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While carrying a child headaches in women can develop for various reasons. The vast majority of these (about 85%) are caused by a muscle source. Before you start taking pills for the head, you should use non-pharmacological options. If home remedies don't work, over-the-counter prenatal medications are available.
Headaches have different etiologies. In general, most are considered tension headaches and are usually described as a tight band of pain around the head and sometimes in the back of the neck. They are often caused by emotional factors such as stress, but there are a wide variety of physical causes as well.
|Kind of pain||Causes|
|Tension pain||hormonal changes|
|lack of sleep|
|low blood sugar|
|Pain associated with infections and diseases||sinus infection|
|low blood pressure|
|meningitis or encephalitis|
Head pills for pregnant women should be safe for an unborn child.
It is not recommended to use:
- pain relievers such as Naproxen, Ibuprofen, Aspirin;
- remedies for migraines and headaches called triptans.
However, doctors may prescribe these drugs during gestation if the benefits to the pregnant woman outweigh the potential risks to the fetus.
The main groups of drugs for headache:
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory.
Analgesics stop the development of pain syndrome without providing an anesthetic effect. The drugs have a complex effect, relieve pain, reduce inflammation and fever. Due to the lack of influence on the root cause of the development of pain, such drugs are not used in systemic therapy for long-term use.
The average time to the onset of pain relief is 20-30 minutes. The effect after taking the pills lasts for 7-8 hours. A feature of analgesics is the inadmissibility of the simultaneous administration of several drugs.
Non-narcotic analgesics include:
- pyrazolone derivatives - Analgin;
- alkanoic acid derivatives - Ibuprofen, Diclofenac;
- aniline derivatives - Paracetamol, Panadol;
- other compounds - Dimexide, Pentalgin.
Headaches caused by impaired blood circulation in the brain due to vasospasm are stopped by antispasmodic drugs. The vasoconstriction is accompanied by the development of pain syndrome, which cannot be relieved by the application of ice or the use of analgesics.
To restore the lumen of blood vessels, antispasmodics are used. Like analgesics, these drugs are used for one-time relief. Reception on an ongoing basis is possible by appointment of a gynecologist.
Tablets from the head for pregnant women from the group of antispasmodic drugs differ in their principle of action:
- Myotropic drugs are used in the presence of high blood pressure. They relieve spastic smooth muscle syndromes, after which they relax and restore the lumen of blood vessels. Some medications cause a decrease in emotional stress. Myotropic antispasmodics include Dibazol, Papaverin, No-shpa, Dexalgin.
- The action of neurotropic antispasmodics is aimed at blocking the transmission of nerve impulses, due to which smooth muscles are relaxed. The restoration of blood circulation leads to the relief of pain. Popular neurotropic antispasmodics include Aprofen, Buscopan, Hyoscin.
The use of vasoconstrictor drugs is necessary to eliminate vasodilatation, leading to blood stasis. Lack of normal blood supply leads to the development of pain syndrome. Vasoconstrictor drugs restore blood circulation by increasing the tone of blood vessels.
The active substances are represented by caffeine, ergotamine, triptans. These drugs are used only as directed by a doctor and are not available without a prescription. The most popular remedies are Migrenol and Cofetamine.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have a complex effect. They reduce fever, reduce inflammation and have an analgesic effect. Effectiveness after administration lasts for several hours. However, long-term use is not recommended due to a number of contraindications.
NSAIDs are classified according to the strength of the effect. The drugs with a mild effect include Baralgin, Sedalgin ", Tempalgin. Indomethacin, Ketoprofen have good results.
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Tablets from the head have an extensive list of both positive aspects and side effects, contraindications. But pregnancy limits the options available and creates serious decision-making dilemmas. Treatment of primary headaches sometimes harms the fetus. For example, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been shown to be associated with a higher risk of miscarriage and fetal malformations.
Some commonly used drugs for the prevention of migraine attacks are contraindicated in pregnancy due to their teratogenicity (the ability to cause the development of congenital malformations) and adverse neurocognitive disorders offspring. A number of drugs are allowed to be taken during pregnancy.
The active substance is paracetamol at a concentration of 500 mg. It is produced in the form of capsule-shaped tablets with embossed and scored film-coated. Implementation is carried out in cardboard boxes with 1-2 blisters of 6-12 tablets.
It has analgesic and antipyretic effects by blocking receptors in the centers of pain and thermoregulation. There is no anti-inflammatory effect.
The dosage regimen consists in the use of 1-2 tablets up to 4 times a day. It is not recommended to use it for more than 5 days without a doctor's prescription.
A contraindication to use is hypersensitivity to the components. The agent should be used with caution in the presence of hepatic and renal insufficiency.
Compliance with the recommended dosage is tolerated without the development of side effects. However, in rare cases, the appearance of skin rashes, the development of anemia and thromocytopenia are noted. With prolonged use of large dosages, renal colic may occur, interstitial nephritis may develop.
Panadol is a budgetary tool. The average cost of a package varies between 40-100 rubles.
The medicine is available in the form of biconvex tablets with the Nurofen overprint. The package contains from 6 to 12 tablets in plastic blisters.
The active ingredient is ibuprofen, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that belongs to a whole group of pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs. Ibuprofen works by blocking the production of pain and inflammation-causing chemicals in body tissues (these chemicals are called prostaglandins).
It is applied internally with a little water. The recommended dosage is 1 tablet 3-4 times a day. The break between doses should be at least 6 hours.
Contraindications for use include hypersensitivity to the active substance, the presence of erosive and ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, severe damage to the functioning of the kidneys, the presence of hematopoietic disorders, hemophilia and childhood less than 6 years old. The use of nurofen in the third trimester of pregnancy is prohibited.
With caution, the drug should be used with other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, with gastritis, ulcerative colitis, bronchial asthma, liver failure, arterial hypertension, sugar diabetes.
Side effects include disorders of hematopoiesis, development of allergic reactions, swelling of the face and larynx, tachycardia, nausea, diarrhea, flatulence, hepatitis, the development of renal and heart failure, bronchial asthma, a decrease in hemoglobin and glucose in blood. The average cost is 70-150 rubles. per packing.
The active substance - drotaverine hydrochloride - refers to the means that relieve smooth muscle spasm. No-shpy tablets are yellow, biconvex, coated with a “spa” engraving.
Tablets from the head for pregnant women No-shpa, regardless of the supply of organs and tissues with nerve cells, has a relaxing effect on the muscles of the gastrointestinal tract, bile and urinary tract.
It is prescribed in a dosage of 40-240 mg 2-3 times a day. The maximum daily dose is 240 mg or 6 tablets.
Contraindications for use include:
- hypersensitivity to the active substance;
- increased levels of fat in the blood;
- gallbladder disease;
- hemolytic uremic syndrome.
Side effects are presented in the form of sleep disturbances, lowering blood pressure, nausea, constipation, allergic dermatitis, palpitations.
The cost of packaging is 85-200 rubles. depending on the number of tablets.
The active ingredients are acetylsalicylic acid, caffeine and paracetamol. The combination of salicylic acid with psycholeptics is available in tablet form. The tablets are sealed in blisters of 6-10 units.
The combined product has several properties:
- Acetylsalicylic acid relieves pain caused by tissue inflammation. It has an antipyretic effect.
- Caffeine stimulates the excitability of the nervous system, leading to the dilation of blood vessels. Inhibits platelet clumping and stimulates physical performance.
- Paracetamol has analgesic and antipyretic effects, affecting the centers of pain and thermoregulation.
The remedy is prescribed in the II trimester of pregnancy. Reception is carried out after or during meals, 1 tablet 3-4 times a day. It is not recommended to use it for more than 5 days without a doctor's prescription.
Contraindications for use are individual sensitivity to the components of the product, the presence erosive and ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, hemophilia, hypothrombinemia, renal failure, 1st and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy, glaucoma, sleep disorders.
Side effects from the digestive tract are gastralgia, nausea, vomiting. Nephrotoxicity or bronchospasm may develop. The cardiovascular system is characterized by an increase in blood pressure and tachycardia. With prolonged use, visual impairment, tinnitus, a decrease in the ability of blood to clot, hemorrhagic syndrome, deafness and vomiting develop.
The cost of packaging is 40-60 rubles.
The active ingredient is paracetamol in combination with caffeine. It is produced in tablet form with an embossing and a "+" sign. Paracetamol content - 500 mg, caffeine - 65 mg.
As an analgesic non-narcotic agent, it has antipyretic and analgesic effects. It affects the centers of pain and thermoregulation, but does not affect the process of inflammation.
Caffeine as a stimulant enhances the presence of the analgesic. Acting on psychomotor centers, the drug acts on the respiratory and vasomotor centers of the medulla oblongata.
The dosage regimen is 1-2 tablets 3-4 times a day. The maximum daily dose is 8 tablets. Application for more than 5 days is not recommended.
In the presence of severe liver and kidney dysfunction, arterial hypertension, glaucoma, sleep disorders, epilepsy, the drug is contraindicated.
It should be used with caution in the presence of benign tumors of the kidneys and liver, viral hepatitis, alcoholism.
If the doses recommended by the doctor are observed, the drug is well tolerated. Sometimes there is a skin rash, leukopenia, bronchospasm. With prolonged use, liver dysfunction is possible. The average cost is in the range of 110-220 rubles. per packing.
The active ingredient is diclofenac sodium 25 mg. Available in yellow enteric coated tablets with engraving on both sides. The package consists of 2-3 blisters of 10 tablets each.
This medicine works by restricting the functions of naturally occurring enzymes (cyclooxygenase-1 and cyclooxygenase-2) in the body, which prevents the release of inflammatory agents. Voltaren is also used to relieve pain and inflammatory conditions.
The dosage is selected individually. When offering the drug for use, doctors recommend using a small dose of 75-150 mg, dividing it into 2 doses.
Contraindications include hypersensitivity to drug components, progressive kidney disease, disorders of the peripheral arteries and blood vessels of the brain, disorders of hemostasis, III trimester pregnancy. It is used with caution in case of suspicion of gastrointestinal diseases, after surgery, impaired renal functionality, systemic tissue diseases.
Side effects include:
- decreased appetite;
- liver failure;
- tremors, convulsions;
- visual impairment;
- skin rash;
- anaphylactic reactions;
- lowering blood pressure;
- asthma and edema.
The cost of the drug is 45-220 rubles.
Spazmonet tablets from the head for pregnant women contain the active substance drotaverine hydrochloride, which is contained within 40 mg. The drug is produced in the form of greenish-yellow tablets with a chamfer and a score. The package consists of several contour blisters. Each cell contains 10 tablets.
The medicine has a vasodilator, myotropic antispasmodic effect. A positive result after administration is observed with a neurogenic and muscle origin of spasms. The medicine is taken in 2-3 doses per day, the weft dose is 40-240 mg.
Contraindications for use:
- heart failure;
- partial loss of functions by the kidneys;
- lactation period.
Side effects are manifested in the form of dizziness, insomnia, lowering blood pressure, angioedema, urticaria, itching.
The cost is 60-70 rubles.
The active ingredient is papaverine hydrochloride 40 mg. It is produced in tablet form in a contoured cell-free package of 10 pieces. As a myotropic antispasmodic agent, it reduces the tone of the smooth muscles of the internal organs. It dilates the arteries, increasing blood flow.
It is prescribed 40-60 mg 3-5 times a day. Contraindications include AV block, severe hepatic impairment, advanced age, and increased individual sensitivity. Side effects are expressed in the development of nausea, constipation, excessive sweating, arterial hypotension. The cost is 30-75 rubles.
The development of headache during pregnancy leads to a deterioration in the woman's condition and has an indirect effect on the health of the unborn child. Timely and competent use of pills from the head helps to stop pain without negatively affecting the development of the fetus. Despite the availability of drugs approved for use for pregnant women, you should consult your doctor before use.
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How to get rid of a headache during pregnancy: