Diseases Of The Blood

Iron deficiency anemia in brief

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Iron deficiency anemia occurs due to a lack of iron in the body. It accounts for 80% of all anemias.

The reasons for the development of iron deficiency anemia are as follows:

  • chronic blood loss (menorrhagia, hemorrhoidal bleeding, nosebleeds),
  • diseases of the digestive tract (gastritis, tumors of the stomach and large intestine),
  • pregnancy,
  • various infections.


Iron deficiency anemia manifests itself in the form of anemic syndrome (a complex of symptoms):

  • fast fatiguability
  • drowsiness
  • noise in ears
  • dyspnea
  • pallor of mucous membranes

Also, with iron deficiency, the following symptoms are observed:

  • fragility, curvature of nails
  • section and hair loss
  • dry skin, the skin does not tan well
  • difficulty swallowing dry food
  • constipation
  • cracks in the corners of the mouth (seizures)
  • shiny tongue
  • decline hemoglobin in blood


Treatment for iron deficiency anemia begins with eliminating the cause of blood loss and iron deficiency.

It is necessary to use iron-containing drugs (ferroplex, feramide, tardiferon)

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A combination of iron preparations with ascorbic acid, with vitamins B6 and B12, as well as folic acid is useful.

An important role is played by proper nutrition, the use of foods rich in easily digestible iron. Read more about nutrition for iron deficiency anemia - in our special article.

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