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Diet table 6 for gout. Every day menu, recipes

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Content

  1. Essence and basic principles
  2. Recommended food
  3. Things to Avoid
  4. Main menu
  5. Weekly menu
  6. French toast sandwiches
  7. What ingredients are needed
  8. Step by step cooking process
  9. Steak salad
  10. What ingredients are needed
  11. Step by step cooking process
  12. Creamy horseradish sauce with herbs
  13. What ingredients are needed
  14. Step by step cooking process
  15. Fresh tomato sauce
  16. What ingredients are needed
  17. Step by step cooking process
  18. Garlic and walnut sauce
  19. What ingredients are needed
  20. Step by step cooking process
  21. Grilled salmon steaks
  22. What ingredients are needed
  23. Step by step cooking process
  24. Oriental green salad
  25. What ingredients are needed
  26. Step by step cooking process
  27. Chicken salad
  28. What ingredients are needed
  29. Step by step cooking process
  30. Catfish flavored in southeastern style
  31. What ingredients are needed
  32. Step by step cooking process
  33. Orange and walnut salad
  34. What ingredients are needed
  35. Step by step cooking process
  36. Cold melon soup
  37. What ingredients are needed
  38. Step by step cooking process
  39. Cherry and vanilla smoothie
  40. What ingredients are needed
  41. Step by step cooking process
  42. Video about diet table 6
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Gout is a painful form of arthritis that occurs when large amounts of uric acid, which causes the formation and accumulation of crystals in and around the joint with him. In the body, uric acid is produced when chemicals called purines are broken down and then excreted when urine is excreted. Purines are found naturally in the body, plus they are found in certain types of food.

Diet for gout (known as table # 6) helps to reduce the level of uric acid in the blood. By itself, it is not a medicine, but it can help prevent recurrent attacks and slow down the process of joint damage.

Essence and basic principles

The main factor in helping to cope with gout is reducing the amount of purines consumed. A properly formulated diet can affect the percentage of excreted uric acid in the body, but this effect is insignificant when compared with the effect of drugs.

Diet (table 6 for gout is recommended by doctors) will not be able to completely cure the disease, but constant adherence to it allows you to reduce new attacks to a minimum.

The basic principles of such nutrition are as follows:

  • Reducing weight to a healthy level and maintaining it. Being overweight increases the likelihood of progression of gout, and losing extra pounds reduces the frequency and soreness of flare-ups. It is scientifically proven that reducing calorie intake and losing weight - even without following a diet with a decrease purines in food - reduce the percentage of uric acid formed and make gout attacks more rare. Losing weight also makes joints easier to function by minimizing the overall stress on them.
  • Slow and complex carbohydrates. It is recommended to eat more whole grains and cereals and products from them, as well as fruits and vegetables.
  • Less sugar. It is required to avoid foods and drinks that contain a lot of fructose and limit the consumption of natural sweet-tasting fruit juices.
  • Water is the main drink. You should drink mostly water so as not to dehydrate the body.
  • Less saturated fat. Reduce your intake of saturated fats, especially from red meat and fatty poultry, and full-fat dairy products.
  • Lean proteins. Recommended protein sources are low-fat meat and poultry, low-fat or low-fat dairy products, and lentils.

Recommended food

It is recommended to drink plenty of fluids - daily from 8 to 16 tbsp. At least half of the drinks consumed should be water. Sources of vitamin C (such as orange juice) can also help reduce urinary acids, but fructose in their composition can cause the opposite effect, therefore it is important to observe moderation. The same goes for coffee (not decaffeinated).

The diet (table 6 for gout includes a variety of dishes) involves the active consumption of a number of foods that differ in the content of a small amount of purines:

  • low-fat and low-fat dairy products (primarily yoghurt and milk), and their vegetable substitutes.
  • Fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Nuts, peanut butter and seeds.
  • Unsaturated fats and oils.
  • Potatoes, rice, bread and pasta.
  • Eggs in moderation.
  • Fish, chicken and lean red meat - in moderation (120-180 g per day).
  • Vegetables - no limits. It is even okay to include high-purine spinach and asparagus on the menu, as research shows they do not increase the risk of gout attacks.

Things to Avoid

Food isn't the only thing that can affect uric acid production. Drinking consumption also matters. Sugary drinks such as soda and fruit juices should be avoided. You may also need to limit or eliminate alcohol consumption.

In addition, it is recommended that you refrain from consuming the following foods and drinks:

  • Beer and grain spirits (such as vodka and whiskey).
  • Red meat (primarily lamb and pork).
  • Meat by-products - especially the liver, kidneys, and glandular tissues (thymus or pancreas).
  • Seafood, especially oysters, but also shrimp, lobster, mussels, anchovies and sardines.
  • Foods high in fructose, such as sodas and sugary fruit juices, sweetened breakfast cereals, ice cream, candy, and fast food.

Main menu

Diet (table 6 for gout involves snacks), with prolonged adherence, can limit the synthesis of uric acid in the body and accelerate its excretion. This will reduce the number of attacks and reduce their severity. An approximate menu for one day might look like this.

Breakfast:

  • Whole grain unsweetened cereal with milk (skim or low fat);
  • 1 tbsp. fresh strawberries;
  • natural coffee with caffeine;
  • drinking water.

Dinner:

  • fried or baked pieces of chicken fillet (60 g) on ​​a whole grain bun with mustard;
  • mixed salad with leafy greens and vegetables, 1 tbsp. l. nuts and dressing with olive oil and balsamic;
  • skim milk or low fat milk, or filtered water.

Afternoon snack:

  • 1 tbsp. fresh cherries;
  • drinking water.

Dinner:

  • grilled or baked salmon (100-150 g);
  • fried or stewed green beans;
  • from 0.5 to 1 tbsp. whole grain pasta with olive oil and lemon pepper;
  • drinking water;
  • any hot drink without caffeine (herbal tea will work).

Snacks:

  • low-fat yogurt;
  • 1 tbsp. fresh melon.

Following a diet plan for gout, along with restricting calories in the diet and daily exercise can also improve overall health by helping to achieve and maintain healthy weight.

Weekly menu

Table number 6 for gout is a diet that requires you to stop eating too much meat. This can seem quite difficult for people who are accustomed to eating it during most meals and, more often, in large portions. Instead of meat, it is required to include in the menu as many low-fat and low-fat dairy products, fruits and vegetables as possible. Despite the fact that the latter contain purines, sometimes even in significant quantities, it has been proven that the use of these plant-based substances does not lead to exacerbations of gout.

An approximate menu for gout for a week is not mandatory for strict execution. It simply offers 21 food options and 7 snacks that fit all the requirements and limitations of this diet.

Breakfast Dinner Dinner Snack
Monday cherry smoothie (you can add 1 tbsp. l. vanilla-flavored vegetable protein powder to include more protein on the menu) 60 g fried or baked chicken fillet (breast) with leafy green salad with fresh juicy vegetables (such as cucumber) marinated eggplant "steaks", boiled or baked corn on the cob, cooked bell peppers and asparagus with a serving of boiled brown rice celery sticks with peanut butter
Tuesday omelet with onions, tomatoes and bell peppers and 1 tbsp. skim milk black bean soup with finely chopped tomatoes and green onions + tortilla chips shawarma with turkey and green beans (no more than 100 g lean breast) with salsa, low-fat cheese, olives and avocado sliced ​​raw vegetables with a small portion of hummus
Wednesday whole grain toast with peanut butter and chopped fruit quinoa and vegetable salad and 1 tbsp. fresh fruit half chicken breast baked with courgettes and sweet potatoes low-fat yogurt sprinkled with chopped pecans
Thursday eggs (hard-boiled or soft-boiled), a small slice of low-fat cheese, chopped half of a pear lean (vegan) potato soup with vegetables curry with lentils and vegetables, a portion of boiled rice melon and cashew slices
Friday whole grain flakes (unsweetened) with fresh blueberries in low-fat milk lean (vegan) soup made from any non-starchy vegetables with a slice of whole grain bread 100g grilled or baked salmon, stewed vegetables, and whole grain gluten-free pasta fresh cherry and 1 large wedge of dark chocolate
Saturday berry smoothie with fat-free cow milk or unsweetened nut milk (optional: +1 tbsp. l. vegetable protein powder) a sandwich with a couple of slices of fried or baked chicken fillet, low-fat cheese, tomatoes and lettuce, a serving of any raw vegetables potato casserole with low-fat sour cream, low-fat cheese, green onions, tomatoes and any other vegetables apple with almond butter
Sunday scrambled eggs with salsa and sweet potatoes tomato soup (lean or chicken broth) with a slice of whole grain bread hot baked sandwich with low-fat cheese, tomatoes and any vegetables, a portion of green salad Greek yogurt with chopped fresh cherries

Since it is vital for people with gout to stay hydrated, the following drinks should be consumed in addition to the indicated menu in significant quantities:

  • water (as much as possible);
  • coffee;
  • tea;
  • low fat and / or skim milk.

Another helpful step to take when switching to Diet # 6 is to include some nutritional supplements in your daily diet that support the body and control flare-ups of gout. First of all, these are natural extracts of cherry, celery seed, chunk piedra and hydrangea, which can support a balanced formation of uric acid in the body.

French toast sandwiches

This recipe is suitable for use on a gout diet because these sandwiches contain foods with reduced purines.

Diet for gout table 6. Every day menu, recipes

However, you should limit the amount of bran and wheat germ consumed to 50 grams per day.

What ingredients are needed

  • 4 thin slices of whole grain toast bread
  • 2 large eggs (or 0.5 tbsp. vegan egg substitute);
  • 0.25 tbsp skim milk;
  • 0.5 tsp l. vanilla extract;
  • 2 tbsp. l. low-fat cream cheese;
  • 2 tbsp. l. apricot jam;
  • food grade oil spray;
  • 2 h l. powdered sugar;
  • 0.25 tbsp warm maple syrup.

Step by step cooking process

  1. Preheat the oven to 150 ° C in advance.
  2. In a fireproof glass bowl or baking dish of suitable diameter, beat eggs with milk and vanilla extract.
  3. Make 2 cream cheese and jam sandwiches, dip them in the egg mixture and gently turn so that the liquid is absorbed from both sides.
  4. Lightly coat a nonstick or regular skillet with cooking spray and heat to medium heat.
  5. Fry the sandwiches until golden brown, turning once, about 2-3 minutes each. on each side.
  6. Put the finished products on a baking sheet and place in the preheated oven to keep them warm until serving.
  7. Serve the sandwiches with maple syrup and lightly sprinkle with powdered sugar.

Steak salad

The diet (table 6 for gout includes a variety of recipes) requires you to keep your consumption of red meat to a minimum. However, it is sometimes possible to allow a lean steak (no more than 100g per serving) as an ingredient in a hearty salad. Cooking meat for this recipe is preferably on a homemade double-sided contact electric grill.

What ingredients are needed

  • about 450 g of New York steak (about 2-3 cm thick);
  • 6 tbsp. chopped romaine lettuce;
  • 1 small cucumber, peeled and seeded and chopped
  • 4 radishes, cut into slices;
  • 0.5-0.75 st. chopped red onion;
  • 1 tbsp. very small tomatoes (cherry) cut in half;
  • 2 celery stalks, cut into slices;
Diet for gout table 6. Every day menu, recipes
  • 2 tbsp. broccoli inflorescences, steamed and chilled.

Step by step cooking process

  1. Preheat the grill to the maximum.
  2. Grate the New York steak with coarsely chopped black pepper and cook it to the desired degree of doneness (5 min. for low meat with an internal temperature of about 54 ° C up to 8 min. for strong with heating up to 71 ° C).
  3. Then leave the steak to “rest” before chopping it.
  4. Arrange vegetables on 4 dinner plates, drizzle lightly with olive oil and vinegar, or use a light store-bought dressing.
  5. Slice the steak diagonally, removing all fatty parts, and divide the meat slices evenly over the salad bowls.
  6. Pour the creamy horseradish sauce over the dish and serve.

Creamy horseradish sauce with herbs

Since with gout, only lean meat is allowed (no more than 1-2 small portions per day), it is advisable to combine it with various sauces. This will ensure the juiciness of meat dishes, which usually comes from fat. One of the best options for such a sauce is a creamy one based on horseradish and aromatic herbs.

What ingredients are needed

  • 0.25 tbsp low-fat sour cream;
  • 1 tbsp. l. grated pickled horseradish;
  • 1 tbsp. l. chopped mixture of parsley and cilantro or other fresh herbs.

Step by step cooking process

  1. Mix all ingredients in a small container.
  2. Pour the resulting sauce over the meat dish and serve immediately.Diet for gout table 6. Every day menu, recipes

To make a gluten-free sauce, you only need to use gluten-free spices or seasonings. You should read product labels carefully and consult with the seller if you have any questions.

Fresh tomato sauce

Another good sauce for meat and poultry dishes is tomato sauce. It has a pleasant refreshing taste and bright aroma, while being low in calories and gluten free.

What ingredients are needed

  • 1.5 tbsp. diced very ripe tomatoes with seeds and skins removed, (do not salt);
  • 1 tbsp. l. chopped fresh basil;
  • 1 tbsp. l. finely chopped red onion;
  • 0.5 tsp l. chopped fresh garlic;
  • 1 hour l. olive oil (extra virgin).

Step by step cooking process

  1. Cut the tomatoes (only the fleshy pulp) to the desired size, after removing the skin from them and draining the juice with seeds.
  2. Mix the chopped tomatoes with the rest of the ingredients, place the mixture in a blender and beat on high speed for about 10 seconds.
  3. Put the prepared sauce in the refrigerator until ready to serve or use immediately.

Garlic and walnut sauce

This sauce is suitable not only for meat and poultry, but also for fish, pasta and all kinds of casseroles. Alternatively, it can be served as a spread on crackers or toast.

What ingredients are needed

  • 0.5 tbsp. walnuts;Diet for gout table 6. Every day menu, recipes
  • 0.5 tbsp. fresh parsley, loosely folded;
  • 1 clove of garlic
  • 1 tbsp. l. walnut or olive oil;
  • 1-2 tbsp. l. hot water;
  • 1 tbsp. l. grated parmesan cheese.

Step by step cooking process

  1. Place all ingredients in a blender or small food processor, blend until puree, about 30 seconds. at maximum speed.
  2. During the whipping process, you can pour in water to achieve the desired consistency.
  3. Serve as a sauce or spread. From the specified number of components, approximately 0.5 tbsp will be obtained. product.

Grilled salmon steaks

Despite the fact that salmon is allowed on the menu on a diet for gout, it is necessary to limit its consumption to 1 serving per day, the size of which should not be more than 120-150 g.

What ingredients are needed

  • 2 salmon steaks, about 180 g each (raw);
  • 2 tbsp. l. any sauce;
  • 1 hour l. vegetable oil;Diet for gout table 6. Every day menu, recipes
  • lemon and tomato slices, to serve.

Step by step cooking process

  1. Heat the grill to a high level and rub the wire rack with vegetable oil.
  2. Pour the sauce over the fish steaks and cook for 5 minutes, then turn over and continue frying for another 5 minutes. The fish should be matte and the internal temperature of each steak should reach 62-63 ° C).

Oriental green salad

Despite the presence of several green vegetables with moderate purine content, this salad is suitable for inclusion in the diet for gout. However, the amount of cauliflower and snow peas consumed should be limited to 120 grams per day.

What ingredients are needed

  • 0.5 tbsp. fresh green beans;
  • 0.5 tbsp. snow peas;
  • 1 tbsp. cauliflower inflorescences, chopped into small pieces;
  • 1 tbsp. chopped water chestnuts, dried;
  • 2 large radishes, cut into thin slices;
  • 2 leeks (green parts), cut into thin slices;
  • 0.25 tbsp red onion, cut into slices;
  • 1 hour l. ginger powder;
  • 0.25 tbsp seasoned rice wine vinegar.

Step by step cooking process

  1. Remove strings and ends from green beans and snow peas, mix vegetables with chopped cauliflower.
  2. Top with water chestnuts, radish slices and onionsDiet for gout table 6. Every day menu, recipes
  3. Mix chopped dried ginger with seasoned rice wine vinegar and pour over the vegetables, stir well, cover with a lid or plastic wrap and refrigerate for 2 hours. or more, stirring occasionally.
  4. Immediately before serving, mix the salad thoroughly again and serve in a large salad bowl or divide into portions.

Chicken salad

Since the use of chicken on a diet for gout is allowed only in small portions, it is recommended to prepare hearty salads with vegetables and cheese from it.

What ingredients are needed

  • 300 g of boiled chicken breast (white fillet);
  • 1 large stalk of celery, finely chopped
  • 0.25 tbsp fat-free mayonnaise;
  • 4 romaine or lettuce leaves, washed and trimmed;
  • 60 g shredded blue cheese;
  • 1 ripe tomato, cut into quarters (or 8 cherry tomatoes)
  • 1 small cucumber, washed and cut into thin slices.

Step by step cooking process

  1. Drain all the liquid from the chicken and cut it into small cubes, add chopped celery and mayonnaise, stir gently to coat the fillet.
  2. Arrange the lettuce leaves in a shallow serving plate, place the chicken mixture in the middle and crush the blue cheese on top.
  3. Spread tomato and cucumber slices over the surface of the dish, cover with plastic wrap and refrigerate until serving.

Catfish flavored in southeastern style

This recipe invites you to grill or grill catfish fillets, pre-seasoning it with a fragrant spicy mixture. If desired, you can use gluten-free spices to keep the finished meal free of gluten.

What ingredients are needed

  • 2 catfish fillets without bones and skin (total about 300-350 g);
  • 2 h l. dried chopped onions;
  • 0.5 tsp l. paprika;Diet for gout table 6. Every day menu, recipes
  • 0.5 tsp l. garlic powder;
  • 0.25 hrs l. cayenne pepper;
  • 0.25 hrs l. mustard powder.

Step by step cooking process

  1. Mix dry spice ingredients on a sheet of waxed paper.
  2. Rinse the catfish fillet and pat dry with a paper towel, brush on both sides with mixed spices.
  3. Heat the grill or grill grate to a high temperature.
  4. Pour in 1 tsp. l. olive oil on a small baking sheet and put the catfish fillets on it, put on a hot wire rack and fry for 5 minutes, then turn the fish over and continue frying for another 3-4 minutes, until it becomes opaque and dull, and begins to disintegrate into layers when cutting with a fork.

Orange and walnut salad

This recipe suggests making a salad with an unusual composition. In fact, leafy greens, fresh cucumber, juicy orange, and crunchy walnuts are great. are combined with each other, and blue cheese and red wine vinegar create a unique taste and aroma.

What ingredients are needed

  • 2 tbsp. coarsely chopped romaine lettuce (about 6 leaves);
  • 1 tbsp. arugula;
  • 1 cucumber, peeled and seeded, cut into slices;
  • 0.25 tbsp thinly chopped red onion;
  • 2 oranges (separated wedges), peeled, membranes and pitted, and chopped;
  • 2 tbsp. l. chopped walnuts;
  • 1 tbsp. l. walnut oils;
  • 1 tbsp. l. red wine vinegar;
  • 50 g blue cheese (gluten free).

Step by step cooking process

  1. Place the ingredients in a large salad bowl in any order.
  2. Sprinkle the salad with walnut oil and vinegar just before serving and stir.
  3. Crumble the blue cheese on top and serve immediately.

Cold melon soup

This is a mouth-watering first course for a summer dinner. It is recommended to prepare it in advance and serve it chilled.

What ingredients are needed

  • 2 small melons (each weighing about 1 kg);Diet for gout table 6. Every day menu, recipes
  • 1 hour l. ground ginger;
  • 0.25 hrs l. nutmeg;
  • 0.5 tbsp. fat-free sour cream plus 4 tsp. l. for filing.

Step by step cooking process

  1. Cut the cantaloupes in half, remove the seeds.
  2. Use a spoon or ice cream scoop to separate the pieces of pulp.
  3. Chill remaining rind in halves to use as soup bowls.
  4. Put the melon pulp in a blender along with sour cream and spices, beat until creamy.
  5. Put the soup in the refrigerator for at least 1 hour so that it becomes cold and the flavors and aromas mix well.
  6. To serve, distribute the dish between the reserved empty melon halves and add 1 tsp to the surface of each serving. l. sour cream.

Cherry and vanilla smoothie

On a gout diet, various fruit and berry smoothies made with low-fat dairy products or their herbal substitutes are useful. It is especially recommended to add cherries to such cocktails, as they can reduce the level of uric acid in the body.

What ingredients are needed

  • 1 tbsp. frozen pitted cherries;
  • 1 tbsp. skimmed cow's milk or vegetable milk;
  • 0.5 tbsp. low-fat vanilla yogurt.

Step by step cooking process

  1. Freezing the berries before mixing allows you to skip the ice cubes in the finished smoothie. If you are using pitted fresh cherries, you will need to add it in a 2: 1 ratio (for example, 1 tbsp. berries and 0.5 tbsp. ice).
  2. Place all ingredients in a blender and beat until smooth.
  3. Pour the finished drink equally into 2 glasses and serve.

Other recommended smoothies on a gout diet are strawberry and kiwi, banana and blueberry, or pineapple and mango. In addition, the modern approach to table # 6 allows for the use of different recipes to compose everyday menu (not only soups, salads and baked dishes, but also sandwiches, pizza, shawarma and various interesting desserts). The main requirement is that they should be based on products with a low purine content.

In addition to medication, regular exercise, weight loss, weight control and adequate fluid intake, dietary (and this tasty and varied) nutrition will help reduce the level of uric acid in the body and, as a result, painful formation crystals.

Video about diet table 6

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