- Indicator is normal
- Why is it going down to 110 g / l
- Methods for increasing the indicator
- With iron deficiency
- With vitamin deficiency
- For chronic diseases
- With hereditary diseases
- Traditional methods
- Video about hemoglobin
Hemoglobin is an important part of red blood cells, red blood cells. The protein complex concentration is a standard part of every blood test. The level in both men and women is expressed in units, for example, 110 g / l, or 11 g / dc.
Hemoglobin in the pulmonary vessels absorbs oxygen from the air that a person breathes, carries it through the bloodstream throughout the body and releases it into tissue cells. The oxygenated protein complex is called oxyhemoglobin, once it has released all the O 2 molecules, it is called deoxyhemoglobin. When excreted, it can absorb carbon dioxide from the body, which then returns to the small vessels of the lungs.
Indicator is normal
The normal value of the indicator depends primarily on gender and age. In women, the level of hemoglobin in the blood is normally 120-160 g / l.
In medicine, there are 3 degrees of the presence of hemoglobin in the body:
- Severe - the level of hemoglobin in the blood is less than 80 g / l.
- Medium - the presence ranges from 108 to 110 g / l.
- Light - hemoglobin is in the range of 110 - 120 g / l.
Why is it going down to 110 g / l
A woman's hemoglobin 110 is considered not very low, but it needs to be controlled with iron supplements. It is necessary to find out the reasons for the decrease, since a small amount of iron in the blood reduces the body's resistance to infections.
Mild to moderate anemia is normal during pregnancy. During this period, the amount of blood produced by the body increases by up to 30%, which means that more iron is required to produce enough hemoglobin. This is especially common in the II and III trimesters.
A decline in normal readings indicates anemia, but not the cause. To clarify it, it is necessary to determine additional parameters of erythrocytes.
Causes of diseases with anemia:
- Iron deficiency anemia (common in young women).
- Disturbances in the synthesis of globin chains (thalassemia, sickle cell anemia).
- Chronic diseases (such as cancer, chronic inflammation, or infectious diseases).
- Folic acid deficiency or vitamin B12 deficiency.
A woman's hemoglobin drops to 110 when bleeding because the body cannot produce new red blood cells quickly enough. If hemoglobin is low, fewer oxygen molecules enter the body.
This can be seen in the following ways:
- Fatigue from work.
- Pallor, especially of the mucous membranes.
- Rapid heartbeat (tachycardia).
- Dizziness, drowsiness.
However, all of these symptoms are common complaints that can arise in connection with many other medical conditions. Therefore, their presence does not necessarily mean low hemoglobin levels.
When identifying the cause, individual factors, such as age, should be considered. Older people can definitely have Hb values that are slightly below the limits, but this is not a pathology.
If the hemoglobin level is too low, the doctor must find the reason for the decrease.
To do this, he needs laboratory indicators:
- the average content of hemoglobin in the erythrocyte (MCH);
- mean corpuscular volume (MCV);
- blood test: measurement of hematocrit, hemoglobin, the number of red blood cells, ferritin, reticulocytes, indicators of inflammation.
If the cause of the anemia remains unclear, additional tests are needed:
- biochemical blood test (direct and indirect bilirubin, concentration of vitamin B12 and iron, serum iron-clotting ability);
- bone marrow diagnostics.
Methods for increasing the indicator
Hemoglobin 110 in a woman is based on reasons that are associated with a deficiency of iron or vitamins. In some cases, chronic or hereditary diseases affect the decline. Treatment for anemia depends on the underlying problem and its severity.
With iron deficiency
This type of anemia is usually treated with iron supplements and dietary changes. Therapy in adults involves the use of iron at least 120 mg per day for 3 months. An increase in hemoglobin level by 1 g / dc after one month of treatment indicates an adequate response to therapy and confirms the diagnosis. Iron supplements should be continued for 3 months after the anemia is corrected to ensure that iron stores are replenished.
Oral iron preparations (in tablets, drops, syrup, solution) are the starting treatment for mild anemia:
|Sobrifer||1-2 pills once a day.|
|Ferretab||2-3 capsules once a day.|
|Maltofer||3 tablets per day.|
|Tardiferon||1 tablet 1-2 times a day.|
Iron supplements are taken 1 hour before meals or 2 hours after the last meal. Together with the drugs, it is recommended to take vitamin C, succinic acid or honey. Doses are prescribed by the doctor, depending on the symptoms, but, as a rule, no more than 150-300 mg of iron is prescribed per day. In a hospital setting, injections of iron-containing drugs are used: Likfer, Venofer.
With vitamin deficiency
Low levels of vitamin B-12 and folate, another B vitamin, are a common cause of vitamin deficiency anemia. This type of disorder is associated with impaired absorption of the vitamin in the intestines, metabolic disorders, vegetarianism, and chronic alcoholism.
For treatment, injectable drugs are used:
- Cyanocobalamin. Daily 1 mg intramuscularly for 7-14 days.
- Oxycobalamin. Daily for 2 weeks, 0.1 mg / m.
For 4-5 weeks, drugs are injected intramuscularly, and then a maintenance course of these drugs in the form of tablets is recommended. Folic acid is prescribed when laboratory tests are available to determine the cause of the anemia.
For chronic diseases
Long-term or chronic illness can also cause anemia:
- kidney disorders;
- some types of cancer;
- autoimmune disease;
- chronic infections;
- diseases of the liver, thyroid gland.
The inflammatory processes that develop in disease prevent the body from using the iron it needs to make healthy red blood cells. Inflammation suppresses the production of a hormone in the kidneys that signals the bone marrow to make more red blood cells. The condition of the blood will improve when the disease causing the anemia is successfully treated.
With hereditary diseases
Parents with certain genes can pass on anemia to their children.
There are many types of hereditary anemia, but they are usually grouped into 2 categories:
- Hemolytic. This is a condition in which red blood cells break down too quickly. Sickle cell anemia and thalassemia fall into this group. Treatment is tailored to the individual patient based on their specific anemia, symptoms and severity.
- Syndromes of hereditary bone marrow insufficiency. These are rare conditions in which the bone marrow does not produce enough blood cells, including red blood cells. Specific conditions include aplastic anemia and Fanconi anemia. Some patients may eventually develop leukemia or another type of cancer.
Each type of hereditary anemia is treated differently, but in all cases the doctor monitors blood counts and monitors problems with regular bone marrow and chromosome tests. Treatment includes steroids, hormones, and medications to stimulate blood cell production, or blood transfusions.
Hemoglobin 110 in a woman can be increased by eating healthy foods:
- Beef liver rich in iron, vitamin B12 and many other important minerals.
- Brewer's yeast contain high amounts of folic acid, vitamin 12 and iron. They can be added to porridge, salad, or juice.
- Vitamin C aids in the absorption of iron. If you eat foods high in iron (beef), you should include a source of vitamin C, such as tomatoes, peppers.
- Green leafy vegetables contain significant amounts of iron and folic acid. Raw spinach is rich in oxalic acid, which reduces iron absorption, but steaming the spinach will reduce this acidity.
- A large amount of folic acid is found in juices citrus fruits, legumes, and fortified cereals.
- Raisins and dates contain a combination of iron and vitamin C. This allows the body to quickly and efficiently absorb iron from them.
- Garnet Is one of the healthiest fruits in the world: it is rich in nutrients and antioxidants that help maintain health. Pomegranate is also an excellent treatment for anemia because it is rich in vitamin C, which improves the body's ability to absorb iron.
- Bananas, apples are an excellent remedy for anemia. They are also known for their high concentration of enzymes that help form healthy blood cells. What's more, bananas are an optimal source of magnesium, which helps in the synthesis of hemoglobin.
- Probiotics. A common problem many people face when treating anemia is a malfunction of the digestive system. If the intestines are not working properly, a person will not be able to absorb all the nutrients that the body needs. By including probiotics in the diet, the proper absorption of nutrients such as iron is ensured. In addition to iron, a healthy digestive system promotes the absorption of vitamin B-12 as well as magnesium and zinc. There are many probiotic-rich foods out there, but yogurt, especially natural yogurt, is one of the most popular options.
With a decrease in hemoglobin to 110, suspicion of symptoms of anemia, you should consult a doctor for an accurate diagnosis. If necessary, the doctor will prescribe a set of laboratory tests, appropriate individual therapy, suitable for each woman.
Video about hemoglobin
Why hemoglobin decreases: