Aktovegin relates to the known pharmacological preparation with a wide range of consumption. To reach the tool provides guidance on the use of Actovegin. It used the drug for the treatment of cerebral vascular and metabolic changes in the nature, burns, bedsores, chronic increase of sugar in adults and children, during the childbearing lactation. The price of the medicine is quite high and inaccessible for most categories of people, because produce analogues Actovegin, much cheaper than the official product.
Description of the preparation
The medicine belongs to antihypoxants. It consists of active component is gemoderivat which produce components and bovine blood. Means conducive to stimulate the metabolic processes and compensation. With respect to cell structures significantly accelerated ATP integrity.
The shape of the production depends Actovegin ligamentous components. As part of the drug may be present:
- water for injections;
- magnesium stearate;
- sodium chloride.
The composition of certain forms of injection included dextrose. For diabetes patients, this therapy Actovegin detrimental effect on carbohydrate metabolism. Because injections administered using a solution based on water. Aktovegin diabetes and polyneuropathy reduces signs of stabbing pain, burning, numbness in the legs, paresthesia. Also decreases the sensitivity of the disorder, the mental state of the patient gets better.
Aktovegin helps assimilate oxygen, reduce the signs of ischemia. The action takes place for an hour after the injection, and lasts up to 6 hours. Using ointment effect occurs after 20 minutes after application.
The dosage forms of the drug are different. With this drug for the treatment of the patient selected the most appropriate treatment option.
Today on the pharmacological market can be seen in the form of this drug:
- eye gel;
- solution for injection in ampoules.
Available in all dosage forms Actovegin in different portions. Saturation active constituent in ampoules for injections capable of change. Ampoules are 2-5 and 10 ml. Ointment produced amount of 20-100 mg. Price means Aktovegin ranges from 500 to 1500 rubles.
Indications for consumption
The consumption of the drug it is advisable in case of violation of tissue oxygen supply.
Instructions for use to aktovegin:
- changes in the brain, metabolic and vascular changes, head trauma, stroke.
- Diseases of the peripheral blood supply. Aktovegin indicated for patients with angiopathies.
- A variety of injuries of the skin, mucous membranes. Burns of varying severity, ulcers, bedsores easily treatable.
- Preventive measures and cure of skin lesions, mucous in the course of radiation treatment Actovegin.
The drug has a positive effect on patients who suffer from kidney and liver deficiency. The drug is indicated for patients in the elderly, infants, diabetics 2 degrees.
The official instructions for use as an ointment Actovegin transferred to the following information, as indicated by:
- inflammatory for the skin, mucous membranes, wounds of various nature;
- improve tissue repair after burns, but also burns from steam boiling liquid;
- varicose ulcers character, oozing sores;
- as prevention and cure of dead tissue, treatment of exposure to mucous membranes, skin, determine the effect of radiation.
Medication prescribed in neurology, endocrinology, cardiology.
How to take the medicine
Dosage and method of consumption of medicines depend on the type and severity of the disease. Aktovegin appointed interior, parenterally, topically.
To the preparation Aktovegin enclosed instructions for use. Tablets need to drink before a meal, do not chew, drink water. If no other recommendations, the intended dosage consists of 1-2 pills 3 times per day. healing course lasts about 4-6 weeks.
If the patient is diabetic polyneuropathy, then therapy begins with the administration of the agent into the vein of a dose of 2 grams per day for about 20 days. The patient is then administered Aktovegin tablets. Admission is at least 5 months at 2-3 pills per day.
The medicine is intended for outdoor use. When applied topically Actovegin therapeutic cure should be more than 14 days and lasts until full recovery. Applied ointment Aktovegin 2 times a day.
The cure of ulcers, wounds, inflamed areas of skin, mucous membranes takes place in 3 stages using Actovegin 20% as a gel, 5% cream and 5% ointments. Superimposed preparation thin layer.
As prophylaxis of necrotic tissue from the constant pressure ointment Aktovegin lubricated portion of increased threats. To prevent the formation of radiation lesions ointment applied slight layer after radiation curing and in the intervals between treatments.
When the overall effect Actovegin insufficient or absent from the use of ointments, require consultation of a doctor.
Aktovegin gel eye treatment is necessary to squeeze out of a tube in the patient eye 1 drop 2-3 sets for the day.
Drug Aktovegin may designate intramuscularly, into a vein, into the artery. Due to the possible formation of anaphylactic effects of the medication are advised to test for hypersensitivity to the start of the administration.
Treatment time is fixed on an individual basis, based on the symptoms and severity of disease.
Solution for injections Aktovegin appointed inwardly vein (infusion, bolus), inside the artery at 5-20 ml per day. Intramuscular solution was added slowly, not more than 5 ml per day.
For administration into the vein drug is dissolved in 0.9% sodium chloride solution or 5% glucose. Proposed residual saturation Actovegin considered not more than 2000 mg dry component per 250 ml of solution.
To begin the treatment with a dosage of 10-20 ml. The subsequent portion of the drug is reduced to 5 ml, is introduced slowly. Infusion repeated every day or every 7 days.
In the case of heavy Aktovegin situations introduce into the veins of 20-50 ml per day, 2 days for the acquisition of clinical effectiveness.
If the patient's well-being of moderate severity or exacerbation of chronic diseases are available, injections Actovegin then administered intramuscularly or into a vein, a portion of 5-20 ml per day at about 14-20 days.
When the planned course is administered therapeutic drug into the vein or intramuscular injection of 2-5 ml per day for 30-45 days. Multiplicity of administration and the seriousness of the disease is 1-3 times.
Before proceeding with the means of consumption, it is necessary to read the instructions for use Actovegin, focus on limitations.
The main contraindication - high sensitivity to components means.
The list of contraindications
- Decompensated heart deficiency.
- Swelling of the lungs.
- Anuria, oliguria.
- Fluid retention in the body.
- High sensitivity to peers Actovegin.
With extreme caution should be taken Aktovegin pregnant women, during lactation. Aktovegin considered unsafe, even if the pregnancy short period of time. Because when injected appointment, you must inform the doctor about an existing pregnancy.
Also, the drug needs to be used cautiously in patients with diabetes 1 degree. Therapy takes place under the supervision of the blood biochemical parameters. If sodium and chlorine saturation increased, then Actovegin consumption contraindicated.
At the moment, this medicine is not administered in pediatrics, because of lack of evidence. In the case of exclusion, Aktovegin prescribed to children, taking into account the vital evidence and then, if on drugs will be more than harm. To enter Aktovegin child, parents must give their permission.
In most cases, the drug is easily tolerated. However, sometimes it may be a secondary process - an allergy, anaphylactic shock.
Relative to the skin and the immune system:
- there is hypersensitivity;
- increase in temperature;
- angioneurotic edema;
- skin congestion;
- increase perspiration department;
- swelling of the skin or mucous membranes;
- influxes of high temperature;
- conversion to the injection zone.
- pain in the epigastric area;
Heart and Circulatory System:
- feeling pain in the heart region;
- rapid pulse;
- pale skin integument;
- reduced and increased pressure.
- rapid breathing;
- feel tight in the chest;
- difficult breathing, swallowing process;
- sore throat;
- strangulation flash.
- head pain;
- loss of reason;
- sore muscles, joints;
- discomfort in the lumbar region.
When applying Actovegin lead to these phenomena, it is necessary to complete its use and benefit from the treatment of the symptoms.
Using Actovegin during childbearing
Often at the risk of coronary and vascular changes prescribe the use of pills and drip Actovegin pregnant women. Most women in the position of refuse from the medication, arguing its effects, especially at the stage of a fetus. In this case, according to the instructions and reviews of physicians, these assumptions are more uncaused.
Medication prescribed for detecting changes in the fetal blood supply or when there is a risk of formation of varicose veins on the legs. It is necessary to drink pills Actovegin when carrying a pregnancy (mothers most reviews positive) the pregnant women who are prone to the formation of hemorrhoids and change metabolic developments.
Important! During childbearing Aktovegin appointed only physician who chooses individually the optimal form of the drug. Specialist raspishet eating plan, make an assessment and for changes.
Appointed Aktovegin pregnant with extreme caution, expected benefits commensurate with the possible threat. The main indication for Actovegin is placental insufficiency.
As stated multiple responses, requiring the use of Actovegin is carried out in case of:
- swelling of the lower extremities;
- veins on the legs;
- encounter difficulty in bowel movement;
- severe fatigue, feeling of heaviness in the legs;
- defective joining of oxygen to the fetus as shown in US;
- location of the placenta in the lower uterine segment;
- the risk of termination of pregnancy;
- miscarriages and fetal fading previously;
- late preeclampsia.
Doctors recommend to minimize the threat of a future baby to start drinking Actovegin at the stage of planning of pregnancy:
- When a woman is predisposed to hemorrhoids.
- There are changes in peripheral blood flow (sores, swelling).
- There is a tendency to varicose changes.
Most often during childbearing Aktovegin injected into a vein in the hospital, because it is used in an emergency cure. By the beneficence medication resort when women feel in the position of the embryo needs to be reformed urgently. Input means droplets.
Intramuscular injections prescribed if necessary rapid improvement of blood flow in the placenta and embryo receiving oxygen along with pleznymi substances. When there is a threat of loss of a child or the termination of pregnancy, this is the standard treatment.
The tablets are prescribed for prevention of women who have experienced miscarriage or early miscarriage. It is also prescribed for certain pregnancy complications. Often the cure complex in combination with other medicines (Aktovegin with Curantylum with piracetam, with glucose, with cytoflavin).
How to take the medication during pregnancy
Independent use of the drug during the childbearing is unacceptable. The need for its use, as well as the method of use, is indicated by the attending specialist.
use plan and the dose during childbearing doctor prescribed only and may differ from universal acceptance. Generally, treatment is long, about a month.
It should be noted that the domestic introduction of the drug solution is able to dramatically increase the pressure. Because it must be entered with extreme caution, especially patients who suffer from hypertension.
The instructions indicated that the solution for the injections correctly pour separately from other medicines. As an exception is possible to use a glucose solution and isotonic sodium chloride solution.
Medication during breastfeeding
As you know, when child-bearing injections and pills are directed to normalize the state of health of the expectant mother. However, after the drug delivery may require the newborn.
In practice, the effectiveness of the use of experts Actovegin was confirmed at treatment of infants and children up to 3 years. Intramuscular and intravenous agents prescribed in the following cases:
- deficiency of blood flow in the brain of an acute form;
- head trauma during birth;
- change the formation of the nervous system;
- speech, movement dysfunction.
When calculating the dose of medication during childbearing and breastfeeding specialist takes into account the impact on the embryo means any child to whom the medication falls along with breast milk.
Compatibility with the medicament
Intravenous and intramuscular administration of the medicament, in accordance with an instruction can be combined with glucose 5% or sodium chloride.
The list of drugs, which combines medicine:
One important issue is the problem of pharmaceutical drugs compatibility with each other, with the organism.
To remedy does not become toxic, oncogenic, allergic, when referring to a specialist is necessary to tell about the reception of all accepted at the moment of medicines.
Analogs Actovegin and price
The only tool that can be attributed to the analogy is Solkoseril. Product Composition in the form of ointments, creams, solutions. The cost of money from 200 rubles.
In addition there are medicines that have similar pharmacological effects:
- Tablets - Glockenspiel, dipyridamole to 700 rubles, Vero Trimetazidine 50-90 rubles.
- Ointment - Algofin 60 rubles.
- Injections - Tserebrozilin 900-1100 rubles from 700 rubles Cortexin.
To cheap analogues include a number of medicines:
It should be noted that the composition Actovegin analogues differ from the official formulation. There are many restrictions on their reception, and side effects occur more frequently.
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