- Is there a discharge in girls of 6 years old, what can they be normal?
- Pathological causes of discharge and accompanying symptoms
- White profuse discharge
- Streptococcal infection
- Failure to comply with hygiene standards
- Brown or bloody
- How is the diagnosis carried out at 6 years old
- Treatment regimens
- Soda-based antiseptic bath
- Herbal bath with added salt
- Video about discharge in girls
Discharge in girls 6 years oldthat have a yellowish, whitish, brown, reddish tint - this is a sign that acute or chronic inflammation develops in the tissues of the child's internal genital organs. The pathological condition of the child's genitourinary system can be caused by prolonged hypothermia of the body, or it occurs as a result of infection with a bacterial, fungal infection.
Is there a discharge in girls of 6 years old, what can they be normal?
In girls aged 6 years, a small amount of mucous discharge from the vagina is allowed. These are physiological leucorrhoea that do not have a color shade or a characteristic odor.
These secretions have the appearance of stretching thick mucus. The appearance of leucorrhoea indicates the normal functioning of the internal genital organs of the girl, epithelial cells which independently produce a small amount of mucus to maintain a stable microflora vagina. Abundant discharge, which does not have a characteristic color, odor, but at the same time their appearance is accompanied by itching, burning, a feeling of cramps, indicate the first signs of a gynecological disease.
Pathological causes of discharge and accompanying symptoms
The pathological reasons for the appearance of atypical discharge in girls of 6 years of age include acute and chronic diseases of the internal genital organs, which have an inflammatory etiology. Abundant whitish, yellow, green or bloody mucus secreted from the vagina is the result of the pathogenic activity of fungal and bacterial microorganisms.
White profuse discharge
The appearance of abundant white discharge from the vagina can provoke several pathological factors at once.
Infection of children's genitals with streptococcal infection occurs in a hematogenous way, or as a result of non-observance of basic hygiene rules. The pathogenic microorganism parasitizes on the vaginal mucosa, causing local tissue inflammation.
In this case, the child complains about the following symptoms:
- redness and swelling of the genital tissues near the entrance to the vagina;
- itching sensation that worsens at night;
- cramps and sharp pain during urination;
- a feeling of discomfort inside the vagina.
A white, profuse discharge caused by a streptococcal infection is accompanied by an unpleasant smell of rotten fish. The danger of this pathological cause lies in the risk of the spread of the bacterial process to the urethral canal and bladder.
Failure to comply with hygiene standards
Discharge from a 6-year-old girl, which is white, is excessively abundant, may be the result of non-compliance with personal hygiene standards. For example, if the child rarely bathes, and the change of underwear does not take place daily, but once every few days.
In this case, the following additional symptoms may be present:
- redness of the perineum;
- swelling of the labia;
- discharge has an unpleasant sour or ammonia smell;
- cramps during urination;
- false urge to use the toilet;
- itching of the skin in the groin area.
The negative impact of this factor entails infection of the child's genitourinary system with various types of bacterial and fungal microflora. Timely adherence to personal hygiene by the child contributes to the restoration of normal vaginal microflora.
Candidiasis is an infectious disease caused by fungal organisms from the genus Candida. Girls with severely weakened immunity who have undergone prolonged treatment with antibacterial drugs are susceptible to the influence of this pathological factor.
Candidiasis is manifested by abundant whitish discharge, as well as the following additional signs:
- dryness of the vaginal mucosa;
- redness of the labia majora;
- a red rash on the epithelial tissues at the entrance to the vagina;
- severe itching of the genitals;
- whitish discharge has a pronounced yeast odor.
Strengthening the immune system, the timely use of antimycotic drugs allows you to cleanse the child's genitourinary system from the negative effects of fungal microorganisms. Otherwise, candidiasis becomes recurrent.
Discharge in a 6-year-old girl, which is distinguished by a rich yellow color, appears as a result of exposure to the following pathological reasons:
- vaginosis, in which the mucus from the vagina has an unpleasant fishy odor;
- inflammation of the vaginal mucosa caused by Staphylococcus aureus;
- colpitis, indicating extensive bacterial inflammation of the organs of the children's reproductive system (one of the most dangerous infectious diseases that can spread to the tissues of the uterus);
- inflammation of the ovaries or fallopian tubes (occurs due to severe hypothermia of the child's body, or is caused by pathogenic microflora).
The appearance of yellow profuse vaginal discharge is considered a symptom of an acute inflammatory process. Suppuration of the tissues of the reproductive system is not excluded.
The above pathological causes cause the following symptoms in a child:
- a burning sensation in the vagina;
- cutting pain during urination;
- itching in the genital area;
- pulling pain in the lower abdomen or from the lumbar spine.
The manifestation of these symptoms increases in proportion to the exacerbation of gynecological diseases. Inflammation of the ovaries and fallopian tubes can lead to future infertility.
Discharge in a 6-year-old girl, which is green, also indicates the development of a pathological process in her reproductive organs.
The appearance of such symptoms is provoked by the following pathological reasons:
- violation of the natural balance of bacterial microflora in the vagina;
- bacterial vaginitis, when the inflammatory process provokes several pathogens at once;
- vulvovaginitis of bacterial etiology.
Greenish vaginal discharge has an unpleasant putrid odor. In this case, the child may complain of itching in the genital area, there are signs of redness, swelling. In especially severe cases, a girl has a red or pink rash, which is localized on the surface of the labia majora, near the entrance to the vagina.
Brown or bloody
The appearance of brown discharge in girls 6 years old indicates the presence of internal bleeding in the organs of the reproductive system.
The onset of this symptom is provoked by the following pathological factors:
- inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus;
- hormonal disorders with a sharp increase in the level of female sex hormones;
- ulcerative formations on the vaginal mucosa;
- tumors of a benign or oncological nature.
Injuries to the lower abdomen, damage to the internal genital organs can provoke internal bleeding with the release of brown or bloody mucus from the girl's vagina. The presence of such a symptom requires immediate hospitalization of the child, as well as his examination by a pediatric gynecologist.
How is the diagnosis carried out at 6 years old
Examination by a pediatric gynecologist begins with a preliminary examination of the child's perineum and outer labia. Then the doctor proceeds to use more informative diagnostic methods.
The table below describes the main methods of gynecological examination for girls aged 6 years:
|Diagnostic method||Characteristics of the survey process|
|Inspection using mirrors||A gynecological examination using special children's mirrors allows the doctor to carry out a visual examination of the internal genital organs of the child, to study the functional state of the mucous membrane vagina. This diagnostic method is used in cases where it is not possible to perform vaginoscopy.|
|Ultrasound of the uterus||Ultrasound examination of the uterus is considered one of the most informative methods of hardware diagnostics of a girl's reproductive system. This method of examination is especially effective in those clinical cases when a bloody or brown vaginal discharge is found in a child. Ultrasound of the uterus allows you to determine the source of bleeding, fix the size of the focus of ulcerative formation or inflammation.|
|Palpation of the internal genital organs||Palpation of the internal genital organs of the girl is carried out through the rectum to prevent damage to the hymen. This diagnostic method allows you to determine tumor neoplasms, foci of the inflammatory process, pathological tissue compaction.|
|Vaginoscopy||The mechanism of vaginoscopy is a gynecological examination of the vaginal mucosa. The doctor uses a special optical instrument that works like an endoscope. A probe with a video recording function is inserted into the girl's vaginal cavity. A high-quality digital image of the child's internal genital organs, the state of her mucous membrane and tissues are transmitted to the monitor of the diagnostic apparatus. During vaginoscopy, there is a minimal risk of damaging the hymen.|
|Sampling smears||With the help of a sterile cotton swab, the pediatric gynecologist takes swabs from the surface of the child's skin, located near the entrance to the vagina. A collection of mucous contents is performed, which is secreted from the girl's reproductive system. The collected biological material is sent to the laboratory for microbiological research in order to isolate a strain of bacterial or fungal microflora.|
All of the above diagnostic methods are carried out in public hospitals and private clinics. Based on the results of the examination of the child, the pediatric gynecologist makes the final diagnosis, and also forms an effective therapy regimen.
Yellow, green or whitish vaginal discharge in girls 6 years old is just one of the symptoms of an underlying gynecological disease. The treatment regimen for the pediatric reproductive system is selected individually, depending on the pathology detected.
The process of vulvitis therapy is aimed at relieving the inflammatory process that has led to damage to the epithelial tissues of the vulva. Treatment of this gynecological disease involves the use of antibacterial drugs, the use of trays with antiseptic properties.
Ceftriaxone is a semi-synthetic cephalosporin antibiotic. The bactericidal effect of this drug is to suppress the synthesis of new cell membranes of infectious microorganisms. Ceftriaxone is effective against most gram-negative and gram-positive microorganisms that provoke inflammatory processes in the tissues of the internal genital organs of the child.
This medication is available in the form of a white powder for further preparation of intramuscular and intravenous injections. The dissolution of the drug is carried out by a medical professional before its direct administration to the patient.
For girls aged 6 years, the dosage regimen of Ceftriaxone is from 20 to 80 mg per 1 kg of body weight. Intramuscular or intravenous administration of the drug is carried out 1 time per day. In especially severe cases, when a dosage of more than 50 mg / 1 kg of body weight is required, Ceftriaxone is administered by drip in the form of an intravenous infusion for 30 minutes.
The lines of therapy are determined by the pediatric gynecologist, depending on the severity of the inflammatory process, which is provoked by vulvitis. The use of Ceftriaxone is contraindicated in girls with a tendency to allergic reactions to all antibiotics of the cephalosporin series. The average cost of this drug is from 26 rubles. for 1 year
Metronidazole is an antiprotozoal agent with antibacterial properties. This drug is available in the form of white tablets with a yellowish tinge. Metronidazole is used in gynecology to treat infectious diseases of the vulva, vagina and other organs of the female reproductive system.
Therapy of vulvitis in girls aged 6 years requires regular use of this antimicrobial agent at a dosage of 250-375 mg per day. The daily dose is divided into 2 doses. The minimum duration of a therapeutic course is 10 days. Metronidazole tablets should be taken after meals. The average cost of this drug is from 14.50 to 15 rubles. for 20 tab.
Soda-based antiseptic bath
The soda-based sitz bath is an effective antimicrobial agent that is indicated for use in vulvitis of bacterial etiology. This method of therapy does not cause side effects, relieves inflammation and allows you to get rid of bacterial microflora in the area of the inflamed vulva.
To make an antiseptic bath based on soda, you must follow the following algorithm of actions:
- Pour 5-7 liters of warm water into a basin.
- Add 5 tbsp to the water. l. baking soda.
- Stir the water until the soda is completely dissolved.
- Sit in a basin of warm alkaline water.
The average duration of a therapeutic procedure is at least 20 minutes. This method of treating vulvitis can be used daily in combination with taking antibacterial medications. The duration of therapy is from 5 to 10 days.
Treatment of vaginitis is carried out using antibiotic therapy and folk recipes that can relieve acute inflammation of the vagina.
Clindamycin is an antibacterial drug from the pharmacological group of lincosamides. This medication has a bacteriostatic effect, destroys the protein structure of most strains of pathogenic microorganisms. The dosage regimen of Clindamycin for girls aged 6 years is from 15 to 25 mg per 1 kg of body weight.
The specified amount of the drug is divided into 3-4 doses. In especially severe cases, the daily dose is increased to 25-40 mg per 1 kg of the child's body weight. Clindamycin is available in the form of capsules and injection solution for intravenous and intramuscular administration. The timing of therapy is determined by the pediatric gynecologist on an individual basis. The average cost of the antibiotic Clindamycin in capsule form is from 141 to 157 rubles.
Flagil is an antiprotozoal agent with antimicrobial properties, which is indicated for use in the complex therapy of bacterial vaginitis. This medication is available in the form of white tablets, coated with a layer of a protective shell. For girls aged 6 years, Flagil is prescribed 1 tablet 2 times a day after meals. The minimum duration of a therapeutic course is 10 days. The average cost of an antibacterial agent Flagil is from 100 to 110 rubles.
Herbal bath with added salt
For the treatment of vaginitis using a herbal bath with added salt, the following algorithm of actions must be followed:
- Take 255 g of coarse sea salt.
- Sprinkle 60 g each of lavender, chamomile, yarrow, plantain, and calendula flowers.
- Stir the above ingredients in a separate bowl.
- Collect 7 liters of hot water in a basin, and then add the indicated components to it.
- After 30 minutes, when the water temperature becomes comfortable for the body, it is necessary to sit down in the pelvis to warm up the organs of the genitourinary system.
The average duration of a treatment procedure is about 20 minutes. To achieve a positive therapeutic effect, a sitz bath based on herbs and sea salt must be done daily for 10 days.
Discharge in girls 6 years old, which have a greenish, yellow, whitish or brown tint, indicate the development of acute or chronic inflammation of the internal genital organs. Some of the most common gynecological diseases, vulvitis and vaginitis, can cause similar symptoms.
Inflammation of the vulva and vagina occurs as a result of prolonged hypothermia, infection of the reproductive system with bacterial and fungal infections. Treatment of these diseases involves taking antibiotics with an antiprotozoal effect.
Video about discharge in girls
Vaginal discharge in girls: