- About the drug
- Domestic and imported analogues of Retinalamin
- Video about the analogue of Retinalamin
Retinalamin is a drug, prescribed for patients with eye diseases. The drug has a high cost, justified by a good therapeutic effect, and many cheaper analogues.
About the drug
The medicine is produced in Russia in the form of a lyophilisate used to prepare a solution for intramuscular or parabulbar administration.
Retinalamin is used as an active substance - a combination of components obtained from water-soluble fractions that make up the retina of cattle eyes.
The drug belongs to the group of ophthalmic drugs that improve the regenerative capacity of the retina.
- open-angle form of glaucoma (primary type of disorder in the stage of decompensation);
- damage to the retina (diabetic form of retinopathy);
- dystrophic disorders in the retina of a different origin, including trauma;
- myopia (complex therapy);
- detachment of the retina (in the period after surgical interventions as part of complex treatment);
- pigmentary retinal degradation.
The tool should only be used when the specified conditions are present.
Domestic and imported analogues of Retinalamin
The drug has several substitutes that are similar in action and indications. All of them have a pronounced therapeutic effect and can be used for various eye diseases.
Medicines should be used only on the advice of a doctor, taking into account the form of the disorder, the nature of its course and other features of the disease and the patient himself.
This tool is also a domestic pharmaceutical development and is widely used in ophthalmic practice. Medicines have the same form of release (lyophilisate). The main drug and this substitute have an identical composition and one common pharmacological group. Indications for use of medicines also completely coincide. However, their reception schemes are different.
Dosage: 5-10 mg once a day. Moreover, the agent is injected parabulbar or intramuscularly. The duration of treatment depends on the specific disease and varies from 5 days to 1.5 weeks. Most often, the agent is recommended to be used for 10 days.
If necessary, the medicine can be reused after 3-6 months. The funds partially overlap with contraindications. A common limitation for all is hypersensitivity to the components of a particular drug.
The analog has no age restrictions. However, the main remedy can be used in childhood, starting from 1 year. Moreover, only with central retinal dystrophy, as well as in the case of the development of pigment degradation. In other cases, the drug should be used only from the age of 18, which is its main drawback.
Both medicines are not used during pregnancy or breastfeeding. During this period, you must refrain from using any drugs. In case of emergency, drugs should be used only on the advice of a doctor.
Medicines partially overlap side effects that occur with approximately the same frequency and depend only on the individual characteristics of the patient's body.
Generic adverse reactions are more extensive. Unlike the original lyophilisate, its use can cause reactions from the cardiovascular system, which is not observed when using the main medication.
Despite some differences, both drugs have a high therapeutic effect and help to cope with the disorders indicated in the instructions. When replacing one solution with another, the age of the patient, as well as the recommendations of a specialist, should be taken into account. Both products can be purchased at the pharmacy only with a prescription from your doctor.
Retinalamin (cheaper analogs have an equally high therapeutic effect) should not be used in conjunction with other similar drugs. Otherwise, it can lead to various severe reactions.
This analogue is produced in Hungary and has several dosage forms - tablets, solution for intramuscular or intravenous injections. Medicines have a different chemical composition. The main substance of the generic is chloropyramine hydrochloride. The funds have completely different pharmacological groups and recommendations for the appointment.
Thus, the substitute is a representative of the antiallergic group of drugs and is used in the treatment of the following disorders:
- various allergic diseases, including eye diseases of an allergic origin (conjunctivitis);
- itchy elements caused by insect bites;
- skin diseases accompanied by itching and rashes - eczema, various dermatoses, as well as diseases caused by taking drugs.
Application regimen (for solution): from 20 to 40 mg once. The duration of therapy is individual.
Dosing rules (for tablets): 25 mg from 3 to 4 times a day, depending on the severity of the pathological process. In childhood, the dosage should be no more than 6.25-12.5 mg 2-3 times a day. The duration of the course is individual, but no more than 10 days. The drugs have completely different contraindications.
Thus, the analogue is prohibited for use in the presence of the following violations and conditions:
- glaucoma (when using a solution);
- hyperplasia of the prostate (benign course of the disease);
- problems with urination (when using the solution);
- bronchial asthma (in acute attacks);
- stomach ulcer (with an exacerbated course of the disease);
- intolerance to the components;
- simultaneous use of drugs from the group of MAO inhibitors.
Medicines can be prescribed in childhood. However, the generic drug should be used no earlier than the child reaches 1 month of age. Moreover, it is used very carefully. Because the child may have an allergic reaction. Both medicines are not used while carrying and feeding a baby.
The side effects of the funds are different and only partially coincide. In the main medication, in most cases, local reactions occur in the form of swelling and pain at the injection sites.
In the form of a solution, the medicine can only be purchased with a doctor's prescription. It is available over the counter in pill form. Retinalamin (cheaper analogs are appropriate to use in case of mild disease) should be used in small courses and only under the guidance of a treating specialist.
This medicine is produced in Russia in the form of an injection solution. Unlike the original lyophilisate, this generic has a different active ingredient - methylethylpyridinol hydrochloride (emoxipin).
The drugs have a different pharmacological group. Thus, the substitute belongs to the class of angioprotectors that have a high antioxidant effect. The drugs have similar prescription recommendations.
The analogue has the following indications (for use in ophthalmology):
- hemorrhagic processes in the eye area;
- dystrophic changes in the retina;
- thrombosis of the retina and its branches;
- consequences caused by myopia;
- eye surgery;
- angiosclerotic macular degeneration (dry form of pathology);
- dystrophic disorders occurring in the stratum corneum;
- prevention (while using contact lenses);
- prevention of the development of disorders associated with increased sensitivity of the eye to light exposure.
Dosages: 5-10 mg / kg intravenously. The duration of treatment is no more than 10-12 days. In this case, injections (infusions) are used in conjunction with isotonic sodium chloride solution.
If necessary, they switch to intramuscular administration of the solution. Dosages are determined by the attending physician. This method of therapy can be used for 1 month (depending on the complexity of the disease).
Retinalamin (cheaper analogs may have different indications and rules for use) has contraindications similar to the substitute. An additional limitation for the use of a generic drug is the minor age, which is its main disadvantage. The analogue should be used with extreme caution during surgical interventions, as well as in patients prone to bleeding.
The drugs have various side effects. Identical reactions are only local manifestations - pain, swelling and redness at the injection sites. The substitute may additionally develop symptoms from the central nervous system and the cardiovascular system - drowsiness, restlessness, an increase in blood pressure. Various short-term disorders of the gastrointestinal tract can also be observed. The drug is a prescription drug.
Retinalamin is more expensive. However, this is not a criterion for choosing cheap similar drugs. Generics are used only in case of intolerance to the original remedy.
The drug is manufactured by a Hungarian pharmaceutical company as a solution for intramuscular or intravenous administration. He, in contrast to the lyophilisate, has a different active substance - promethazine hydrochloride. The substitute belongs to a different pharmacological group and is an antihistamine (antiallergic) drug. At the same time, medicines have different recommendations for the appointment.
Generic should be used in the following cases:
- various allergic diseases;
- dermatological diseases, accompanied by the formation of rash, itching and redness;
- surgical interventions;
- CNS disorders - headaches, sleep disorders, restlessness;
- ulcerative lesion of the stomach and duodenum;
- pediatric practice - diseases accompanied by allergic reactions.
Scheme of use: a single dosage is 50 mg. It is recommended to inject no more than 250 mg of the solution per day. Children are recommended to prescribe 5-10 mg from 1 to 3 times per knock, depending on age. The duration of the course is individual. Medicines have various restrictions on their use.
The following contraindications are established for the generic:
- intolerance to the components;
- combination of drugs with MAO inhibitors;
- functional disorders of the liver, proceeding in severe form.
General limitations are pregnancy and lactation. In this case, the analogue can be prescribed to children starting from 2 months of age. Great care should be taken when using the solution in children with chronic respiratory diseases. Unlike the main lyophilisate, this agent can, in case of emergency, be used in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy, according to the testimony of a specialist.
The side effects of the drugs overlap. However, the substitute has much more of them. Moreover, symptoms may develop from various systems and internal organs, including the cardiovascular and hematopoietic system.
Also, reactions from the central nervous system often occur, which should be taken into account when it use by persons with an unstable psyche or with a history of various mental disorders and diseases of the central nervous system. The product can be purchased with a doctor's prescription. Retinalamin (cheaper analogs may have other forms of discharge) should be used only on the recommendations of the attending ophthalmologist. You should not prescribe the drug on your own.
The cost of funds depends on the region and region of sale, as well as the specific retail chain of pharmacies. You can clarify the availability of drugs and find out their exact cost at any pharmacy located in the patient's place of residence.
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Before using Retinalamin or other cheaper substitutes, you should carefully study their instructions and consult a specialist. You can also read the reviews of those who have already used lyophilisate or other analogues in the treatment of eye diseases.
Video about the analogue of Retinalamin