- Why does it darken in the eyes and dizzy
- Safe reasons
- Consequence of diseases, their additional symptoms
- Gender reasons
- Diagnosis of causes
- Homeopathic treatment
- Therapy for established pathology
- Vegetovascular dystonia
- Prognosis and consequences in the absence of treatment
- Video about the causes of darkening in the eyes
The condition when it darkens in the eyes of a person and dizzy provokes various reasons. This concerns physiological and pathological factors. In most cases, these symptoms occur at the same time and indicate a serious illness. Long-term violation requires a comprehensive diagnosis and correctly formulated therapy. In the absence of timely treatment, the risk of complications increases.
Why does it darken in the eyes and dizzy
Mild vertigo and darkening in the eyes provoke physiological factors that are not dangerous to human health. From time to time, such problems appear in all people of different ages. It is enough to rest and eliminate the cause of the dizziness so that the discomfort disappears on its own. If the pathological condition manifests itself often and is observed for a long time, in addition to this, other symptoms join, a doctor's consultation is necessary.
Darkening of the eyes and dizziness often occurs in a fully healthy person.
In this situation, physiological factors are the main reason:
- lack of fluid in the body;
- age-related changes (old age, menopause);
- lack of trace elements and vitamins in the human body;
- unhealthy diet, prolonged fasting, rigid diets;
- bad habits (drugs, smoking and alcoholic beverages);
- great physical activity;
- endocrine diseases (diabetes mellitus);
- an increased level of hemoglobin in the blood;
- taking certain medications (diuretics, vasodilators, antidepressants);
- long-term exposure to the human body of high temperatures, direct sunlight;
- wearing tight and uncomfortable clothing;
- strong emotional stress, stress, fear;
- long stay in one position.
Physiological causes can be easily eliminated so that the state of health can recover on its own. In other situations, you will need medical attention and consultation with a physician.
Consequence of diseases, their additional symptoms
Many pathological processes in the human body are accompanied by darkening of the eyes and dizziness. A person in such a situation needs to undergo a medical examination to make an accurate diagnosis. Taking into account the test results, the specialized doctor will select the most effective treatment.
Darkness in the eyes and dizziness due to the following diseases:
|Vegetovascular dystonia||A pathological condition that manifests itself in a complex of symptoms indicating impaired functioning of the autonomic nervous division. With this disease, there is a malfunction in the work of internal organs and systems. A person is worried not only about dizziness, but also painful sensations in the back of the head, temples.|
|Cervical osteochondrosis||A disease that provokes degenerative-dystrophic changes in the intervertebral discs of the cervical spine. The result is deformation and depletion of the vertebrae. Dizziness and darkening in the eyes often bothers a person in the morning and evening hours. Discomfort and discomfort intensify during a sharp change in body position, when the head is tilted.|
|Migraine||The primary form of headache, which is characterized by periodic attacks of varying intensity. Migraine in humans is manifested by severe dizziness, discomfort in the ears, sensitivity to light also increases, and nausea appears.|
|Trigeminal neuralgia||Chronic pathology, which is manifested by intense painful sensations along the nerve of a shooting and burning character. Symptoms of a pathological condition appear acutely and pronounced, therefore, a person needs emergency medical care to prevent dangerous complications.|
|Orthostatic hypotension||Pathological processes provoke somatic and neurological disorders, against the background of which there is a sharp decrease in blood pressure. Darkening in the eyes and dizziness indicate a reaction of the body, he is trying to adapt to the prevailing circumstances.|
|Anemia||The disease is characterized by a decrease in the level of hemoglobin in the blood. The body feels oxygen starvation, which negatively affects the functioning of the brain. Dizziness is accompanied by general weakness in the body, drowsiness, the skin turns pale.|
|Arrhythmia||A disease in which water-salt metabolism is disturbed in the human body. The same applies to the acid-base balance, against the background of which heart failure develops. Concomitant symptoms of the pathological condition are severe shortness of breath, panic, and fatigue, general weakness in the body.|
Darkening in the eyes also provokes a cancerous tumor, diseases of the inner ear with damage to the vestibular apparatus. The same goes for head injuries, brain injuries. A specialized doctor or therapist will help to establish an accurate diagnosis by prescribing the most informative examination for the patient.
It gets dark in the eyes and dizzy (the causes of the pathological condition will help to establish a medical examination) in women, men or children as a result of various factors. However, in any situation, each person needs to consult a physician or pediatrician in order to determine the source of the problem in advance.
|Among women||The female half of humanity is faced with dizziness and darkening of the eyes for the following reasons:
The pathological condition also occurs against the background of numerous diseases, including a brain tumor, hypertension, osteochondrosis, diabetes and vegetative-vascular dystonia.
|In men||Representatives of the stronger sex are faced with darkening in the eyes, which is accompanied by dizziness, if they are weather-dependent. The same applies to brain tumors, cervical osteochondrosis, traumatic brain injury and hypertensive crisis.|
|In adolescence||In older children, dizziness and darkening of the eyes occurs as a result of an insufficiently developed circulatory system. The body is growing rapidly. The circulatory system does not have time to form, so the brain does not receive enough oxygen.|
In any situation, when a mild vertigo appears, you should sit down and rest a little. Climb slowly, without sudden movements. Teenagers are encouraged to train their vestibular apparatus with strengthening exercises.
Diagnosis of causes
It gets dark in the eyes and dizzy (the causes of a pathological condition require a comprehensive examination) in a person often as a result of a serious illness. It will be determined by a medical examination, which the physician will prescribe, taking into account the patient's complaints. It is important to quickly differentiate the disease, since many pathologies provoke dizziness and darkening of the eyes.
Patients are assigned the following diagnostic measures:
|Computed tomography (CT)||A specialist examines the cervical spine for the development of osteochondrosis.|
|Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)||
The most informative diagnostic method that is used to analyze the functioning of the brain.
|Encephalography||The examination is carried out to assess the functioning of the brain and its electrical activity.|
|Ultrasound examination (ultrasound)||Specialists examine the vessels of the brain and neck.|
|General and biochemical blood test||The study is carried out to determine the level of hemoglobin in the blood, hormones and cholesterol. Also evaluate other parameters that change with the development of the inflammatory process (ESR, the number of leukocytes and platelets).|
|Bacterial culture||The causative agents of a bacterial or viral infection are determined, which, during development, disrupt the functioning of the brain.|
Additionally, patients are assigned consultations of other specialized doctors (cardiologist, hematologist, oncologist). The ophthalmologist examines the fundus, measures the eye pressure. Neurological tests are performed.
It gets dark in the eyes and dizzy, and there are no serious symptoms, then in this situation simple recommendations of doctors will help get rid of the discomfort. It is enough for a person to change the daily routine, adjust the diet, and eliminate provoking factors. The patient will need drug therapy if dizziness and darkening appear systematically. Medical diagnostics will help determine the disease and, based on the results, the doctor will select medications.
Homeopathic remedies are an alternative treatment for vertigo, which is accompanied by darkening of the eyes. The drugs activate the body's defenses and reduce the accompanying symptoms of the pathological condition.
The following medications are prescribed to patients:
|Calcohel||Adults are prescribed 1 tablet 3 times a day before meals, 30 minutes or one hour after a meal. The medicine is kept in the mouth until it is completely dissolved. The course of treatment lasts 5 weeks.||
|Traumeel S||The standard adult dosage is 1 tablet 3 times a day. The medicine should be taken 15 minutes before meals, dissolve until completely dissolved. The course of treatment lasts 3-4 weeks.||
In most cases, homeopathic remedies are easily tolerated, without side effects or complications. Despite their maximum safety, medications should be selected with a doctor.
Therapy for established pathology
After the established diagnosis, each patient is individually selected a separate therapy regimen. First of all, drug treatment is carried out to stop the progression of the disease and prevent dangerous complications.
It darkens in the eyes and dizzy (the causes of pathology affect the therapy regimen) in a person as a result of vegetative-vascular dystonia. A neurologist deals with diagnostics and treatment. The specialist selects drugs, dosage and regimen, taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient.
|Tranquilizers||Seduxen, Diazepam||Medications decrease brain activity. The adult dosage in most cases is 5-15 mg per day, it must be divided into 2-3 doses.|
|Nootropics||Phenibut, Piracetam||The drugs improve the functioning of the central nervous system. The tablets are taken orally after meals. Adult patients are prescribed 250-500 mg 2-3 times a day. The duration of therapy is 2-3 weeks.|
|Antidepressants||Fluoxetine, Imipramine||Medicines eliminate anxiety, calm down. Tablets are recommended to be taken orally with meals, with a sufficient amount of liquid. The starting adult dosage is 20 mg per day. If necessary, it is increased every 3-4 weeks. The treatment lasts 3-4 weeks.|
|Antihypertensive drugs||Bisoprolol, Labetalol||The initial stage of therapy involves the minimum dosage for an adult. It is 5 mg once a day. The dosage increases gradually, in each case individually, as the course of therapy is drawn up.|
|Medicines to dilate blood vessels||Pentoxifylline, Papaverine||The medicine should be taken orally. The starting adult dosage is 600 mg 2–3 times daily. The course of treatment lasts 2-3 weeks.|
Additionally, patients are prescribed vitamin complexes, it is recommended to change their lifestyle and nutrition. It is important to strictly adhere to the recommendations of a neurologist in order to prevent the consequences.
It darkens in the eyes and dizzy (it is important to establish the reasons immediately in order to stop the progression of the disease with the right therapy) against the background of migraine. Drug therapy in this condition helps to reduce paroxysmal pain in the head, eliminate nausea, dizziness, and reduce hypersensitivity to light and sounds.
Treatment is carried out using the following drugs:
|Pain relievers||Ibuprofen, Diclofenac||Adult patients are prescribed 200 mg 3-4 times a day. The medicine should be swallowed whole and washed down with plenty of water.|
|Antidepressants||Milnacipran, Ixel||The tablets are preferably taken in the morning. The adult dosage is 50 mg 2 times a day.|
Medicines have a positive effect on blood vessels, the expansion of which causes severe pain. The tablets are swallowed whole and washed down with water. A single dosage is 20 or 40 mg. The maximum person can take 80 mg per day.
|Beta blockers||Propranolol, Bisoprolol||The medicine is injected intravenously or taken orally. The dosage of the drug depends on the condition of the person, the minimum per day is 160 mg.|
In difficult situations, patients are prescribed corticosteroids, anticonvulsants, antiemetic drugs. Some medicines are given intravenously or intramuscularly.
With low blood pressure, patients are prescribed drugs, taking into account the main factor that provoked the drop in parameters.
The therapy is carried out in a complex manner, but the following means are often used:
|Citramon||The medicine is taken orally 1-2 tablets every 4-6 hours, washed down with a sufficient amount of water. The treatment lasts a maximum of 4 days.||
|Piracetam||The drug restores intellectual and emotional processes in the human body. The adult dosage depends on the patient's condition and is 30-160 mg / kg. The specified amount of medication must be divided into 2-4 doses. The treatment lasts 3 weeks.||
|Glycine||The medicine improves metabolic processes in the tissues of the brain, eliminates depression, irritability and normalizes sleep. Adult patients are prescribed 1 tablet 2-3 times a day. The course of treatment lasts 14-30 days.||
When making an accurate diagnosis and determining a serious disease, as a result of which a person's arterial pressure, medications are prescribed individually for each patient (antidepressants, cerebroprotectors, antioxidants).
Prognosis and consequences in the absence of treatment
Lack of timely diagnosis and treatment for darkening of the eyes, which is accompanied by dizziness, will lead to the fact that a person will face serious complications. The disease will progress, against the background of which the clinical symptoms will intensify.
It darkens in the eyes and dizzy with the development of various pathologies, their progression will lead to the following complications:
|Myocardial infarction||Acute circulatory disorders in the area of myocardial tissues against the background of thrombosis. A pathological focus is formed, where the death of the affected cells (cardiomyocytes) occurs.|
|Spine wear||A pathological condition that develops against the background of cervical osteochondrosis. We are talking about degenerative-dystrophic changes in the spine. In this case, not only mobility is impaired, but discs fall out, nerves are compressed. The changes negatively affect the functioning of all internal organs and systems.|
Dizziness and darkening in the eyes are also dangerous because, if unconscious, a person can fall and hit his head, get severely injured. A complication of a pathological condition can be irreversible changes, for example, hearing impairment.
If a person's eyes darken and his head is spinning, it is necessary to consult a physician therapist. The specialist will conduct a survey and examination, prescribe an additional examination to determine the cause of the pathological condition. If necessary, he will also refer you for consultation to specialized doctors. Only differential diagnostics will help determine the disease and choose the most effective treatment.
Video about the causes of darkening in the eyes
If it gets dark in your eyes when you get up abruptly: