- Classification of funds
- Top 10 drugs from the pharmacy
- Cough pills
- ACC Long
- Cough medicine videos
Cough is the body's defensive reaction, expressed in a sharp and forced expiration of air flow from the lungs through the mouth. This symptom is the result of an involuntary, reflexive contraction of the muscles of the respiratory system resulting from receiving a signal from the respiratory system, which receives information from nerve endings localized in the mucous system responsible for breath.
If mucus, smoke, dust, or a foreign body accumulates in the respiratory system, which provokes blockage of the respiratory tract, then the body independently tries to cope with the problem - it starts the process coughing up. Often the cough is caused by the development of a disease that has affected the lungs, and inexpensive and effective drugs are prescribed, which are available in the form of tablets, to remove it.
Classification of funds
There are many reasons that can provoke the appearance of a cough, for example, smoking, colds, otitis media, pleurisy, tumors, aneurysms and many others. Depending on the reasons that caused the cough, it is divided into several types: dry, wet, acute.
Depending on the type of cough, drugs are selected that in a short time will help not only to remove the symptom, and the cough is precisely it, but also to identify the cause of its appearance and eliminate it. To eliminate cough, a drug is selected, and there is a huge variety of them in pharmacies now.
Cough tablets, effective and inexpensive, help fight any type of cough, the main thing is to choose the right remedy. All drugs are classified into several types and all of them and their features are described in the table below.
|Mucolytics||Their action is aimed at thinning phlegm collected in the respiratory system and removing it from the body. Drugs from this group stop secretion production. The active components of mucolytics can be the following substances: ambroxol, bromhexine, acetylcysteine. If the drug is correctly selected, then the cough is cured after a week of admission.|
|Expectorants||They help remove phlegm from the respiratory system if the secretion is too viscous. They work to effectively liquefy clots. And such an effect is given by extracts of herbs, for example, thyme, marshmallow or plantain. Stimulating chemical components have the same effect: bromhexine, trypsin, chymotrypsin.|
|Bronchodilators||The main effect of drugs from this group is to relieve spasm from the bronchi and actively combat the causes that provoke it. Similar drugs are prescribed for bronchitis, asthma and dysplasia of the bronchi and lungs.|
|Anti-inflammatory||Used to treat dry and wet coughs, which are triggered by the presence of bacteria, viruses or allergens in the respiratory system. They can also be prescribed for those who have got into the respiratory system small particles of metal or chemicals. With the help of drugs from this group, it is possible to eliminate perspiration and swelling, normalize gas exchange in the lungs, and reduce sensitivity.|
|Antihistamines||Medicines help eliminate coughs caused by the presence of allergens in the body.|
|Medicines that inhibit cough receptors||Medicines from this group have a direct effect on cough receptors located in the brain. They have a local anesthetic effect. They are effective in treating dry and wet coughs.|
|Combined||Medicines in this group are considered the most effective. 2-3 of their reception will help to significantly reduce severe symptoms. This group combines the properties of several groups at once: mucolytic, antihistamine, bronchodilator and expectorant.|
Top 10 drugs from the pharmacy
A cough is a symptom that can be triggered by the presence of a common cold in the body. But it also manifests itself as a result of an allergic reaction and serious heart problems. A similar reaction can also indicate the body's natural defenses, if, for example, a foreign body or chemical has entered the respiratory tract.
In order to find a quality medicine, it is important to find out exactly the reason that provoked the appearance of the cough, and the doctor will help to do this. Consider the most effective cough medicines available in tablet form.
Cough tablets, effective and inexpensive, Ambrobene is a drug belonging to the group of expectorant and mucolytic drugs. The main component of the pills is ambroxol hydrochloride. Also, the drug stimulates the formation of a surfactant, normalizes the secretion of the bronchi, significantly improves the rheological parameters of sputum, reducing its viscosity, facilitates excretion sputum.
Prescribe a medicine if the patient has been diagnosed with:
- bronchitis in acute and chronic form;
- asthma with difficulty passing secretions;
But before you start taking the drug, you need to read the instructions, because it describes the pathologies in which it is contraindicated to take Ambroxol:
- an ulcer of the digestive system;
- the first three months of gestation;
- intolerance to the components that make up it.
The drug should be taken according to the following scheme:
- the first 2-3 days, 1 tablet three times a day;
- from day 4, 1 tablet twice a day.
The tablets should be taken after meals with a glass of water. If you exceed the established dosage, then unwanted symptoms may appear: headache, general weakness, nausea, diarrhea. The average cost of pills in a Russian pharmacy varies within 250 rubles.
This is a drug from the group of mucolytics, which has a pronounced expectorant effect. The medicine helps to stimulate serous cells of the bronchial mucosa, increases secretion and secretion surfactant, normalizes the disturbed balance of the serous and mucous components of sputum, facilitates the withdrawal sputum.
The drug is indicated for admission if, after examination, the patient was diagnosed with:
- acute or chronic form of pathologies affecting the respiratory system and accompanied by the presence of viscous sputum;
- bronchitis in acute and chronic forms;
- asthma with difficulty sputum discharge;
- respiratory distress syndrome.
The drug should not be prescribed to women in the first trimester of pregnancy and during breastfeeding, children under 6 years of age, with lactase deficiency, lactose and fructose intolerance.
It costs about 4-5 days to take the drug, 1 tablet three times a day. During treatment with Ambrohexal, be sure to consume a large amount of liquid in order to enhance the mucolytic effect. Failure to comply with the doctor's prescriptions threatens the development of undesirable symptoms: an allergic reaction, fever, shortness of breath, vomiting, diarrhea, pain in the peritoneal region. The average price of tablets in Russian pharmacies is 150 rubles.
Cough tablets, effective and inexpensive, Bromhexine belong to the group of mucolytic drugs with an expectorant effect. The drug is produced in tablet form and each pill contains 8 mg of the active substance of the same name. The drug helps to reduce the viscosity of the secretion from the bronchi and easily remove it from the respiratory system.
The drug is prescribed for any pathologies affecting the respiratory organs, which are accompanied by the formation of a viscous secretion and the difficulties of its removal from the body. It is forbidden to prescribe the drug to those who have special sensitivity to the components from the composition.
The recommended standard dose per day for adults and adolescents from 10 years old is 1 tablet up to 4 times a day. The therapeutic effect can be achieved after a week of regular use.
Failure to comply with the prescribed dose may threaten the development of undesirable symptoms:
- increased sweating;
- spasm in the bronchi;
In Russian pharmacies, Bromhexin tablets are sold for 50 rubles. per packing.
An effective drug and, moreover, an inexpensive Lazolvan, is available in tablet form. Each tablet contains 30 mg of ambroxol hydrochloride, which is the main active ingredient. This drug belongs to mucolytic agents with a pronounced expectorant effect.
This substance helps to increase the secretion in the respiratory tract and quickly cope with coughs. It also helps to enhance pulmonary surfactant production and activates ciliary activity. It is thanks to these effects that it is possible to enhance the flow and transport of mucus, due to which the sputum is easily separated and leaves the respiratory tract.
Lazolvan tablets are prescribed for acute and chronic pathologies that have affected the respiratory system, accompanied by difficulties with sputum separation.
It is forbidden to prescribe pills to women in the first trimester of pregnancy and breastfeeding, patients with special sensitivity to components, with lactose intolerance, lactase deficiency.
The standard dose for adults and adolescents over 12 years old is 1 tablet up to 3 times a day. The course is on average 5 days.
Failure to follow the doctor's recommendations can provoke the development of unwanted symptoms. Most often, with an overdose, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and dyspepsia appear.
The average price of the drug is 430 rubles.
Cough pills, effective and inexpensive, Libexin contain prenoxdiazine hydrochloride as an active component. It is thanks to this substance that the drug is an antitussive agent with a peripheral effect.
The drug manages to block the peripheral links of the cough reflex, thanks to which it is possible to achieve the following effects:
- local anesthetic action, which reduces the irritability of the porridge receptors of the respiratory tract;
- helps to expand the bronchi, thereby suppressing cough receptors;
- decreased activity in the center of the respiratory tract.
Prescribe the drug for an unproductive cough of any origin.
But not everyone can be prescribed Libexin, because the drug has a number of contraindications:
- intolerance to the substances that make up the composition;
- pathologies affecting abundant bronchial secretion;
- the period after the postponed inhalation anesthesia;
- intolerance to galactose;
- lack of lactase.
The average dose of the drug for adults is 100 mg 3-4 times a day. The course is selected individually for each patient, depending on the complexity of the treatment of the disease.
Long-term use of the drug or an overestimated dose can provoke the development of unwanted symptoms:
- spasm in the bronchi;
- dry mouth;
- fast fatiguability.
The average price for a drug is 500 rubles.
This is an expectorant of plant origin, produced in tablet form and containing an extract of marshmallow as an active component. The drug is a mixture of polysaccharides obtained from the extract of medicinal marshmallow, due to which the drug has a pronounced expectorant effect.
Due to its similar feature, it is possible to carry out reflex stimulation, increase the activity of the ciliated epithelium and peristalsis of the respiratory tract with increased secretion of the bronchial glands. The drug is prescribed for acute or chronic pathologies affecting the upper or lower respiratory tract, accompanied by a complex discharge of sputum.
Despite the fact that the drug is a herbal remedy, it still cannot be prescribed to people with special sensitivity to the components, in the presence of peptic ulcer disease.
Children from 12 years of age and adults should take the drug 1-2 tablets up to 3 times a day. The average course of treatment is 7-14 days. If you exceed the prescribed dosage, an allergic reaction may develop. The average price of a drug in Russian pharmacies is 100 rubles.
It is an inexpensive, effective and at the same time almost harmless remedy that helps to cope with any type of cough. The drug is produced in the form of tablets for resorption. Each pill contains levomenthol, mint leaf oil, eucalyptus oil as an active ingredient. The medicine has a weak antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effect.
The medicine is prescribed for people who have an inflammatory process in the upper respiratory tract. Despite the high efficacy of the drug, it is still not recommended to prescribe it with a deficiency of sucrose or isomaltase, fructose intolerance, as well as special sensitivity to the components.
You should take tablets 1 piece up to 4 times a day. The tablet is kept in the mouth until it is completely dissolved. The course is 5 days. If you do not follow the recommendations, you may experience an allergic reaction. The average price of the drug is 100 rubles.
The active components of the drug, which is produced in tablet form, are the substance butamirate. It is thanks to this substance that the medicine is an antitussive agent with a central action. The drug suppresses cough, having a direct effect on the cough center, is not addictive. Helps to expand the bronchi, facilitates breathing, significantly improves spirometry indicators, saturates the blood with oxygen.
Prescribe the drug for dry cough of any etiology, as well as to suppress cough in the period before or after surgery, bronchoscopy.
The medicine cannot be prescribed to people with special intolerance to the components, women at first trimester of gestation and during breastfeeding, lactose or fructose intolerance, deficiency of lactase.
Adults are recommended to take 2 tablets three times a day. The average course of therapy is 5 days. Failure to comply with the established dosage can threaten the development of such symptoms: itching, rashes, nausea, diarrhea, headache. The average price of the drug varies within 250 rubles.
These are inexpensive but effective pills to help fight coughs. The main components of the drug are the powder of the herb thermopsis lanceolate and sodium bicarbonate. It is thanks to these components that the drug has expectorant properties, providing moderate irritation to the receptors of the gastric mucosa. In the herb thermopsis there is a huge amount of alkaloids, thanks to which the drug has an exciting effect on the respiratory and vomiting center.
The drug is recommended to be taken for any type of cough, accompanied by difficulties with sputum discharge.
It is forbidden to admit those who have such ailments:
- peptic ulcer;
- special intolerance to the components;
- malignant formation or pulmonary tuberculosis;
- the period of breastfeeding and bearing the fetus.
Take 1 tablet per day. The course is selected individually.
Failure to comply with the doctor's prescriptions threatens the appearance of allergies and nausea. The average price of the drug is 50 rubles.
This drug is available in the form of effervescent tablets and the substance acetylcysteine acts as an active substance in it. The drug belongs to mucolytic agents and is a derivative of the amino acid cysteine. The drug has a mucolytic effect, helps to increase the volume of phlegm and facilitates its excretion from the body.
Prescribe a medicine for pathologies of the respiratory system, which are accompanied by the formation of viscous and difficult to remove sputum.
You can not prescribe the drug for admission with peptic ulcer of the digestive system, coughing up blood, the period of breastfeeding, special sensitivity to the components of the drug.
The drug is taken 200 mg 3 times a day. The tablet is placed in a glass of water and waited for its complete dissolution, and then they drink it at a time. The course is set for each patient individually, depending on the severity of the disease.
If the dosage established by the doctor is not observed, the following symptoms may be observed: tinnitus, bronchospasm, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, itching, rashes, tachycardia. Packaging of the drug will cost an average of 300 rubles.
A cough is not a disease, but only a symptom indicating the development of an ailment. It is very important to make an accurate diagnosis on time and start treatment, otherwise, a common cold without proper therapy can turn into pneumonia, which will lead to serious complications. Inexpensive and effective pills will help to quickly eliminate cough and not harm the body, the main thing is that a specialist prescribes them, because many drugs have a lot of contraindications.
Cough medicine videos
Komarovsky on cough medicines: