- Release form
- Chemical composition
- Pharmacological properties
- Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics
- Indications for use
- At what age can the drug be used?
- Instructions for use, dosage
- Side effects
- special instructions
- Drug interactions
- List of analogues
- Lugol (Russia)
- Lizobakt (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
- Ingalipt (Russia)
- Terms, conditions of sale and storage
- The price of the drug and analogues
- Septolet spray video
Septolete is a medicine which is used in the complex therapy of diseases of the oral cavity and throat. The spray has proven itself well, since it has a high antiseptic effect and helps to cope with the diseases indicated in the instructions.
The medication is produced in Slovenia in the form of a spray for local use in otolaryngology (for throat irrigation).
The color of the liquid is colorless or with a slightly yellowish tinge. The nominal volume of the bottle is 30 ml.
The drug contains 2 active components - benzydamine hydrochloride and cetylpyridinium chloride monohydrate.
- ethanol alcohol;
- polyalkylene glycol;
- food additive (E954);
- oil made from peppermint leaves;
- filtered water.
The ingredients work well with each other and do not cause cross-reactions.
The medication belongs to the group of local antiseptic agents and has a pronounced anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effect.
The first active substance (benzydamine) is a representative of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). It also helps to eliminate pain, has an antiseptic effect against most pathogenic microorganisms. The component suppresses the production of prostaglandins and stabilizes cell membranes.
The active substance quickly penetrates the cell membranes of microorganisms and leads to disruption cell structures, inhibits metabolic reactions and processes of cell lysosomes, which causes death bacteria. This explains the antibacterial effect of the drug.
The ingredient helps to inhibit the activity and reproduction of the candida fungus, therefore it is effective in infectious diseases of the oral cavity.
The second active ingredient (cetylpyridinium chloride) has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect. In most cases, it affects the gram-positive pathogenic microflora. To a lesser extent, it affects gram-negative microorganisms. The substance is able to fight some fungal and viral pathogens.
Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics
Septolete is a throat spray that partially exhibits pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties, which does not affect its effectiveness.
Only the first active ingredient is absorbed through the mucous cavity. In this regard, both components do not interact with each other.
Despite the fact that benzydamine can be absorbed through the mucous membranes, its concentration in the blood is insufficient to provide systemic action.
The substance leaves the body in the form of inactive metabolites, mainly by the renal system.
Indications for use
The medicine is intended for local use in otorhinolaryngology as a symptomatic therapy of inflammatory diseases of a different origin.
- inflammation of the gums (gingivitis);
- inflammatory reactions in the oral mucosa (stomatitis);
- inflammation of the tongue (glossitis);
- periodontal disease;
- diseases of the pharynx and tonsils (tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis);
- oral mucosa candidiasis (as a complex treatment);
- inflammatory processes in the area of the salivary glands (sialoadenitis);
- trauma or surgery (removal of tonsils, jaw fracture);
- dental procedures related to the treatment or extraction of teeth.
The tool should be used only in the presence of the indicated violations. As a prophylaxis, the drug is not used.
The drug has several limitations that can lead to the development of complications. In this connection, in the presence of the following conditions, a different therapy should be selected.
- intolerance to the components;
- children under 12 years of age.
The spray can be used with extreme caution in the following cases:
- allergy to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
- bronchial asthma;
- liver disease;
- alcohol addiction;
- TBI (traumatic brain injury);
- organic and inorganic brain damage;
- lactation period.
Before starting therapy, it is necessary to make sure that the patient is not allergic to one of the components. To do this, it is necessary to irrigate problem areas once and monitor the development of possible reactions. If irritation, redness or other symptoms occur, the medication should be discarded and a doctor should be consulted for a different treatment.
At what age can the drug be used?
Septolete is a throat spray that can be used in pediatric practice from the age of 12. At the same time, strict control of dosages and monitoring of the child's condition is required.
Instructions for use, dosage
The medication must be used after meals. It is recommended to shake the bottle a little before use, and then remove the protective cap.
Application scheme: insert an elongated tube into the mouth and bring it to the problem area. Press the dispenser 1 or 2 times and irrigate the cavity. Use the tool in this way every 2 hours. The number of applications per day can vary from 2 to 5 times. The duration of treatment is no more than 1 week. If there is no effect within 3 days, treatment should be discontinued and a specialist should be consulted.
The spray is generally well tolerated by patients. However, occasionally it can lead to the occurrence of various negative reactions due to the patient's physiology and non-compliance with the rules of admission.
- Immune reactions: development of hypersensitivity.
- Nervous system disorders: a feeling of numbness in the oral mucosa.
- Respiratory organs: the occurrence of spasms in the region of the bronchi.
- Organs of the digestive tract: irritation or burning sensation in the oral mucosa.
- Adverse reactions from the skin: the formation of itchy elements, hyperreaction of the skin to sunlight (photosensitization).
- Allergy symptoms: urticaria. In rare cases, angioedema may occur in the tap.
With the development of such signs, you should interrupt further therapy and seek the advice of your doctor, who will help determine the cause and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
The dosages prescribed or indicated in the instructions should be strictly adhered to.
Otherwise, the spray can lead to the development of the following reactions:
- nausea and vomiting;
- increased excitability;
- convulsive state;
- hyperhidrosis (increased sweating);
- respiratory depression, including paralysis of the respiratory muscles caused by asphyxiation;
- lowering blood pressure;
- trembling in the body (tremor);
- oppression of the central nervous system;
Lethal dosages range from 1 to 3 g, which corresponds to 2-6 thousand. injections. If these symptoms occur, it is necessary to urgently consult a specialist for symptomatic treatment.
Throat spray should be used with caution in the elderly, as well as children. Usually Septolete is well tolerated, however, precautions should be taken to prevent the development of negative reactions.
In case of the formation of ulcers in the oral cavity, which persist over the next 3 days, you should immediately consult a specialist.
The drug is prohibited for use before or after brushing your teeth with toothpaste, since some of the products contain anionic compounds.
When applying the solution, contact with the eyes should be avoided. In case of accidental contact with the mucous membranes of the eyes, it is recommended to rinse them with plenty of water.
The product should not be swallowed, especially by children, as it contains ethanol.
With great care, the spray can be used while carrying and feeding a baby. The possibility of using the drug during these periods of time should be determined by the doctor, taking into account the perceived risks and expected benefits.
The medication is intended for local use, therefore it does not have a systemic effect, which allows you to drive a car or carry out other work related to increased concentration attention.
The medicine can react with other agents belonging to the antiseptic group, so their simultaneous use should be avoided.
When using other local preparations that do not belong to antiseptics, you must also warn your doctor about this.
List of analogues
The spray has several substitutes that have a similar effect. Moreover, they can contain both identical and completely different active components.
In this connection, only a specialist should deal with the selection of a particular remedy, who must take into account not only the disease itself, but also the physiological characteristics of the patient.
Self-selection and replacement of the original spray is not recommended, since only the doctor knows the features of the use of drugs and the course of diseases.
Septolete is a throat spray that can be replaced by a popular and effective remedy like Lugol. This medication is also made in the form of a spray for topical use in ENT practice.
Iodine is used as the main component. The very same remedy belongs to the group of local antiseptic drugs and is prescribed in the treatment of infectious and inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity and pharynx.
Dosage regimen: 1 injection into the oral cavity 4-6 times a day. Hold your breath while irrigating.
The duration of treatment is individual, taking into account the tolerability and effectiveness of the drug. A limitation on the use of the medication is intolerance to the components. Included in its composition.
With extreme caution, the spray can be prescribed to patients with the following disorders:
- decompensated kidney and liver diseases;
- dermatitis, which has a herpetic form.
The drug is not used for any diseases of the thyroid gland, since it contains iodine. There are no age restrictions. The tool can be used in pediatric practice without any restrictions, but only under the supervision of a physician. The spray can be prescribed to pregnant and lactating women only if absolutely necessary, taking into account the potential danger and intended benefits. Vacation conditions - over-the-counter.
Lizobakt (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
This generic is available in the form of a lozenge. They contain 2 active ingredients - lysozyme hydrochloride and pyridoxine hydrochloride.
The medicine is a representative of the antiseptic group of drugs and is often used as a treatment for ENT diseases, since it has a pronounced antiseptic and antimicrobial effect.
Recommendations for taking pills:
- herpetic eruptions in the mouth;
- aphthous formations;
- catarrhal forms of disorders in the upper respiratory tract;
- the presence of erosions of a different nature of origin.
Dosages: children under 12 years of age are advised to take 1 tablet 3-4 times a day. For children and adults, the optimal dosage is 2 tablets 3-4 times a day. The duration of the course is 8 days. In the absence of a therapeutic effect within 3 days, you should refuse to take further pills and consult a doctor.
- hypersensitivity reactions;
- children under 3 years old;
- intolerance to chicken protein;
- congenital lactose allergy, lactase deficiency or glucose / galactose malabsorption syndrome.
The medicine can be used in old age, as well as when carrying and feeding a child.
The medication can be purchased over the counter without a doctor's prescription.
Septolete is a throat spray that is not used in the younger age group. In this connection, it can be replaced by other suitable medicines that are approved for use in preschool children. Ingalipt is a similar agent that is produced in the form of an aerosol for topical use in ENT practice.
It contains several active and natural ingredients:
- soluble sulfanilamide;
- sodium sulfathiazole;
- eucalyptus oil;
- peppermint oil.
The medicine has a local anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effect and is used in the treatment of the following diseases:
- inflammation of the tonsils (tonsillitis);
- inflammatory processes in the pharynx and tonsils (pharyngitis);
- inflammation of the mucous membranes of the larynx (laryngitis);
- stomatitis (aphthous form).
Reception rules: spray the product in the mouth. Use 3-4 times a day. Before irrigation, the mouth must first be rinsed with boiled warm water. The duration of therapy is no more than 1-1.5 weeks. Subsequent courses are possible only with the permission of a doctor and a long break. If there is no therapeutic effect within 3 days, the use of the aerosol should be discontinued and the ENT should be consulted.
- severe kidney failure;
- blood diseases;
- pregnancy (1st and 2nd trimesters);
- allergy to components.
Age restrictions - for adults and children over 3 years old. It should be borne in mind that the drug may have negative reactions, especially in persons prone to the development of allergies. The medicine is available over the counter.
Terms, conditions of sale and storage
- The spray should be stored in a dark and dry place at temperatures up to 25 0C.
- Expiration date - 24 months from the date of issue. After opening the bottle, the medicine can be used for six months.
- Do not use after the expiration date stated on the package.
- Dispensing method - without a prescription.
The price of the drug and analogues
The cost of the spray may vary depending on the region of sale and the pharmacy trade network. You can clarify the availability of funds, as well as find out its price at any pharmacy located at the place of residence.
The cost of a spray in state pharmacies can vary from 200 to 365 rubles. per bottle.
|Analog name||Dosage form / dosage||Price|
|Lugol||Spray, 50 ml||RUB 55-105|
|Lizobact||Tablets, 30 pcs.||205-290 rub.|
|Ingalipt||Aerosol, 30 ml||RUB 115-130|
Before using Septolete or similar products, it is required to read the instructions for their use and consult a specialist. If necessary, you can additionally study the reviews of patients who have already used a spray or other drugs for the treatment of the throat.
Septolet spray video
Septolet Total. Instructions, overview: