- What is electrocautery
- Risk factors
- Indications and contraindications
- Advantages and disadvantages of the method
- How is a mole removed?
- Recovery and rehabilitation
- Skin care after removal, treatment
- Limitations, consequences and complications
- Video about electrocoagulation of moles
Almost every person has several moles on their body, presented in the form of benign growths. In the medical industry, they are called nevi. They form on the skin even before puberty. Formations are able to remain on the body throughout life or disappear. Sometimes growths can appear in areas where it is very easy to touch them. To prevent the occurrence unpleasant sensations of education can be removed by electrocoagulation.
What is electrocautery
Sometimes formations can develop into malignant tumors. This is due to the influence of most factors, especially due to the influence of the sun's rays on moles.
In modern medicine, there are many different ways to deal with growths that interfere with a normal life. Electrocoagulation with laser destruction, surgery and radio wave removal are considered safe methods of treatment. However, electrocoagulation is considered a simple and effective procedure, which helps to protect the body and health in general.
Removal of moles by electrocoagulation occurs due to the impact of high-frequency current discharges, which perform the function of a surgical scalpel. During the influence of current discharges, small notches occur in the build-up zone, which allows it to be cut off in layers.
A device that supplies a current discharge is called an electrocoagulator. Electric current affects certain areas of the skin, preventing bleeding. This method of dealing with moles is effective and safe, since the risk of infection is minimized.
If there are moles on the body, they need to be monitored so that they do not turn into a more serious pathology, for example, melanoma. Skin cancer is considered a common cancer that affects people of all ages. If the disease is at an early stage, it can be cured with an effective treatment course.
Risk factors that provoke the degeneration of the growth into melanoma:
- genetic predisposition;
- deformation of the nevus;
- changes at the hormonal level;
- regular and prolonged exposure to the sun;
- malfunction of the endocrine system.
If a mole begins to degenerate into skin cancer, this process is very difficult to stop.
If you have the following symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor:
- intensive growth of the build-up;
- bleeding from a nevus;
- uneven shade of the build-up;
- the neoplasm began to peel off and wrinkle;
- the mole has changed shape and size.
If you have one or more symptoms, you need to consult a dermatologist or surgeon. After a complete diagnosis of the body, the doctor will determine which method is optimal to get rid of the mole.
Indications and contraindications
To prevent the growths from developing into malignant melanomas, experts advise to control them changes using photographs that will allow you to compare the size of moles at a certain interval time. If possible, it is better to get rid of the growths.
It is necessary to resort to electrocautery if the mole is small and sits shallowly in the skin. Also, the procedure allows you to get rid of warts, spider veins, ruby dots, blood vessels and other benign formations on the skin.
However, before removing any growths on the body, it is required to consult with an oncologist and a dermatologist to obtain an opinion that permits this procedure to be performed. If a vascular mesh or a ruby dot that does not exceed 1 mm in diameter is to be removed, you do not need to consult an oncologist. But such elements on the skin should not change in diameter or shade.
Removal of moles by electrocoagulation is indicated in the following cases:
- loss of hair that grows from a mole;
- change in shade;
- intensive change in the size and shape of the build-up;
- the appearance of pain;
- placement of a neoplasm in an area of increased trauma or on an open, noticeable area of the body.
The operation is quite simple, but it must be carried out exclusively in professional beauty parlors or medical institutions. In these institutions, you can examine the removed material for the presence of malignant cells.
It is forbidden to get rid of a mole on your own, as this can be harmful to health. As a result, the neoplasm can go from benign to malignant type.
However, electrocautery is contraindicated if you have the following health problems:
- an allergic reaction to anesthetics or an individual intolerance to an electrosurgical procedure;
- inflammatory process in the area where the mole is located;
- keloid disease;
- any form of herpes that is in the active stage;
- low blood clotting or pathologies associated with it;
- acute infectious diseases;
- heart diseases.
The procedure is prohibited in the presence of malignant neoplasms. In this case, a surgical method of removal is suitable, which allows you to remove a large area of the skin in the area of the tumor. This is required so that a relapse does not occur. Electrocoagulation in the presence of a malignant tumor can cause the spread of metastases.
If the mole exceeds 10 mm in diameter, it is advisable to remove it with a scalpel, suturing the incisions with a surgical thread. Due to this, the wounds will heal quickly and there will be no suppuration. However, scars will remain when using the scalpel.
Advantages and disadvantages of the method
Removing a mole with an electrocoagulator is a simple procedure that has advantages and disadvantages. If the specialist adheres to safety precautions during electrocautery, the risk of recurrence will be minimal.
|It is a safe method in which there is no bleeding.||The skin near the growth is also subjected to electrocoagulation.|
|You can get rid of the build-up on any part of the skin;||After the procedure, depressions and pits may remain on the skin.|
|The procedure is fast enough without the need to stay in the inpatient unit.||There are contraindications to the procedure.|
|Short recovery phase and good aesthetic effect.|
|General anesthesia is not required. Low percentage of formation of negative consequences after removal.|
How is a mole removed?
The patient does not need to prepare in advance for this procedure; it is enough to consult a specialist. During the procedure, local anesthesia is used. In this regard, there will be no pain during the operation. However, after the procedure, there may be slightly painful or uncomfortable sensations, but the use of painkillers is not required. When performing electrocautery, it is recommended to use anesthesia.
The specialist has doubts about the good quality of the growth or a history of heavy bleeding, he may prescribe the following tests:
- identification of an indicator of blood clotting;
- blood test for tumor markers;
- clinical blood test.
Removal of moles by electrocoagulation is carried out in the following way:
- For the procedure, a special medical equipment is used - an electrocoagulator. Thanks to him, it is possible to regulate the strength and frequency of the current during the operation on different parts of the body.
- There is a steel loop at the end of the device, which, under the influence of an electric current, heats up to 80 ℃. Then she cauterizes the growth area.
- The operation takes about 20 minutes. A dense crust appears at the site of removal of the nevus, which must be lubricated with manganese to enhance its formation. Under the crust, the healing process will be even and fast.
The crust will protect the bottom layer of the skin from infection. Therefore, it is undesirable to remove it ahead of time. After 5 days, it will disappear on its own. In its place, a pink spot will remain, which will completely disappear within 14 days.
To avoid suppuration, the crust must be regularly treated with an antiseptic, for example, a 5% manganese-based alcohol solution.
Recovery and rehabilitation
During the first few days after the operation, the area of cauterization of the growth will be swollen, reddened and painful. In this regard, it should not be exposed to ultraviolet rays and the sun, and it is not recommended to wet it.
With a careless attitude, an infection can be brought in, which will provoke the formation of suppuration under the crust. If after several days the pain has not gone away or has become stronger, you need to consult a specialist.
If a shallow build-up is successfully removed, a pinkish stain will remain in place of the crust, which will soon disappear, and the skin will take on its natural shade. With a high-quality implementation of electrocoagulation and proper adherence to postoperative care, there will be no scars or other defects in the intervention area.
Skin care after removal, treatment
The result of the operation will depend on many factors. The main condition for the success of such a procedure will be high-quality care for the wound, preventing the appearance of a scar or pigmentation. During the first few hours or days after the intervention, painful and uncomfortable sensations will be present in the affected area.
Care and treatment of the skin after the removal of the build-up are as follows:
- The wound must be sealed with a bactericidal plaster, which must be changed every day. After the heat effect, a dry crust appears on the growth site, which, together with the skin around it, should be carefully treated with an antiseptic 3 times a day. Due to this, the wound will not be infected with an infection, and there will also be no scar. For 5 days after the operation, it is forbidden to wet the crust with water, because it will soak, which creates favorable conditions for the development of microbes and infection. Also, this area cannot be lubricated with cosmetic compounds.
- It is forbidden to remove the crust by force, as the tissue will not be able to heal properly. After 10 days, it will disappear on its own. This is done after the wound has completely healed. In its place, the skin will have a pinkish color. This area of the skin needs to be protected from the influence of sun rays and injuries.
- Each time you go outside, the delicate skin in open areas of the body must be treated with sunscreen or sealed with a bactericidal plaster. These manipulations must be carried out until the young skin becomes firmer. In this case, peels, scrubs and alcohol-containing formulations are not suitable.
- When the stain is colored in a natural skin tone, you can use decorative cosmetics.
Limitations, consequences and complications
For 60 days after the intervention, it is forbidden to go to the pool, solarium, sauna or bath. An electrocoagulator must be used to remove any benign growths in autumn or winter, when solar activity is minimal. In this case, the body will be completely covered with clothing.
After getting rid of the build-up, you need to closely monitor the damaged area of the skin. Sometimes after the intervention, negative symptoms may appear. If they are available, you must contact a medical institution to prescribe an additional therapeutic course.
Consequences after electrocautery:
- high body temperature;
- pus is released from the wound;
- for several days the skin remains swollen;
- getting wet and severe itching;
- the wound bleeds continuously.
After surgery, complications may arise:
- Hypertrophic scar. It is a bulge at the site of the removed nevus, which may differ from the surface of the skin in a darker shade. If such a scar has not smoothed out on its own after 6 months, a specialist may prescribe auxiliary cosmetic procedures or therapeutic drug treatment.
- Hypopigmentation. A white spot may appear at the site of the growth if the removed mole was in the deep layers of the skin. Also, this phenomenon may appear if sunbathing was taken during the restrictive period. Hypopigmentation does not need medical correction, since the white spot can disappear on its own after 24 months.
- Hypotrophic scar. It is presented in the form of a depression that forms at the site of the removed nevus. It appears due to poor tissue regeneration. Such a scar is not a very visible cosmetic defect, and therefore does not require additional intervention. Over time, it will flatten out on its own.
- Infection. If the procedure was performed poorly or the wound care was negligent, an infection can get into it. As a result, the inflammatory process will begin to develop. In this regard, it is recommended to remove growths only in specialized beauty parlors or clinics. In this case, it is required to strictly adhere to medical prescriptions that relate to care.
- Relapse of the build-up. If during the procedure all the cells of the nevus were not removed and microscopic particles of the mole remained in that area, the growth may reappear. This situation is not considered hazardous to health, so it only needs to be monitored. If a build-up reappears, it can be removed again.
Electrocoagulation allows you to painlessly and in a short period of time remove moles that interfere with normal life. However, after performing the procedure, it is necessary to properly take care of the skin in order to avoid any complications. At the same time, it is not recommended to get rid of the growths on your own. It is imperative to consult a doctor.
Video about electrocoagulation of moles
How to remove moles by electrocautery: