- 1 Drops Naphthyzinum - drug description
- 2 release form, composition
- 3 Indications
- 4 Instructions for use
- 5 Contraindications
- 6 Average prices
- 7 Analogs
- 8 Application Reviews
Instructions for use means Naphthyzinum indicates that this drug is intended for the treatment of rhinitis in adults and children. The use of therapeutic solution provides a quick and long-term therapeutic effect in many ENT diseases associated with rhinitis.
Naphthyzinum drops - a description of the drug
Naphthyzinum is a drug from the group of alpha adrenomimetics, which, when applied topically, has a pronounced vasoconstrictor action, quickly eliminates swelling of the mucous membranes and relieves a feeling of congestion for a long time the nose. The main active ingredient of the drug - naphazoline, stimulates alpha-adrenergic receptors, quickly narrows the vessels of the nasal mucosa. As a result, hyperemia, edema disappears, exudation of mucous membranes is reduced, nasal breathing is restored.
That is, the drug quickly and effectively relieves the condition of a head cold, removes the symptoms of congestion, increases the lumens in the nasal passages and maintains the therapeutic effect for a long time. Reviews on the use of Naphthyzin suggest that one morning instillation of the drug lasts almost half a day. During this time, a runny nose does not bother at all and the state of health remains normal.
Release form, composition
The composition of Naphthyzinum is a combination of the active substance - naphazoline with auxiliary components (boron acid and distilled water), which together provide the desired effect from the use drug. The treatment solution is a clear, colorless liquid with a faint odor of boric acid. The drug is available in the following forms:
- Naphthyzinum drops in the nose (0.05 and 0.1%);
- Naphthyzinum nasal spray (0.05 and 0.1%).
For the treatment of adult patients use the drug with a higher concentration of the active substance (0.1%). Children's form of Naphthyzinum contains 0.5 mg of naphazoline.
Nasal drops are produced in glass bottles of 5 and 10 ml, spray - in plastic bottles with a volume of 10,15,20 ml, equipped with a dropper complete with a spray tube.
Naphthyzinum is recommended for use in the following cases:
- manifestations of acute and chronic rhinitis;
- in acute or chronic sinusitis;
- for the treatment of the acute form of eustachitis;
- with all types of laryngitis;
- during rhinoscopy, in order to facilitate this process for the patient;
- in case of edema in the larynx or upper respiratory tract, developing due to allergic reactions or inflammatory processes;
- with hyperemia and inflammation of the mucous membranes in the nose due to surgical intervention in the nasopharynx.
In pediatrics Naphthyzinum does not find wide application because of the abundance of side effects. But it is still prescribed to children in order to relieve nasal bleeding, with the acute form of the common cold and inflammation of the paranasal sinuses.
In addition to the main indications, the drug is successfully used in ophthalmology as an auxiliary remedies in the treatment of chronic or bacterial conjunctivitis and asthenopic disorders character
Instructions for use
- Like any other remedies for the treatment of the common cold, this medicine is used exclusively intranasally.
- Adults are recommended to bury from one to four drops in each nostril three times a day, for 2-4 days.
- Naphthyzinum for children (0.05%) is used with the same frequency, the dosage of the drug in the treatment of children's rhinitis depends on the age of the patient. If the baby is from one to six years old, then the treatment regimen is as follows: 1-2 drops twice a day for no more than four days in a row. At the age of 6 to 15 years old - 2-3 drops from 2 to 3 times per day for 2-4 days. After 15 years of age, dosing and treatment schedules are the same as recommendations for adults.
- For the youngest patients, a solution of lower concentration (0.025%) is used, for which the children's form of the preparation is diluted with half distilled water. The maximum duration of treatment with this drug is 5 days. When using the drug over this period, the risk of addiction and other undesirable complications increases.
- In order to relieve nasal bleeding, cotton swabs impregnated with 0.05% Naphthyzinum are injected into the nasal cavity. Swabs twist into flagella and injected into the nostril for a few minutes, until the bleeding stops.
- Inhalation with Naphthyzinum can be carried out only after consultation with a specialist. Before the procedure, the drug should be pre-diluted with saline in a 1: 1 ratio.
If Naphthyzinum is used as part of a combination therapy for eye diseases, the dosage and method of use of the drug are exclusively administered by the attending physician. In ophthalmology, the drug is used for microbial conjunctivitis. For instillation use only 0.05% solution in a volume of 1-2 drops in each eye.
This remedy is not very suitable for the treatment of ophthalmologic pathologies; it may cause a feeling of dryness, soreness and eye pain. In addition, the pronounced vasoconstrictor effect of the drug contributes to an increase in intraocular pressure, and with frequent use it can provoke serious complications. Therefore, Naphthyzinum should be used for eyes only according to indications and under the supervision of an ophthalmologist.
The main contraindications to treatment with this drug are such pathologies as:
- hyperthyroidism at any stage;
- chronic rhinitis;
- chronic eye diseases and cataracts;
- atherosclerosis in severe form;
- age under one year.
The drug can not be used in case of hypersensitivity to its components. It is forbidden to appoint Naphthyzinum simultaneously with the intake of MAO inhibitors and within 2 weeks after their cancellation.
Naphthyzinum can be used during pregnancy, but before treating a runny nose with its help, you should consult with your doctor. As they say numerous reviews, during the childbearing application of these drops often causes such side effects as jumps pressure, nausea, severe dizziness, local allergic rash, and more, which adversely affects the overall health of the pregnant women.
To contraindications can be attributed to adverse events that occur during the treatment of rhinitis with this drug. For example, severe headaches, redness of the mucous membranes, dryness and pain inside the nose, bouts of tachycardia and pressure surges. The appearance of such symptoms indicates a personal intolerance to this drug.
Among other adverse reactions to the drug, such manifestations as reactive hyperemia, tachycardia, severe headache, increased blood pressure are possible. In this case, treatment should be stopped immediately and a different preparation should be selected with the help of an otolaryngologist.
Naphthyzinum should not be used for a long time (more than 7 days). Prolonged use threatens irritation and swelling of the mucous and increases the likelihood of atrophic rhinitis.
Addiction to naphthyzin
Prolonged use of Naphthyzinum can be addictive and dependent on this medication. A patient using a cure for a cold for several months can no longer breathe normally without the use of drops. This is due to the fact that the vessels gradually adapt to the action of the active substance and stop responding to it. As a result, the therapeutic effect does not last long and to achieve it requires an increasing amount of the drug.
Prolonged use of Naphthyzin negatively affects the condition of the mucous membrane - slows down the process of cleaning the nasal cavity, the ability to sense and recognize odors is deteriorating, there is a feeling of burning, dryness and irritation mucous membrane. Against the background of circulatory disorders of the mucous membranes, persistent headaches, weakness, irritability and nervousness occur.
Many patients who "sat down" on Naphthyzinum hardly refuse to use the drug. A particularly difficult period is the first three days, since dependence on the drug is comparable with the effect of the drug on the body. In the future, the patient is recommended to completely abandon the use of vasoconstrictor drugs, replacing them with safer remedies for the common cold based on natural ingredients or sea water. Over time, impaired mucosal functions, as well as the ability of vessels to expand, will recover.
The drug is sold freely, without a prescription from a doctor, the average price for it is from 20 to 50 rubles. A plastic bottle of baby form Naphthyzine (0.05%) with a nominal volume of 10 ml costs between 20 and 40 rubles. The price of the drug for adults per bottle (0.1%) with a volume of 20 ml - from 40 to 50 rubles.
The shelf life of the drug is 3 years. When buying you need to pay attention to the absence of sediment, since its presence indicates a violation of the storage conditions of the drug and unsuitable for use.
Quite often, the medicine is sold "at reduced prices" for a stock held in the pharmacy chain. When buying such a medicine, you should carefully check the expiration date. Typically, the cost of the drug is reduced to 10 rubles per bottle in cases where the shelf life is less than a month.
Naphthyzinum, like any other medicine, has a number of analogues. Among the preparations containing the same active ingredient, drugs such as:
- Sanorin with eucalyptus oil.
Among other analogues that have a similar therapeutic effect, can be called drugs:
- Aqua Maris,
- Aqualore baby,
- Rinostop and others
All of the above tools are much more expensive drops Naphthyzinum, moreover, the range of contraindications they have wider and the degree of addiction is much higher. Therefore, to replace Naphthyzin drops with one of its analogues does not make sense, except for cases of individual intolerance to the drug.
Drops Naphthyzinum are familiar to me since childhood. With colds, accompanied by a persistent runny nose, the drug helped to breathe normally and relieve nasal congestion. After instillation, the nasal passages were cleaned and all unpleasant symptoms disappeared. But to get involved in this tool is not worth it, because it develops addiction.
If I now have symptoms of a runny nose, then in the daytime I get around softer and safer sprays or drops on the basis of sea water, which eliminate puffiness. And I use Naphthyzinum for the night, as it has a longer therapeutic effect, which allows you to sleep well all night. But in the case of chronic rhinitis, I would recommend Loromax remedy.
Angelina, Nizhny Novgorod
Review number 2
Previously, often used spray Naphthyzinum, it is well helps to eliminate the cold. But lately I suffer from the fact that the nose is constantly stuffed, it is difficult to breathe, the mucous membrane dries out. Apparently, he used this tool for too long, as a result, the usual doses have no effect.
I had to go to the doctor for an appointment in order to find a reliable preparation for a cold. There I learned that addiction is easy to develop to Naphthyzin, and it can be used for no more than 5 days in a row. Now it is necessary to treat the mucosa and recover from the incorrect use of Naphthyzinum. So even a runny nose requires the right approach. It is better to first consult with your doctor and only then buy the drug.
Review number 3
Naphthyzinum drops are not bad, they were prescribed for the treatment of a cold in a child. After burying, the spout was immediately cleaned, and the baby could breathe freely. Here you can only use them for 5-7 days, otherwise complications are possible.
But by this time the symptoms of rhinitis usually become less pronounced and in the future you can use the already soft drops of children from the common cold, for example, Aqualore baby. They contain sea water, which eliminates puffiness well and does not cause side effects.