Miscellaneous

Dexamethasone tablets. Price, instructions for use, reviews

Dexamethasone is an effective drug from the group of glucocorticosteroids, which has pronounced anti-inflammatory and antihistaminic properties.

It is available in different dosage forms, but it is often prescribed as a tablet. Their price is affordable, and their properties help to quickly eliminate the symptoms of many diseases. The wide field of application makes the medicine universal for patients of different ages.

Record content:

  • 1 Terms of dispensing from pharmacies, drug price
  • 2 Composition, release form
  • 3 Operating principle
  • 4 Indications and contraindications for use, recommendations for pregnancy and hepatitis B
  • 5 Instructions for use
    • 5.1 For allergies
    • 5.2 With oncology
    • 5.3 With bronchitis
    • 5.4 With pneumonia
    • 5.5 With conjunctivitis
    • 5.6 With osteochondrosis
    • 5.7 With coronavirus
  • 6 For children
  • 7 Some analogues, prices
  • 8 Terms and conditions of storage
  • 9 Video about Dexamethasone

Terms of dispensing from pharmacies, drug price

The medication is dispensed at different pharmacy points after presenting a certified prescription from a doctor. This is considered an important point and helps prevent various disorders against the background of independent uncontrolled use.

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The cost of the product depends on the specific pharmacy and the region of distribution. The price can also differ depending on the manufacturer, as the medicine is produced by different pharmaceutical companies in different countries. The cost starts from 50 rubles. per packing.

Composition, release form

The drug is available to patients in the form of tablets for oral administration. It can also be found in the form of a parenteral solution and eye drops. Usually, tablets are used in the middle or mild stage of the disease. They are packaged in standard foil plastic plates of 10 pieces. The tablets are small and white in color, round in shape.

There are also blisters, which can contain more than 10 tablets. A cardboard package contains 1 plate or several, which also depends on the manufacturer. A description is attached to them, which details all the nuances of therapy and complications that arise in case of violation of the instructions.

In the composition of any dosage form, there is a substance dexamethasone sodium phosphate, which has the main effect.

The tablet form also contains auxiliary components:

  • Microcrystalline cellulose.
  • Lactose in the form of monohydrate.
  • Magnesium stearate.
  • Silica.
  • Croscarmellose.Dexamethasone tablets. Instructions for use, price, reviews

These substances have no medicinal properties. The amount of active ingredient per 1 tablet is 0.5 mg.

Operating principle

Dexamethasone in tablets (the price of the drug is considered quite affordable), like other drugs form of the drug, has anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressive and anti-allergic properties.

The principle of action of the agent is based on the ability of the main substance to affect cytoplasmic receptors. The component enters into a bond with them and stimulates the synthesis of some important substances in the body.

The drug suppresses the activity of cells of the immune system, which leads to the elimination of acute symptoms of an allergic reaction. This is due to the fact that manifestations occur against the background of the activation of the immune system, and its suppression leads to an improvement in the condition. Such an action is important for patients who cannot eliminate the symptoms of allergies of various origins with the help of other antiallergic agents.

The drug has anti-shock properties, prevents a critical decrease in blood pressure indicators against the background of painful shock and some other disorders.

Other properties of the drug ensure its high efficiency:

  • Improves the condition of blood vessels, makes them less permeable, which helps to get rid of tissue swelling due to allergies or injuries.
  • Stimulates cell regeneration and prevents the progression of bone and cartilage diseases. Patients with systemic diseases notice improvement almost immediately after starting treatment.
  • Promotes strengthening of cell membranes, prevents their damage.
  • Prevents the progression of lymphoid tissue diseases.
  • Normalizes the metabolism of proteins in the body, which helps prevent kidney pathology.
  • Decreases the rate of glucose processing. This is especially important for patients with diabetes mellitus.
  • Prevents intensive excretion of calcium from bones and other tissues.

Despite the effectiveness of the drug, it retains sodium in the body, which leads to an increase in blood pressure. In a state of shock, this effect is important, but in some other disorders it can only aggravate the condition of patients.

When taken orally, the medicine is quickly and almost completely absorbed in the body. The bioavailability indicator reaches 80%, which is considered a fairly good result.

The maximum concentration of the ingredient in the blood after absorption in the small intestine is reached after 2 hours. In this case, the substance accumulates in a minimal amount in the blood and tissues. After using a single therapeutic dose, the concentration in the blood remains for 2-3 days.

Dexamethasone tablets. Instructions for use, price, reviews
The mechanism of action of glucocorticosteroids, which is Dexamethasone tablets

The drug penetrates not only into cells, but also into the intracellular space, which is considered an advantage and provides high efficiency. The main amount of the component is processed in the liver, but metabolism also occurs in the kidneys and some other tissues.

The excretion of decay products is carried out with the help of the kidneys, the excretion period takes no more than 3 days. The rate of evacuation of components depends on the characteristics of the patient's organism. With damage to the liver or kidneys, it can be prolonged, which has almost no effect on the therapeutic effect.

Indications and contraindications for use, recommendations for pregnancy and hepatitis B

Dexamethasone can be used for various disorders, and its price allows patients to complete a full course.

The tablet is usually prescribed for the treatment of the following disorders:

  • Shock due to trauma, administration of certain medications or acute allergies to any foods.
  • Swelling of the brain due to trauma or other changes.
  • Pathologies of bone and cartilage tissue, accompanied by an inflammatory process, pain and degenerative-dystrophic changes. The drug can be used for arthrosis and rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis or osteochondrosis at different stages of development.
  • Acute and chronic form of dermatitis, dermatosis, psoriasis and some other dermatological pathologies. The drug helps to eliminate acute manifestations in the case when other drugs do not improve the patient's condition.
  • Diagnosis of insufficiency of the adrenal glands, as well as pathologies of the thyroid gland.
  • Obstructive bronchitis at different stages of development. The drug helps prevent the development of respiratory failure and other complications that arise in patients with a long course of the disease.
  • Bronchial asthma. The tool is used in combination with other medicines during periods of exacerbation or in order to prevent the development of complications.
  • Respiratory failure against the background of progression of bronchitis. Pneumonia or coronavirus infection. With such violations, the agent is used to normalize the condition.
  • Severe allergic diseases that are rapidly progressing, and the symptoms are not relieved with conventional antihistamines.
  • Diagnosis of benign and malignant tumors. The drug is usually used in case of complications in the form of a critical decrease in blood pressure indicators.

Dexamethasone tablets. Instructions for use, price, reviewsDifferent dosage forms of the drug can be used for conjunctivitis of allergic origin, as well as some other disorders.

Do not prescribe a remedy when detecting intolerance to the main or auxiliary components of the composition. During the period of gestation and breastfeeding, the medicine is used only for health reasons. This means that the tablets are not used, but the solution can be administered parenterally and used in short courses.

Dexamethasone in tablets, the price of which is affordable for most patients, is rarely used when there is a threat to the patient's life. Experts draw the attention of patients to the fact that the only absolute contraindication for therapy by means of short courses for vital indications is considered intolerance to the components composition.

However, the systemic use of pills has other obstacles:

  • Severe form of renal or hepatic failure in acute form.
  • Digestive tract pathologies in the acute stage. With ulcerative lesions of the mucous membranes, as well as gastritis, acute cholecystitis, the drug can provoke complications.
  • A complicated form of osteoporosis, in which there is an intense leaching of calcium from the bone tissue.
  • Acute psychosis, chronic mental disorders.
  • Diabetes mellitus in severe form.
  • Launched course of pathologies of the cardiovascular system, accompanied by tachycardia, arrhythmia and pain in the heart.
  • Diagnosis of myasthenia gravis is different at different stages of development.

The drug is not prescribed for internal bleeding against the background of lesions of the mucous membranes of the digestive tract. The condition can be aggravated by taking pills.

Violation of the instructions will certainly provoke various complications from the internal organs. They can manifest as a critical increase in blood pressure, tachycardia, headache.

If complications appear, you should refuse treatment and consult a doctor. Prescription of medications may be required to normalize the condition. If the appointment of tablets to women during lactation is required, it is worth refusing to feed for the entire period of treatment.

Instructions for use

The drug is taken orally in the dosage prescribed by the doctor. It may differ depending on the disease. The standard regimen assumes taking from 1 to 5 tablets per day. The specific dose depends on the degree of neglect of the disease. The drug is used at regular intervals in the case of a high dose.Dexamethasone tablets. Instructions for use, price, reviews

Taking pills does not depend on food intake, but it is important to drink them with a sufficient amount of liquid. The duration of treatment is 5-10 days, it is determined in each case individually.

For allergies

Dexamethasone in tablets (the price of the product depends on the amount in the package) in the event of an acute allergy is not prescribed, since it does not help to quickly eliminate acute manifestations. In the first 2 days, a solution is usually shown, after which a short course of pill therapy is prescribed.

The daily dosage is usually 1-2 tablets, which are taken at any time of the day, depending on when severe symptoms appear. Usually, the drug is not used for more than 7 days, but in some cases the treatment can be extended up to 10 days.

With oncology

With oncological pathologies, tablets are used only in the absence of severe complications. In other cases, a solution is indicated.

The tablets are taken in short courses of 1-2 weeks, depending on the condition. The daily dosage is 2-4 tablets. With improvement, it can be reduced, with an exacerbation of symptoms, the specialist increases the rate and monitors the patient's condition. Repeated courses can be carried out after a 4-6 week break if necessary.

With bronchitis

In most cases, the drug is prescribed in combination with mucolytic agents in order to increase the effectiveness of therapy and prevent the aggravation of symptoms. The daily dosage does not exceed 2 tablets in most cases.Dexamethasone tablets. Instructions for use, price, reviews

They are usually taken in combination with other remedies in the morning and evening. The duration of treatment rarely exceeds 10 days. Only in some cases, the application lasts 14 days, but the doctor makes the decision to extend the course based on the examination data.

With pneumonia

As with obstructive bronchitis, when diagnosing pneumonia, the drug is used in combination with other drugs as part of a comprehensive treatment. The daily dosage is 2-3 tablets.

The specific rate in each case is determined depending on the patient's condition and the degree of neglect of the condition. Treatment lasts no more than 2 weeks. When an improvement occurs, the pills can be canceled after 5-7 days.

With conjunctivitis

In the case of the development of conjunctivitis, the drug in the form of tablets is not used, since it does not have pronounced properties and does not have a local effect.

Usually, eye drops are prescribed for conjunctivitis. However, in the case of the addition of local allergic manifestations, it is allowed to supplement the therapy with taking pills for 4-7 days. The daily dosage does not exceed 2 tablets, which are consumed 1 piece in the morning and in the evening.

With osteochondrosis

Treatment of acute and chronic osteochondrosis is carried out using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. But it can often be supplemented with the use of glucocorticosteroids in the form of Dexamethasone tablets.

The daily dosage during therapy does not exceed 3 tablets, it is divided into 3 times during the day, taken at approximately equal time intervals. Treatment lasts no more than 2 weeks, and it is usually repeated 2 to 4 times a year if the course of the disease is chronic.

With coronavirus

To date, there is insufficient evidence that the remedy helps treat mild forms of coronavirus infection. However, in severe cases, when signs of respiratory distress are present and the patient needs artificial ventilation of the lungs, the drug can alleviate the condition and helps prevent the development of severe complications.Dexamethasone tablets. Instructions for use, price, reviews

But tablets in the acute stage are not used, which is associated with an increased risk of complications when swallowed. A patient in an acute stage is injected with a solution intravenously or intramuscularly at a certain dosage.

For children

Dexamethasone in tablets (the price of the medication may differ depending on the dosage form) is not used in the treatment of children and adolescents. For health reasons, for example, in acute cerebral edema, shock or urticaria, a solution that is administered parenterally can be used.

At home, the medicine is not used, especially in the form of tablets. For children and adolescents, only a doctor prescribes it.

Some analogues, prices

In some cases, the original medication cannot be used for one reason or another. Then the patient is prescribed a substitute, which often has a different composition, but has similar properties.

Analogue Peculiarities Price
Dexazon Dexamethasone-based drug, which is available in tablet form and as a solution for parenteral administration. The drug has the same properties, eliminates the acute symptoms of many diseases and prevents severe complications in allergies, shock, and other disorders. The cost of the medicine starts from 50 rubles. and depends on the specific form.
Prednisolone A corticosteroid based on the active ingredient of the same name. Available in different dosage forms, for example, in the form of tablets and solution for parenteral administration. The remedy is considered quite effective, helps to quickly eliminate symptoms, but more often provokes complications. The cost of the medicine starts from 30 rubles. and depends on the form of release, the amount in the package.

The choice of an analogue is carried out only by a doctor on the basis of examination and examination data.

Terms and conditions of storage

The drug should be stored for no longer than 2 years. At the same time, it is important to prevent moisture, direct sunlight from entering the package, and keep it out of the reach of children.

After the expiration date, the use of the drug is contraindicated. You can specify the date of manufacture on the packaging.

Dexamethasone is an effective glucocorticosteroid tablet that is actively prescribed to patients with various diseases. The price of the medicine is affordable, which allows patients to undergo a full course if necessary. Use only as directed is considered the best way to prevent complications.

Video about Dexamethasone

Instructions for the use of Dexamethasone:

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