- Classification of drugs
- The best drugs from the pharmacy
- Videos on the treatment of nosebleeds
Bleeding from the nose or as in medicine it is called epitaxis - this is one of the common symptoms of ENT pathology, arising from violation of the integrity of the vascular wall, localized in the nasal cavity, nasopharynx, sinus or damage to the upper wall nasal cavity. It is important to find out what exactly triggered the onset of this symptom and prescribe the correct therapy, which may include taking pills, potions, or using physiotherapy procedures.
Classification of drugs
The mechanism of action of drugs for blood vessels differs in the mechanism of the achieved effect and in the method of adjusting the tone. Narrowing of capillaries and arteries is a serious problem, because it negatively affects the functioning of internal organs. In some cases, it can even be life-threatening.
The vascular system provides all systems and organs with the nutrition necessary for their work, saturates with oxygen, helping to remove toxins and all waste substances from the body.
Tablets for nosebleeds are classified depending on the area of localization of the pathology in the body. The table below describes the classification of drugs and their features.
|Capillary medicines||The action of this group of tablets is aimed at strengthening small vessels, the diameter of which does not exceed the size of erythrocytes. These drugs are quite effective, they improve the structure of the structures of the microvasculature. Vitamins such as ascorbic acid, vitamins P and E, as well as preparations based on flavonoids have a good effect.|
|Medicines for the arteries||This group helps to strengthen arterial vessels, protecting the body from the appearance of severe complications such as thrombosis, bleeding into soft tissues and organs. This group includes stands, multivitamin complexes, metabolic and antihypertensive drugs, as well as drugs that prevent the appearance of blood clots.|
|Medicines for veins||Diseases of the veins are widespread. More often people have varicose veins and thrombophlebitis. The most effective are multivitamin complexes with vitamins C and P, combined preparations the action of which is aimed at thinning the blood, venoprotectors that improve metabolism in the vascular walls.|
All drugs for blood vessels are divided into the following separate groups:
- Neurotropes. Medicines from this group help suppress the aggregation of blood clots, increase the sensitivity to glucose, normalize cell membranes, and help deliver nutrients and oxygen to the brain. Medicines that dilate blood vessels do not have a direct effect on the structure of blood vessels, but they improve metabolism and microcirculation.
- Nootropics. Drugs from this group help to stimulate processes in the brain. These medications are prescribed for those who need to recover from a stroke and improve alertness.
- Myotropes. These are the best drugs with an antispasmodic effect, relieve tone from the walls of blood vessels, and expand the lumen of the arteries.
- Antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants. They work to prevent red blood cells and platelets from pooling. Their gluing provokes blood thickening, which ultimately provokes the formation of plaques and blood clots.
- Venotonic. These drugs have a complex effect, reducing edema, improving metabolism and blood circulation, and tones up blood vessels.
The best drugs from the pharmacy
Pills for nosebleeds must be selected by a specialist, since many drugs have contraindications for taking them. In no case should self-medication be engaged, because it is necessary to understand why such a symptom has appeared and what effect the prescribed drug should have in order to remove the cause, and not the symptom.
Avenue tablets help not only with nosebleeds, but also have a venotonic and angioprotective effect, increase the tone of the veins, reduces the extensibility of the vascular walls, improves microcirculation, reduces the permeability of capillaries and increases them resistance. The drug is available in the form of tablets and diosmin and a flavonoid in the form of hesperidin act as an active substance in it.
The drug is prescribed for venolymphatic insufficiency. The standard dose is 2 tablets per day for a month. And so, depending on the complexity of the course of the disease, the specialist individually selects the course and dosage. You can not prescribe the drug to people with special sensitivity to the drug. If you do not follow the doctor's instructions, then unwanted symptoms may appear: general malaise, headache, vomiting, nausea, and an allergic reaction. The average cost of the drug varies within 500 rubles.
Often, problems with blood vessels are associated with the fact that there is a lack of vitamins and microelements in the body. They can be replenished with food products introduced into the daily diet or by taking a drug, for example, Antiox. This medicine is considered a combined drug, because it contains vitamins, micro- and macroelements.
Due to this composition, the drug has a metabolic and multivitamin effect. The drug is prescribed in order to normalize metabolic processes, stimulate immunity, accelerate performance and reduce the effect of negative factors on the vessels.
The composition includes the following vitamins:
- retinol - forms visual pigments, regulates tissue growth;
- tocopherol - has antioxidant properties;
- colecalciferol - regulates the exchange of phosphorus and calcium, which are so necessary for the construction of the skeletal system;
- vitamin K takes an active part in the synthesis of the prothrombin complex;
- thiamine is necessary for the transmission of nerve impulses;
- riboflavin is a catalyst for cell respiration;
- panthenol takes part in the oxidation of carbohydrates and fats;
- pyridoxine is involved in the metabolism of proteins and amino acids;
- folic acid is involved in the synthesis of amino acids and nucleic acid, which is necessary for normal erythropoiesis;
- cyanocobalamin, together with folic acid, participates in the synthesis of nucleotides;
- nicotinamide stabilizes tissue respiration;
- biotin plays an important role in metabolism;
- vitamin C provides collagen synthesis.
It also contains iron, zinc, magnesium, iodine, vanadium and other useful components. The drug should be taken 1 tablet twice a day. The course is at least 1 month. You can not prescribe the drug to children under 12 years old, women during breastfeeding and pregnancy, with special sensitivity. Failure to comply with the established dose threatens the development of such symptoms: thirst, headache, vomiting, nausea, erosion in the stomach, diarrhea, anemia. The cost in Russian pharmacies is 500 rubles.
Venolek tablets for nosebleeds are a drug from the group of angioprotective bioflavonoids. It is produced in tablet form and contains the substance diosmin as an active ingredient. Thanks to him, the drug has a venotonic effect, improves lymph drainage and microcirculation, reduces the adhesive properties of leukocytes to the vascular wall, improves oxygen diffusion. Taking the drug, depending on the indications and the severity of the disease, should be 600-1800 mg per day, the course is individual for each patient.
You can not prescribe the drug to children under 18 years of age, women carrying a baby and breastfeeding, with special sensitivity to the main component. If you exceed the dosage established by the doctor, then undesirable manifestations can be observed: vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, headache, allergies. The average price of a drug package is 600 rubles.
It is a complex drug with antihypoxic, nootropic and vasodilating effects. Available in the form of tablets containing two active ingredients: piracetam - stimulates metabolic processes, increases the resistance of cells to hypoxia, improves regional blood flow, cinnarizine is a selective blocker calcium channels.
It is worth taking the drug 1-2 tablets per day for 1-3 months. But the dosage and course should be selected by a doctor who will find out exactly what is the cause of the bleeding.
You can not prescribe the drug for problems with kidney function, hemorrhagic stroke, children under 5 years of age, during pregnancy and breastfeeding, special intolerance to active ingredients. Failure to comply with the doctor's prescriptions can provoke the development of unwanted symptoms: vomiting, nausea, allergies, nervousness, increased sexual activity. The average price of the drug is 700 rubles.
This drug comes in the form of effervescent tablets, which contain the substance hydroxyethylrutoside. This drug is a rutin derivative that acts directly on veins and capillaries, helps to strengthen the walls of blood vessels, increases tone, and improves blood flow. Has anti-inflammatory effect, reduces swelling, pain, reduces bleeding. The drug should be taken 1 tablet per day, first dissolve it in a glass of water. The course is on average 2 weeks.
You can not prescribe the drug to children under 18 years of age, people with special intolerance to the components of the composition, in the first three months of pregnancy. If you do not follow the recommendations, you may experience a headache, problems with the digestive system, an allergic reaction. The drug costs in Russian pharmacies within 800 rubles.
Detralex tablets for nosebleeds are a preparation with a purified micronized flavonoid fraction, consisting of diosmin. It is thanks to this component that the drug has a venotonic and angioprotective effect. The medicine prevents the stretching of blood vessels, reduces vascular permeability, increasing their resistance.
You need to take the drug at 1000 mg per day in order to achieve the maximum effect. The course is individual, depending on the disease and the severity of its course. On average, the course can last up to several months. The drug is not prescribed for people with special sensitivity to components, children under 18 years of age and pregnant women. Exceeding the dosage leads to the appearance of side effects, such as upset of the digestive system, allergies. The average price of the drug in Russian pharmacies varies within 2500 rubles.
The drug is available in tablet form and contains a component of the same name as an active substance. The medicine belongs to the group of nootropics. This drug has a positive effect on the functioning of the brain, nervous system, improves blood microcirculation in the brain, strengthens the walls of blood vessels, and has vasodilating properties.
The drug should be taken 1 tablet three times a day with meals. The course is selected individually depending on the disease that provoked the appearance of nosebleeds. You can not prescribe the drug in case of intolerance to the components of the composition, acute circulatory disorders in the brain, pregnancy, children under 18 years of age.
Failure to comply with the dosage can lead to the development of unwanted symptoms:
- nausea and vomiting;
- blood pressure surges;
- anxiety and overexcitement.
The average cost of the drug is 150 rubles.
The medicine is produced in tablet form and contains diosmin as an active substance. Included in the flavonoid group. The active ingredient has a venotonic and angioprotective effect, stops stretching of the veins, helps to improve microcirculation, reduces vascular permeability and increases their resistance.
For maximum effect, the drug should be taken at 1000 mg per day. The course is individual for each patient, it all depends on the degree of the disease. You can not prescribe the drug in case of intolerance to its components. Failure to follow directions can cause digestive upset. In Russian pharmacies, the price of the drug varies within 800 rubles.
This drug is simply irreplaceable for blood vessels. It helps to strengthen the walls of blood vessels, preventing them from fragility, due to which it is possible to prevent internal and external bleeding. Also, the drug helps to improve the elasticity of erythrocytes, dilates blood vessels, and increases blood flow. Vitamin P helps support the immune system, which better resists infections and viruses.
It should be taken 1 tablet per day for 2-3 months. Do not prescribe the drug to people with special sensitivity to the main component. During the studies, there were no undesirable manifestations from taking the drug Rutin. In Russian pharmacies, the price of the drug varies within 500 rubles.
This is a combined preparation produced in tablet form, its action is due to the effects of its constituent components. The main substances in its composition are ascorbic acid and rutin. Rutin helps ascorbic acid to convert to dehydroascorbic acid and subsequently prevents the transformation of the latter into diketugulic acid. It is for this reason that most of the properties of routine are indirect.
The combination of the two components reduces the permeability and fragility of blood capillaries, helps to strengthen the walls of blood vessels, reduce platelet adhesion, has an anti-inflammatory effect, take an active part in redox processes.
Also, rutin is very useful for people with chronic venous insufficiency, because it helps to reduce swelling and has analgesic properties. The drug should be taken 1 tablet three times a day. The course is from 3 to 4 weeks. If necessary, the course can be repeated after a 2-3 month break.
You can not prescribe the drug to people with intolerance to components, increased blood clotting, a tendency to thrombosis, gout, diabetes, severe kidney pathologies. Exceeding the dosage can provoke the development of undesirable symptoms such as headache, increased fatigue, insomnia, increased excitability, anemia, deterioration of tissue trophism. The average cost of the drug varies within 200 rubles.
Tablets for bleeding in internal organs or from the nose will help a person not only strengthen blood vessels, but also prevent serious complications. If the vessels are thinned for some reason, then it is very important to find out the cause, eliminate it and do everything possible to return elasticity of the vascular walls, prevent their fragility and remove all congestion, which often provokes a high level cholesterol. Many drugs have restrictions on their intake, so a specialist should select a medicine in each individual case.
Videos on the treatment of nosebleeds
Causes, first aid for nosebleeds: