Melatonin is a substance, which is normally produced in the body and is a serotonin derivative. Many experts and people outside of medicine call melatonin "sleep hormone" because it improves it and prevents various disorders of neurological origin.
The substance is available in tablets, its benefits and harms to the body are being studied, but positive properties have been proven when used correctly.
- 1 What is Melatonin?
2 What are the health benefits of melatonin?
- 2.1 To normalize sleep
- 2.2 Increased life expectancy
- 2.3 Slimming
- 2.4 Effects on libido
- 2.5 Effect on testosterone concentration
- 2.6 Relationship with prolactin
- 2.7 Effect on growth hormone
3 Effects of the drug
- 3.1 Antioxidant effect
- 3.2 Antineoplastic effect
- 3.3 Stimulating effect
- 3.4 Calming effect
- 3.5 Adaptogenic properties
- 4 Potential harm
- 5 Composition of Melatonin tablets
- 6 Pharmacological properties
- 7 Indications for use
- 8 Contraindications
- 9 Admission rules
- 10 Recommended dosages of melatonin tablets, instructions for use
- 11 Taking melatonin in the form of sports nutrition
- 12 Side effects
- 13 Melatonin preparations and their cost
14 Answers to frequently asked questions
- 14.1 Does melatonin prolong life?
- 14.2 Does melatonin increase sexual performance?
- 14.3 If melatonin has a hangover effect, how about sleeping pills?
- 14.4 How long can melatonin be used?
- 14.5 What time can you take melatonin?
- 14.6 Can melatonin be given to children?
- 14.7 Can Melatonin be taken during pregnancy?
- 15 Video about Melatonin tablets
What is Melatonin?
Melatonin is a hormonal substance that is produced in the body and has pronounced properties. After synthesizing, the component enters the bloodstream and circulates through the systemic circulation, providing various effects on the work of internal organs and systems.
At different times of the day, the concentration of the hormone is different. The largest number is detected at night. In most cases, melatonin peaks at around 2 am. In the morning and daytime, the amount of the hormone gradually decreases, and in the evening it rises.
What are the health benefits of melatonin?
The hormonal component has various properties. Its health benefits for patients have been proven by numerous studies.
To normalize sleep
The drug somewhat reduces the activity of the brain centers, prevents its increase during the entire night period. This ensures a normal night's sleep and prevents anxiety during the process.
Many patients, after the start of admission, note an easy transition to sleep, the absence of anxiety in the limbs, which is observed in some neurological disorders.
Increased life expectancy
Melatonin in tablets (the benefits and harms for the body are being studied by specialists today) slows down the processes aging, which can prevent the development of various diseases against the background of natural age-related changes.
There is not enough evidence that the component actually increases lifespan. Usually, taking the drug is associated with prolonging life, since the component improves the work of internal organs, slows down the aging process of tissues. This explains the increase in life expectancy.
Melatonin improves metabolic processes. This leads to weight loss as a result of the normalization of the processing of food components.
You should not expect an instant result when taking a pill, but adherence to the principles of a healthy diet, exercise improves the effect. Taking melatonin alone does not significantly improve weight.
Effects on libido
With the normalization of sleep and the improvement of the functioning of organs and systems, an increase in sexual activity is observed. However, the substance does not significantly affect the amount of sex hormones.
An increase in libido occurs as a result of the normalization of hormonal levels, as well as the restoration of the patient's strength during normal deep sleep.
Effect on testosterone concentration
Melatonin products can increase the concentration of testosterone in the blood, which is provided by the normalization of hormonal balance. When examining blood parameters, experts note a slight increase in the concentration of the sex hormone. However, this effect does not appear so often.
Relationship with prolactin
Melatonin slightly improves prolactin synthesis in women. The drug in tablets can be used to increase the concentration of this hormone in the body. Its benefits have been proven by many years of research, and the substance can only cause harm if the instructions are violated.
The production of prolactin occurs mainly at night, so deep restful sleep improves synthesis.
Effect on growth hormone
The component has no significant effect on growth hormone. But doctors are identifying the relationship between proper deep sleep and the production of growth hormone.
When melatonin is taken, this process is improved, which leads to an accelerated growth of the patient.
Effects of the drug
Taking the drug in tablet form allows you to achieve a pronounced therapeutic result if it is used as directed by a doctor in case of indications.
The drug provides an antioxidant effect, since it not only inhibits the aging of cells and tissues, but also stimulates their renewal. As a result, the general condition improves, the progression of diseases stops.
To date, there is not enough data on the antitumor properties of the drug. But in some cases, there is a positive effect on the patient's body when it is taken. Depending on the severity of the condition, the effect may differ.
Melatonin-based drugs do not have a pronounced stimulating effect on the central nervous system. However, improved sleep leads to improved mental performance, which can be compared to stimulant properties.
These properties include the ability of funds to stimulate the production of some important hormones.
The most pronounced effect of melatonin is sedative. The remedy improves the functioning of the brain, reduces the activity of some centers responsible for wakefulness.
This ensures deep, restful sleep and also prevents the appearance of signs of anxiety and anxiety.
Melatonin-based drugs help the body adapt to external and internal changes. They increase the defenses and prevent the development of diseases against the background of changing external conditions.
Melatonin tablets (the benefits and harms of the funds for the body should be studied before taking them) can provoke complications, especially if the instructions are violated.
The main harm of the component is that it can suppress the activity of certain brain centers. This leads to increased sleepiness. Other complications occur in most cases when instructions are violated.
Composition of Melatonin tablets
Various pharmaceutical companies offer products that contain melatonin. The amount of substance in each tablet can be from 5 mg, but there are products in which the dosage is increased to 12 mg.
The first option is considered more suitable and safer for patients, helps to improve the condition and prevent the development of complications against the background of constant administration in high doses.
Tablets usually contain auxiliary ingredients:
- Magnesium stearate.
- Stearic acid.
Auxiliary ingredients do not have therapeutic properties, the main action is due to the presence of melatonin in the composition. Tablets can be packaged in blisters or plastic bottles, the amount of the product in the package differs depending on the manufacturer.
The drug has mild sedative and antioxidant properties, making it effective and relatively safe when taken correctly. The tool stops aging processes, stimulates the restoration of cells of internal organs.
This helps to stop the progression of the disease, prevents the development of complications. The drug normalizes sleep, makes it calm and deep. After awakening, the patient feels a surge of strength, there is an acceleration of the processes of tissue regeneration, especially if they are damaged.
Normalization of sleep and good rest helps to establish hormonal levels, which has a beneficial effect on the work of the organs of the reproductive system.
Medicines based on melatonin stimulate metabolic processes, which has a positive effect on the endocrine system, and prevents disorders of the endocrine glands.
In patients, the risk of developing diabetes mellitus decreases, and body weight decreases. Normalization of metabolic processes leads to an improvement in digestion and tissue condition due to the intake of nutrients.
Other properties of the agent are also noted:
- The drug improves the state of the nervous system, prevents the development of depression, apathy and psychoemotional disorders.
- Reduces the frequency of headache attacks.
- Improves brain function.
- Increases performance, both mental and physical.
- Stimulates the immune forces.
Due to the complex effect of the components on the patient's body, an improvement in the general condition is noted. The severity of positive reactions may differ in each patient.
Indications for use
Melatonin tablets (the benefits and harms for patients are explained by the chemical composition) are indicated for patients with various disorders:
- Sleep disturbance on the background of psychoemotional disorders.
- Persistent insomnia with various accompanying disorders.
- Weakening of the immune system, accompanied by frequent colds and viral diseases.
- Anxiety-depressive disorders.
- Adaptive disorders.
- Increased blood cholesterol levels.
- Mild arterial hypertension, in which blood pressure indicators increase slightly.
- Weakness and fatigue.
The tool can also be used as a biologically active food supplement for professional athletes, but the decision is made on a case-by-case basis.
Substance-based products are not used if signs of intolerance or acute allergy to the components are detected.
Other barriers to therapy include:
- Myeloma at different stages.
- Diagnosing epilepsy with frequent seizures.
- Identification of severe diabetes mellitus.
- The period of gestation and lactation.
- The patient's age is up to 16 years.
- Autoimmune pathologies in which there is a deterioration in the general condition.
- Lymphoma and Leukemia.
Drugs are used with caution in the treatment of elderly patients, which is associated with a deterioration in the functioning of internal organs and systems.
The tool is used only as directed by a specialist, as well as after a preliminary diagnostic examination. This helps to determine the optimal dosage and duration of the course for each patient. After receiving the diagnostic results, the doctor prescribes a treatment regimen.
Usually, experts recommend taking melatonin-based drugs for no longer than 1 month in a row, which will avoid overdose and the development of complications against the background of the use of the medication. It is recommended to take the product in the evening to avoid drowsiness and weakness during the day.
For insomnia, neurological disorders, the drug is taken about 15-20 minutes before bedtime. It is forbidden to increase the prescribed dosage or course duration. This can provoke severe complications from internal organs and systems.
Recommended dosages of melatonin tablets, instructions for use
The daily dosage of the drug depends on the characteristics of the patient's body, as well as the neglect of the symptoms of a particular disorder, the level of component deficiency in the blood. Usually, from 5 to 10 mg of the drug is prescribed. The standard dose is 5 mg, but in acute deficiency it doubles.
Reception is allowed to be combined with food intake, while it is important to take a large amount of liquid to improve the dissolution and absorption of components in the digestive tract.
After the end of the therapeutic course, the specialist evaluates the result of the application, a second course is allowed to be carried out after 3 months.
Taking melatonin in the form of sports nutrition
The tool is often used to improve the effectiveness of training in professional athletes. This is due to the ability of the funds to improve the state of the nervous system, as well as normalize sleep.
As a result, physical activity and strength increase, and the growth of muscle mass is accelerated. That is why professional athletes take the medicine as prescribed in standard dosages. Reception continues no longer than 4 weeks, but only in the absence of contraindications and negative reactions.
Disorders from the internal organs when taking the drug develop quite often. They can appear even if the instructions are followed, but if the recommendations are violated, they develop much more often.
Patients talk about:
- pain in the stomach and intestines;
- upset stool;
In this case, there is a violation of digestion, heartburn and nausea. In severe cases, the condition is accompanied by vomiting, frequent diarrhea. Adverse reactions can manifest as depression, apathy, and frequent mood swings.
Some people talk about allergic manifestations, accompanied by a rash, itching and irritation. In the absence of therapy, the symptoms are aggravated, which leads to concomitant disorders, requiring special assistance.
The appearance of negative reactions is considered a reason for contacting a doctor who prescribes appropriate therapy to improve the condition.
Melatonin preparations and their cost
Melatonin tablets (the benefits and harms of the component are currently being studied, despite the availability of a sufficient amount of information) is produced by various pharmaceutical companies. Depending on the manufacturer, the amount of medicine in the package and the dose of the active ingredient may differ.
There are several proven tools that are used most often, they have pronounced properties:
|Product name||Features and cost|
|Vita-melatonin||A tablet formulation from an American pharmaceutical company that contains 3 mg of the active ingredient and is prescribed when it is deficient in the body. The price of the product differs in different regions and pharmacies, but the average cost is approximately 300-500 rubles.|
|Melarhythm||The tablets are produced by a Russian company and help to fill the deficiency of the substance in the body. Each tablet contains 3 mg of melatonin. The price of the drug is 200-300 rubles.|
|Circadin||A medicine from Switzerland, which also contains melatonin in the amount of 2 mg per 1 tablet. It is taken internally when diagnosing a deficiency and developing negative reactions against this background. The price of the tool is 930-1100 rubles.|
|Melaxen||American-made tablets containing 3 mg of the active ingredient. The drug is prescribed for a deficiency of a substance and the development of pathologies against the background of this condition. You can buy the product in pharmacies for about 650-700 rubles.|
The cost of a medicine is not considered a reason for taking it. In each case, a specific medicine is selected individually.
Answers to frequently asked questions
Many patients are interested in the peculiarities of using the drug, therefore they ask the doctor various questions.
Does melatonin prolong life?
The remedy is not able to affect life expectancy if the patient only takes pills, but does not adhere to the principles of a healthy lifestyle. However, combining several methods with taking a supplement helps to somewhat improve the condition and slow down the aging process.
That is why patients believe that the remedy affects life expectancy.
Does melatonin increase sexual performance?
It is noted that when taking the drug, the hormonal balance is normalized. This can lead to increased libido. Despite this, this effect is not observed in all patients.
If melatonin has a hangover effect, how about sleeping pills?
Some patients, with prolonged use of the drug, note a kind of hangover syndrome after waking up. Symptoms usually disappear after stopping the use of pills. These reactions are less common. Despite this, patients are afraid of the use of pills.
How long can melatonin be used?
The medicine is allowed to be taken for 1 month. A longer admission should only be prescribed by a doctor on an individual basis. This need rarely arises.
For prophylactic purposes, the drug is also taken no longer than 1 month.
What time can you take melatonin?
The best effect is achieved when using the product in the evening. Reception at other times can provoke negative reactions, and also worsens the general condition.
Can melatonin be given to children?
Experts strongly discourage the use of melatonin-based drugs for patients under 16 years of age. Some manufacturers allow admission to patients over 12 years of age. However, in each case, the decision is made only by the doctor based on the diagnostic data.
Can Melatonin be taken during pregnancy?
It is forbidden to use the product throughout the entire period of gestation. This can provoke complications, impaired fetal development and disorders in the mother. During lactation, the agent is also not used.
Experts do not recommend taking the medication even to patients who are planning a pregnancy. Melatonin is an important component of hormonal origin, which is available to patients in tablets, helping to replenish the deficiency in the body.
The benefits of drugs have been proven by research, and they can bring harm if instructions are violated or used without a preliminary diagnostic examination.
Video about Melatonin tablets
Melatonin - what is it? How to sleep? Sleep hormone: