A complex symptom complex that extends to different systems and organs, and can have different clinical manifestations is defined as vegetative-vascular dystonia. It is a common ailment that starts to worry from a young age. Moreover, every third person suffers from the VSD.To aggravate the symptomatology may be stresses and other nervous experiences, pregnancy, chronic ailments. The main danger of VSD is the lack of a normal blood supply to the brain, and this increases the likelihood of a stroke.
- 1 Diagnosis VSD
- 1.1 Video - vascular dystonia
- 2 Why there IRR
- 3 symptomatic manifestation
- 4 Effective treatment VSD
- 5 Diet at VSD
- 6 preparative treatment: once and for all cure IRR
- 6.1 Video - How to treat vegetative-vascular dystonia
- 7 Prophylaxis VSD
Statement of diagnosis VSD
This pathological process leads to dysfunction of several vital system.
With a healthy body, the two above systems harmoniously interact, without disturbing the normal balance. When a pathological process occurs in the body in the form of vegetative-vascular dystonia, then the performance of one of the systems begins to increase, suppressing the second. As a result, the patient begins to feel bad( the symptomatology will depend directly on the activated system).
Help! According to statistical data, almost 25% of children have VSD, if we talk about the elderly population, then the figure is more serious and the diagnosis of vegetative-vascular dystonia is confirmed by more than 70%.
For the diagnosis of a pathological disease, the following research methods are used:
- Blood test, which shows the hormonal level, the clotting factor.
- In some cases, urinalysis.
- US of internal organs.
Video - Vegeto-vascular dystonia
Why it occurs VSD
This ailment manifests itself in childhood and the main cause of the occurrence is considered a hereditary factor. Parallel to the VSD leads to an imbalance in the development of the neuro-hormonal system with physical development as a whole.
The following factors may provoke the activation of the disease in an adult:
- The body is weakened after chronic illnesses.
- Depletion of the body due to intoxication.
- Lack of normal sleep due to regular insomnia.
- Prolonged state of depression.
- Depressed mood.
- A person feels chronic fatigue.
- Physical overload.
- Hormonal changes that occur during adolescence during pregnancy.
- Climate change.
These factors, due to the inability of the body to adapt in time, lead to disturbances in the work of the ANS.As a result, there is a dysfunction of the metabolism in the vessels and the heart tissues. As a result - an inadequate response of the body to the standard load.
Symptoms of VSD are diverse and may be misleading by simulating the symptom of other serious illnesses. But, if we consider the pathological state as a whole, then the VSD appears as certain syndromes.
|The name of the|| syndrome Brief description of the symptomatology |
|Cardiovascular|| Cardiac arrhythmia begins to occur during this syndrome, leading to arrhythmia. |
Horseracing blood pressure.
Uncharacteristic marbling of the skin.
Blood flushes or unhealthy pallor of the skin
|Cardial|| Heart pains occur in the form of a burning sensation and uncomfortable sensation in the sternum on the left side. It is determined that the manifestation of such symptoms is absolutely independent of physical activity and may even be when the patient is in a state of complete rest. |
|Hyperventilation|| The patient may feel slight suffocation. That is, there are problems with the function of breathing, when the breathing rate is increased, but the patient feels an obvious lack of air. |
|. Disrupted sweating.||. The patient begins uncharacteristically for a healthy body to sweat in the area of feet and palms. |
|Irritable bowel|| Soreness in the lower abdomen. |
Problems with stool. Nausea and vomiting.
Increased urge to defecate.
Loss of appetite
|Changed urination|| The patient does not have inflammation of the urogenital organs, but still feels pain after urinating. |
|Thermoregulatory disorders||. Overall, the patient's condition is normal, there is no infection in the body, but body temperature ranges from a slight increase tohardly noticeable decrease|
Note! The manifestation of such syndromes can be temporary and occur as seizures or be of a permanent nature. If the patient does not apply therapy for a long period of time and starts the disease, prolonged depression, secondary asthenia, and even phobias occur.
Effective treatment of
Only in rare cases, medical treatment is required, mainly patients are treated with general therapy, which includes stabilizing the nervous system by revising the lifestyle.
| recommendation Summary |
|Normalization of the|| day regimen The patient needs to adjust the day regimen with the right balance of labor and rest. Also, the duration of a healthy sleep is not less than eight hours, only during this time the body is able to fully recover its strength. At the same time, sleeping conditions are very important: a constant airing of the room is necessary, a comfortable bed with an orthopedic mattress |
|Breaks for rest|| The patient is recommended to alternate between the physical and mental load. Staying at the computer and watching TV should be reduced. During the sedentary work, do not forget to do the warm-up in the form of exercises for the back and for the eyes every half hour |
|Physical training with an adequate load|| It is best to do sports in nature or in the pool. Exercise should be easy and exclude the burden on the cardiovascular system. In sports it is recommended to give preference to swimming and cycling, swimming gymnastics. Thus, there will be a moderate load on the muscles of the heart, which will contribute to improving not only the general state of health, but also the psychoemotional state. Exclude from the lifestyle of jumping and all sports with sudden movements - it worsens the condition of the vessels |
|The correct diet|| The diet should be made in such a way that it includes magnesium and potassium. These minerals will intensify the transfer of impulses. Also, potassium and magnesium normalize the work of the nervous system. You need to eat buckwheat porridge, oatmeal, dried fruits. If the patient has a hypotonic type of ailment, then you should drink coffee, tea, milk. When the hypertonic type is diagnosed, coffee and spicy foods are excluded. |
|Physiotherapy|| The use of physiotherapy not only improves the general condition of the patient, but also contributes to the normal interaction of the two systems - sympathetic and parasympathetic, as well as vascular tone. In addition, blood circulation will improve and normal metabolic processes will return to normal. The necessary procedures include: |
Electrophoresis, which is applied directly to the cervical section.
Paraffin applications on the collar zone, as an alternative, ozocerite applications can be used.
Laser treatment in combination with magnetotherapy.
Water treatments( contrast baths, underwater massage)
|The use of massage techniques and acupuncture|| These procedures are necessary for a patient suffering from an AVR for normalizing sleep and blood pressure level, relieving the feelings of anxiety. The hypotonic type of the disease requires intensive massage, while for the hypertonic type slow massage |
|is indicated. Taking the plant preparations||When the patient has high blood pressure, the doctor attributes the drugs with hypotensive and sedative action( motherwort tincture).Drugs with an activating effect are necessary for patients with a hypotonic version of the ailment( tincture of ginseng).|
. Diet for
. Drug treatment: once and for all cured
. When general therapy is impotent before the IRR, the patient is prescribed medication.
- Drugs with magnesium and potassium content. They are recommended for normalizing the tone of the vascular system and improving the conductivity of nerve impulses( Magnefar , Panangin ).
- The drug Panangin
- Nootropics. These are drugs that normalize blood circulation in the nervous system and improve the metabolic process( Fezam , Piratsesin ).
- Beta-blockers. In case of a sharp rise in blood pressure, appropriate medication is needed( Anaprilin , Metoprolol ).
- Tranquilizers. With vegetative-vascular dystonia, the patient can feel constant anxiety, in some cases, panic attacks may occur, therefore, to eliminate anxiety, a group of drugs with a pronounced sedative effect( Diazepam , Phenazepam ) is assigned.
- Antidepressants. Are able to relieve the state of depression and establish the efficiency of the central nervous system( Lerivon , Prozac , Amitriptyline ).
Drug treatment should be prescribed exclusively by a specialist after examination and taking into account all individual characteristics and manifesting symptoms. When self-medication, the patient may be addicted to drugs and dependent on them( relief only after direct administration of the drug).
Video - How to treat vegetative-vascular dystonia
Prevention of VSD
Preventive measures are recommended to be carried out from childhood. It should not be mistaken that the ailment will pass with age, since the majority of patients suffered from manifestations of VSD even in childhood, which only intensified over the years.
To prevent the development of the disease must adhere to a few simple rules:
- Normalize the mode of the day.
- Sleep for at least eight hours.
- Balanced and rational nutrition.
- Discarding bad habits.
- Avoid nerve strains and stressful situations.
- Go in for sports and lead an active lifestyle.
To summarize, it should be noted that the VSD is not a complex ailment that threatens human life, but despite this, it requires immediate treatment.