15 ml of solution once a day. A child from 2 to 5 years old should be given the drug three times a day in 5 ml (one scoop). For children from 6 to 14 years is shown four times the same dose of the drug per day.
Fluimucil can be administered by inhalation, intratracheal, parenteral and topical. For aerosol therapy, devices with a control valve or ultrasound devices are used. In the first case, apply no more than 6 ml of 10% solution, in the second - from 3 to 9 ml. The duration of the procedure should not exceed 20 minutes. Per day you can do from 2 to 4 sessions.
Fluimucil for inhalation in acute forms of the disease is used 5-10 days. Chronic disease therapy can last up to 6 months.
The feature of the drug is its safety, so the frequency of procedures and the magnitude doses can be changed by a doctor and selected individually for the patient within the limits values. In this case, the dosage for adults and children may be the same. For inhalation is better to use a compressor device.
Rules dilution solution for inhalation
Many patients are interested in how to dilute Fluimucil solution for inhalation? To prepare a medical basis, it is necessary to open one ampoule with the drug and dilute its contents in saline or cooled boiled water in the same proportions, that is 1: 1. It is necessary to prepare the solution in glassware, because metal and rubber containers negatively affect the activity of the active substance.
The therapeutic mixture is not recommended to be placed in an ultrasonic nebulizer, because its use leads to the rapid destruction of the active substance Fluimucil. For inhalation, use a compressor device that provides the desired therapeutic effect.
Fluimucil against cough in the form of a solution for intratracheal treatment in order to cleanse the bronchi is used in case of prescribing therapeutic bronchoscopy. According to the instructions in this case shows from 1-2 or more vials per day, depending on the condition of the patient.
For topical use, Fluimucil is instilled into the nose in a dose of 150-300 mg in each nostril.
For parenteral treatment, Fluimucil is administered intravenously or intramuscularly. When administered intravenously, the solution is poured drip or jet. In the latter case, the drug should be injected into the vein very slowly, within 5 minutes.
For adults, the daily dose of the drug is 300 mg (3 ml) from 1 to 2 times per day. For children from 6 to 14 years old, the dose of the drug allowed for use per day is two times less (150 mg). When treating a child under 6 years of age, the daily dose of the drug is calculated taking into account the amount of the body's body - 10 mg / kg.
Antibiotic Fluimucil children can be prescribed only in the presence of vital indications and under strict medical supervision, using intravenous administration of the drug in a hospital.
Pregnancy and Fluimucil
Fluimucil during pregnancy can be used only in the case of exceptional indications. At the same time, before starting treatment, a pregnant woman needs to undergo a thorough examination to determine the risk to the health and development of the fetus.
The most gentle and safe method of therapy with this drug during pregnancy is to conduct inhalation. This method of administering the drug minimizes the risk of the active substance entering the circulatory system. The dosage and duration of treatment is determined by the doctor and depends on the nature of the disease, the course of pregnancy and the patient's condition. Fluimucil solution with an antibiotic in the composition to apply the period of carrying a child and breastfeeding is contraindicated.
Contraindications and side effects
The main contraindication to the use of Fluimucil is hypersensitivity to acetylcysteine or auxiliary substances of the drug. Effervescent tablets should not be taken by children under 18. Granules for the preparation of the solution are contraindicated in children under 2 years. Fluimucil is also not prescribed in the presence of the following diseases:
The antibiotic Fluimucil is forbidden to be used in case of liver and kidney diseases, gastric ulcer, during pregnancy and lactation, as well as in case of intestinal bleeding.
One of the most popular analogues of Fluimucil is the drug ACC. It contains an identical active substance - acetylcysteine. Available medicine in the form of granules for the preparation of a solution, syrup or suspension, solution for injection.
It turns out a similar pharmacological action and is used in violation of sputum discharge, purulent otitis, sinusitis, sinusitis, as well as in preparation for the procedure of bronchoscopy. The main contraindications are hypersensitivity, the period of pregnancy and lactation, peptic ulcer, bronchial asthma, arterial hypertension, as well as diseases of the liver and kidneys.
Mukomist is another drug based on the active ingredient acetylcysteine. Quickly dilutes sputum, increases its volume and accelerates its discharge. In pharmacies, the drug can be found in the form of granules for syrup, solution and suspension. Also available in ampoules for intravenous and intramuscular administration. Indications and contraindications - the same as Fluimutsila.
Other drug analogues, with a different active ingredient, but with a similar therapeutic effect include the following medications:
- Mukaltin and so forth
If it is necessary to replace, the choice of analogue is carried out by a doctor taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient.
Reviews on the use of antibiotic Fluimucil
According to the reviews, Fluimucil is considered a popular cough remedy for adults and children. As advantages note the variety of forms of the drug, ease of use and especially praise the children's form of the medicine in the form of a pleasant-tasting syrup.
Review number 1
My daughter is allergic, and with every cold you have to carefully select the list of drugs, sift out some effective drugs. Once again after ARVI she had an unpleasant cough. Giving syrup inside is fraught, so I had to look for another remedy. The doctor advised Fluimucil in the form of a solution for inhalation and injection.
After two days of use (they inhaled twice a day), the cough quickly went from dry to wet. The whole course lasted five days. One ampoule was used for one procedure. The only negative is the high cost. For one course had to pay about 500 rubles. On the other hand, the drug was very effective and did not cause allergic reactions.
Review number 2
Fluimucil in the form of effervescent tablets I buy whenever I have a dry, lingering cough. This is a very effective remedy, and after 2-3 applications, sputum begins to withdraw and the condition improves. I take one tablet per day, and after 5 days there is nothing left for coughing. The only thing that is not pleasant in this preparation is an unpleasant taste, but for the sake of such a result one can suffer.
The drug is designed for adults, but is also available in the form of a syrup, as well as a solution for inhalation and injection. My wife successfully treated her daughter for bronchitis with Fluimucil inhalations. No one of us noticed any side effects, but the result is always quick.
Review number 3
The son has adenoids, frequent catarrhal diseases are almost always accompanied by copious nasal discharge and cough. The ENT doctor prescribed various medications for us, but once again prescribed Fluimucil. It has a similar combined effect - it dilutes the sputum and destroys the bacteria.
In addition to a better price, I liked the effect of using the drug. Already on the second day of the use of the medicine, the child breathed his nose. She instilled the prepared medicinal mixture of antibiotic and water for injection through a pipette into each nostril. After 5 days, the runny nose was completely gone and his son's condition improved.